Popular in People and Environment (I)
Popular in Social Work
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Torres on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 310 at Michigan State University taught by Dr. Lucero Radonic in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see People and Environment (I) in Social Work at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
Lecture 2 0 Economy is not defined by money So what do we use money for A medium that we use to get what we need 0 Economies therefore are a cultural system that allows you to survive Economy helps us adapt to the environment 0 What are the elements of the environment Productions consumption and Distributionexchange 1 The way in which a culture handles production and distribution impacts our daily life 2 Important terms Mode of production The various ways in which people produce the means of subsistence to survive This includes social relations of production that indicate how labor is displayed and how they are managed Means of production The tools we use to produce Land wood machinery etc 0 When we think about modes of production we can think also about adaptive strategies Main system of economic production 1 Foraging Main adaptive strategy Reliance of nature Hunting fishing and gathering Many indigenous population still use this Modern Foragers are not independent of the modern world Foragers Live in small social groups This groups are seminomads They move with the seasons They share resources There is not much differentiation between social classes All the decisions happen in consent 2 Horticulture Refers to shifting cultivations or domestication of plants There are many ways of doing this Slash and burn agriculture Means cultivate only a part Of the land and then letting it rest It is enough for a family but not for an entire population There is trade and exchange 3 Agriculture Complete intense production of domesticated plants Examples Machupichu created terraces to grow food Systems for food production Animal domestication Use animals for Food production Irrigation Terraces Intensive fertilization People are sedentary They are able to feed a large population Labor intensive gt This system creates a ranked social organization Diversification and stratification of labor 4 Pastoralism Domestication of animals Supplemented by hunting You can be a nomad or you can be transhumance Which means that only the people that take care of the animals move Also live in small groups 5 lndustrialism This are characteristic from nonindustrial societies They are not exclusive not linear Forms of distribution and exchange 0 Reciprocity You don t expect an immediate return but eventually you will get the favor back 6 It is not generalized 7 There are 3 forms of reciprocity i Generalized ii Balanced iii Negative 0 Redistribution Taxes are system of redistribution because you give money that then is distributed for things that we all use 0 Market exchange Standardized and common medium of exchange What we call money
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