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by: Grace Lai
Grace Lai
GPA 3.945
Introduction to Sociology
Authur Paris

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Introduction to Sociology
Authur Paris
One Day of Notes
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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Grace Lai on Wednesday September 10, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 101 at Arizona State University taught by Authur Paris in 2014. Since its upload, it has received 472 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Arizona State University.


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Date Created: 09/10/14
Part 5 Groups and Social Structure 1 The basic components of social structure are the roles and social statuses of individuals 2 A status is a social position an individual holds within a group or a social system 3 A role is a set of expectations about the behavior assigned to a particular social status Each role helps to define the nature of interaction with others and contribute to social organization by creating patterns of interpersonal and group relationships Article 17 the birth of the intravidual Author Dalton Conley a professor of sociology and senior provost in NYU Conley exams how the self and our identities have changed greatly in relationship to groups in the larger social structure of society Published in 2009 book Elsewhere USA How We got from the company man family dinners and the a luent society to the home o ice blackberry moms and economic anxiety Intravidual intervidual Before the intravidual could come about in social history the individual had to arrive on the scene According to Georg Simmel premodern society is characterized by concentric group affiliations Modern society is characterized by sets of overlapping affiliations that may be unique to each person Through membership in many disparate groups we become individuated The networked economy and society has made us intraviduals by breaking down physical barriers to group affiliation The creation of the individual self in this process was a twoway street I choose to affiliate with certain groups Those groups are pervasive they do little to distinguish me as an individual It is only when the groups don t match up when we are confronted with difference and when those differences are multifaceted that the individual emerges These disjunctures means that we need to see ourselves as others see us in our social calculations Self re ectiveness and thus individualism and the social self arises from creating an objective view of ourselves when we are forced into the exercise of seeing us as others In modern society group members shifted to include seemingly voluntarily associations There must be some preexisting self that throws off the chains of ascription For the most part the boundaries of social groups on these online networks has become so diluted as to lose all exclusively And with no exclusively there is no meaning to the group No meaning to the group then no meaning to the identity No identity then no self The core of the system however remains the notion that I will like what others who have similar tastes have recommended The connected economy then does not merely facilitate sameness and the diffusion the hits Our individuality comes from the unique intersection of groups that we embody We create a situation of group of one myself in which my uniqueness fails to create an individual because it is not created from the overlap of meaningful groups of others but rather from a formula based on purchases recommending purchases Privacy as we knew it was predicted on a certain division between front stage and back stage The front stage is where everyone knows and expects social life to follow a patterned structure Back stage is where we can be ourselves where we may let others peek in once in a while to see the authentic self Social relations for the sake of gaining additional social relations Milgram the basis of our common day notion of six degrees of separation the idea that any two people in the world can be connected through only six people The notion of the small worlds that are totally interconnected It works because particular individuals act as connectors across huge swaths of social space thereby making social networks scale free It is often week ties that turn out to be quite valuable because they bring new information This weak provides the most opportunities especially for job researches Each structural hole gap between people and groups in our personal social network is worth money and power The more information that has to ow through you the more you can profit from the information gap Damon Centola when we want to change our behavior in ways that aren t so easy it is the strong ties that matter Article 18 Peer Power Clique Dynamics among School Children Author Patricia Adler a professor of sociology at the University of Colorado at Boulder Peter Adler a professor of sociology at the University of Denver Published Peer Power 1998 Research method Ethnographic research This study examines an aspect of social structure called primary groups A Primary group is a small intimate informal group of people like a family a friendship clique or a small group of work colleagues Primary group emerges when people live or work closely together Cliques have a hierarchical structure being dominated by leaders and are exclusive in nature so that not all individuals who desire membership are accepted Techniques of Inclusion Not static entities cliques irregularly shifted and evolved their membership as individuals moved away or were ejected from the group and others took their places Leaders derived power through their popularities and then used it to in uence membership and social stratification within the group Cliques composed of people who were hierarchically ranked into levels of leaders followers and wannabes Recruitment Timing was critical to recruitment The beginning of the year when classes were being reconstructed and people formed new social configurations was the major time when cliques considered additions This usually means separating people from their established friends It was not until they has the new person firmly committed to the group that the shifts in behavior associated with leaders dominance and status stratification activities began Ederl985 also notes that popular girls are often disliked by unpopular people because of their exclusive and elitist manner Application A second way for individuals to gain initial membership into a clique occurred through their actively seeking entry Blau 1964 Successful membership applicants often experienced a urry of immediate popularity Because their entry required clique leaders approval they gained associated status Friendship Realignment


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