Week 1 Notes: Rel Studies Intro
Week 1 Notes: Rel Studies Intro RELSTDS 102
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Bronge on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to RELSTDS 102 at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh taught by Dr. Jeffrey Kaplan in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 217 views. For similar materials see World Religions in Religious Studies at University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
Religious Studies 102 Notes 91515 Enshallah If God lived quotGod is willingquot Intro Early De nitions of Religion Religion is an ordered pattern of myths and symbols which allow people to put an order to a disordered universe We cannot stand chaos it gives us something to follow they came about to explain the unexplainable and do it in symbolic language Sacred Engagement This goes past just believing in Christianity this accepts any kind of religion This included not only monotheistic One God but also includes in the de nition of religion tribal societies where some have many or no Gods Religion includes patterns of behavior but also patterns of language Sin Fate and thought leave everyday life and come together away from the chaos Sometimes an integral part of a culture Islamic State means that entity that has declared itself as a state It has people coming from all over the world just to become a part of the Islamic State It gives those people a place that they feel really belongs Religious experience may be expressed in visual symbols The Cross Dance and Performance stories formal ceremonies meditative techniques and detailed rules of ethical conducts and law Almost anything that claims to be a religion is but there has to be some lines drawn Objection from the Military Amish Americans Video Separate themselves from the modern world Certain criteria of clothing Almost live a backwards life Muhammad Ali Nation of Islam refused to go to war with his religion Not taken well stripped of title Should that be allowed Refusal to salute the ag jehovah39s Witness39s refused to salute during the beginning of WWII Flag burning blew up during the Vietnam War Freedom of Speech quotBong hits forJesusquot Video Numbers of Christian Churches supported his freedom of speech Crazy guy who stands outside of Polk yelling at people Should that be allowed Cutting Tribal Marks into the skin or female circumcision If it is a part off their culture in Sudan and when they come here should they still be able to let that happen without it being considered Child Abuse Notes from Reading Chapter One What is Religion Key Characteristics of Religion Religious Views usually get passed on by family and usually has a sacred book that each person follows Shinto does not and neither does Buddhism no book or person to worship Religion quotto joinquot or quotto connectquot joining our human world with the sacred world NO exact de nition though most people adjust to their own de nition Most Religions follow eight elements Pg 67 The Sacred Each religion has their own form of mystery Monotheism quotOne Godquot Transcendent unlimited by the world and all ordinary reality Pantheism quot All Divinequot Polytheism worship the sacred reality of many coexisting Gods Atheism deny existence of any Gods Agnosticism to argue that the existence of God cannot be proven Nontheism simply take no position Religious Symbolism Religions express truth symbolically Holy Water the Sun our own personal dreams used to be seen as a key to the future Carl Gustav Jung extended the symbol focused method of dream interpretation to interpretation of religion Fought for his beliefs of religion being a noble response to the complexity and depth of reality Many of the same symbols may even be seen In different religions like water for instance Speculations on the Sources of Religion Religion helps many human needs from coping to even just dealing with morality Also provides some sort of healthy structure to follow and helps us relate to the unknown universe around us E B Tylor believed religion was tied to spirit worship James Frazer identi ed religion as a middle stage of magic and science Sigmund Freud Belief in God or Gods arises from the long lasting impressions made on adults during their childhood experiences Karl Marx spoke his idea of religion being a symptom of the sickness of society the need for it would soon dissolve as time went on Animism a worldview that sees all elements of nature as being lled with spirit or spirits Patterns among Religions First Pattern Views of the world and life 0 Nature of Sacred Reality I Pg 14 0 Nature of the Universe I Personal creator who began universe Others view universe as being eternal 0 Human attitude toward Nature I Some religious schools see Nature as evil or gross In some forms of Christianity a belief of dualism may be formed where they see nature as sacred and needs no changes 0 Time I Time seen as moving linear in Judaism Christianity and Islam Buddhism believes in Cyclical 0 Human Purpose I Judaism Christianity and Islam see humans as a midpoint between good and evil We need humans to help between the struggles of forces In Daoism and Shinto humans are seen as a small part of the natural universe 0 Words and Scriptures I Judaism Christianity Islam and Hinduism Pass traditions primarily orally Daoism and Zen Buddhism value silence and wordless meditation 0 Exclusiveness and inclusiveness I Judaism Christianity and Islam make it dif cult to belong to any other religion other than their own Buddhism Daoism and Confucianism encourage social harmony and following more than one option Second Pattern Focus on Beliefs and Practices 0 Sacramental Orientation Emphasizes carrying out rituals and ceremonies regularly o Prophetic Orientation Stresses that contact with the sacred is ensured by proper belief and by adherence to moral rules 0 Mystical Orientation Seeks Union with a reality greater than one s self such as with God the process of nature the universe or reality as a whole Third Pattern Views of Male and Female Women39s most signi cant female deity was particularly associated with fertility and motherhood Male dominance in religion might have grown just by the growth of city states The New Testament creates contradictory saying quotAdam was created before Evequot Explaining with an obvious purpose of wanting men dominant Multidisciplinary Approaches to the study of Religion 8 common approaches Pg 2021 The Study of Religion 0 Most Religions are based off of tradition but as time has been evolving it has further expanded New perspectives and advanced movements have changed some perceptions of beliefs Why study the major religions of the world Our decisions on why to study any type of religion Read options Pg 26 28