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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Torres on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 310 at Michigan State University taught by Dr. Lucero Radonic in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see People and Environment (I) in Social Work at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
Lecture 4 Human Adaptability Strategies Are cultural systems of adaptation to the environment We use resources to survive How are people adapting to the environment Evolutionary adaptation Genetic adaptation Changes in gene frequency that will help you adapt a particular environment 1 Charles Darwin Natural selection Survival of the ttest not survival of the t person it means survival of the most reproductive Some individuals have a genetic advantage that help them reproduce in certain environments Meaning that thy will be able to transmit their genes 0 Non genetic forms of adaptability 2 Phenotypic plasticity the ability of an organism to change in phenotype because of the environment 3 Interaction between the environment and the genotype We change something in our external appearance or behavior with the environment Example growing a six pack Human adaptability focuses in how we change in environment to survive It emphasizes the plasticity of human response to any environment 1940 Environmental determinism environment determines culture 1 Colonial empires Environment made some cultures superior and other inferior The environment dictated how cultures adapt 2 Environment is an all determining force and the cultures where completely ignored Culture is highly adaptive Most environments have been modi es by humans Cultures in uence other cultures 0 Environment does not dictate culture but it in uences it Environmental determinism means that people who live in the same environment should have the same culture Cutura Ecology Study how society adapts to the environment 0 Studies cutura adaptation to the environment PROBLEM Do humans have to adjust to the environment with a speci c type of behavior or are they options 1 Every human needs to survive 2 First he analyzed how people organized their labor their technology and the social and political organization how we organize this 0 METHOD 1 Analyze the relationship between the subsistence system and the environment 2 Analyze behaviors associates with subsistence technology 3 Connect the previous aspects to the rest of the culture Unilineal evolution is unproved Check lecture one notes Multilinear evolution Cultures produce subsistence adaptations Societies progress at different paces There are different paths of progression Not every culture fallows the same steps The path and the pace depends a lot of the environment because not everyone has the same resources available ECOLOGICAL ANTH ROPO LOGY Study the role of cultural practices and beliefs in enabling human populations to adopt to environment and maintain undegraded local ecosystem The ecosystem concept Humans are part of the ecosystem What in uence animals also in uence us We are not only part of the environment but we are also part of the larger ecosystem Dynamic equilibrium Case study The Kaiko ceremony Build relationships with other communities Once a year they created a caloric exchange but the rest of the year they survived from horticulture Kaiko Pig slaughter and feast This ritual was a cultural adaptation apem Over emphasis on energetic ows and measuring calorine Emphasis on homeostasis They were concerned with the populations but not with the individual Problem de ning the boundaries system
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