Week 3 Notes
Week 3 Notes PACS 2000
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Andrew Chicotel on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PACS 2000 at Bowling Green State University taught by Ian Young in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO PEACE AND CONFLICT STUDIES in Political Science at Bowling Green State University.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
Week 3 Why War 3 Chris Hedges journalist war correspondent If War is so bad why do we keep doing it One Answer because we have no other choice ght or die How many really go to war under these circumstances Another answer we enjoy it What do we get out of it Hedges Bene ts of War Comradeship Excitement Living on the edge Spectacle Drama being quotPart of Historyquot Different from ordinary life makes life matter Sense of higher moral purpose sacri ce for a noble cause freedom justice a quotcrusadequot World as black and white good guys vs bad guys lrving janis quotVictims of Groupthinkquot Who decides to go to war Commons answer peoples ex Germans decided to go to war with France More accurately a small decision making group Implication we need to look at decisionmaking processes in such groups How do they reach such decisions What is groupthink A mode of thinking in which people are deeply involved in a cohesive ingroup Where members are striving for unanimity Override their motivation to realistically appraise alternative courses of action Defects in decision making under groupthink Limited alternative actions are considered Failure to reexamine initially preferred course of action Failure to reexamine initially rejected courses of action Failure to obtain views from outside experts Selective bias in reaction to judgements from outside critics Lack of contingency plans for unforeseen outcomes P P PP N Resource Con ict as a cause of war Long history why is it different now Growing population Globalization Resource Depletion Climate Change Forms of Struggles over Resources Territory Access Allocation Revenue Reducing Resource Con ict Conservation and Reduction Technology Joint Development