SOC 433 9/7-9/11 Week Notes
SOC 433 9/7-9/11 Week Notes 433
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Meagan Brant on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 433 at Ball State University taught by Gong in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Sociology of Mental Health in Sociology at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/20/15
SOC 433 Notes for week of SEPTEMBER 7th to SEPTEMBER 11th Book Notes Chapter 3 The Prevalence of Mental Illness Data sources The ECA NCS and NCSR were the three earlier data gatherings of mental health This was meaningful survey data at the time it was taken because it was taking true prevalence into account The data was founded by non clinicians and then compared to the data taken by clinicians However the data did not end up being entirely valid in the community It lacked validity because the same concepts were yielding entirely different results Lifetime Prevalence Lifetime prevalence is looked at in the book in a series of categories anxiety disorders mood disorders disruptive disorders substance disorders and a combination of any of these disorders Lifetime prevalence is an estimate of what proportion of the population will be affected by mental illness in a life span Factors There are many social factors that lead to having to personally deal on a case by case basis with the type of mental illness you have underneath these broad categories listed above Some examples are age gender race ethnicity socioeconomic status education and marriage We learn that most mental disorders start at an early age and are concentrated in a relatively narrow timespan 61 Therefore disorders are diagnosed early and happen only over a short period of time and then seem to fade back into the darkness It is also proposed that later onset illness is most likely a mental illness that proceeds a pre existing one and that remedies and education should be youth focused Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Definitions of stressors stress and distress threats to physiological equilibrium physiological response to the stressor Behavioral response to the stress that occurs on the physiological level that may take form of a mental health issue or concern Two models of Stress 1 Biological Stress Model Selye 1956 The Biological Stress Model has four stages 1 Stressors 2 Conditioning factors 3 General adaptive syndrome three stage response sequence to a stressor 1 Alarm Reaction 2 Stage of Resistance 3 Stage of Exhaustion 4 Maladaptive or adaptive responses distress In the diagram below the Biological Stress Model would say that the stressor was the threat that which produces the stress The stress it self is the bodily response The distress is the behavioral response However this stress model is not as linear as it is laid out to be There is the context to be considered or the capacity at which one can cope and coping which coping method is used and how a I effective it is Stressors C t t 2 Engineering Stress Model Smith 1987 This model was literally based off a model used to create and maintain metal bridges They found that huge collapses happened not from an event such as a gust of wind but a long term ElfFania Frm39mii lit Emit Eftmlr Efrem Traumatic m Ehmg a E fquot quotquot Ewing in quot lmquot Hasales r A T E 1r quotif l l EHHE GEMINILENS Fig um 33 Thu continuum process life of rust So in this model in differentiation to the biological stress model above claims that the stress and the stressor are external and therefore lead to strain Event Stressors Chronic Stressors Specific start and end however doesn t mean that Longer time than course of events they stress stops it means that the event stressor stops No slow emergence Slow emergence Examples of event stressors hurricane job loss Less self limiting Examples of chronic stress threats demands structural constraints under reward complexity uncertainty conflict Event sfressors v chronic sfressors Daily hassles Non events Traumatic stress Attempting to explain hard A form of chronic stressor Must be severe stressors to distinguish that are distressing demands that occur daily Unpredictable or mundane tasks Anticipated events that do not Eitherisolated or chronic long are examples occur term problems Daily hassles are in the middle of Lack of change as well as too Must have long term impact the spectrum because they do much change occur often however aren t exactly traumatic events Strategically placed past daily hassles on the spectrum because it acts more like a chronic stressor yet still has the attribute of an event by having a specific start in which something did not occur Misconceptions of stress 1 Personal stress most people only have average amounts of stress even though you feel like the most stressed person in the whole world 2 Constant stress people are neglecting to realize when things go good in their lives and when things improve Everyone is constantly saying they live such a stressful life For example my committee for Dance Marathon Riley Relations started off our very first meeting with the newest members what they would title their book if they made it big A TON of people including myself said something to do with being busy not having enough time etc My specific title was To Do List Make a ToDo List 3 Useful vagueness the term stress is too broadly defined in our culture therefore we lack coping methods to deal with all the perceived stress 4 Ubiquitous stress a misconception that stress is imbedded in all things when the fact of the matter is that hard core stress effects only very little proportions of the population Class Notes Tuesday September 8th 2015 Class Notes This set of class notes dives into the readings in chapter 3 a closer look at other sources such as the NOSFt data NIMH statistics and the WMH studies We also continue to watch our movie Blue Jasmine DefinitionsPrevaence is the proportion of the population that are found to have a condition In our case this condition is a mental health illness Mental illness is the most serious when it is one serious mental illness or more than one mental illness occurring in the same setting This term is called a comorbid disorder NOSR data We discuss from the NCSR data that it is very similar in make up to the one that is portrayed in the book however a little more up to date It is looking to lifetime prevalence or to be more clear the likelihood that someone will develop sed disease over the span of their lifetime For any anxiety disorder it is 312 any mood disorder 214 any impulse control disorder 250 any substance disorder 353 and any disorder is 574 NIMH data For this data we were very concerned with the age cohort in lifetime prevalence We looked to any disorder among children and the lifetime prevalence of any mental disorder was 463 and lifetime prevalence of a severe disorder was 214 When you look at any mental illness among adults the overall prevalence is 185 In our book it does state that typically mental health issues are diagnosed earlyhave early onset However the age gap between adults and children seems way to high to yield such higher results Trends in Treatment The medicalization of society has helped the stigmas of mental illness It has made the term more normal in society and therefore people feel more comfortable with their problem and going to seek medical treatment for it However interestingly people tend to not go to specialized psychiatrists or psychologists first They simply go to their practitioner It is also interesting to note that in the past psychiatry was used as a remedy to mental illness way more than medication was It was posed in our class discussion that 1 Medication is necessary for serious mental illness but is it necessary to give children with anxiety or depression 2Could psychiatry work better than medication in more mild cases of mental illness 3What does the role of medicine in our society say about coping with problems Thursday September 10th 2015 During this class we had our first topic in charge focusing on Stress and PTSD Then we got into some powerpoint slides from Dr Gong about the two way classification model and social support Social Suoport Gaping Social support doesn t exactly eliminate the stress but it helps one cope with the stressors that lead to the stress of the body and can also provide a better coping mechanism than could do previously without social support Social support matters more when stress is high 1 Social relations 2 lnstru mental 3 Active 4 Material 5Perceived this type of support is more important than actual support that is given For example I am in a sorority A positive aspect you hear about greek life in general is that the organization gives you over 100 girls that will have your back day or night no matter what When you join a sisterhood you gain a network of people that will listen Even if you don t ever talk to them about your problems the fact that you can is what makes it so moving 6 Structural more vulnerable groups are less likely to receive help 7 Received Posed questionsreasearch for the future New target populations such as gender dysphoria recently married gaylesbian couples transgender or agender community should be studied to see how they cope with stressors
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