Chapter 2 Psyc 3318
Popular in Abnormal Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Dykes on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 3318 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Dr. Gatchel in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Texas at Arlington.
Reviews for Chapter 2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/21/15
Psych 3318 9915 and 91415 Lectures and book notes 1 2 Chapter 2 An Integrative Approach to Psychopathology Onedimensional vs Multidimensional Models a Onedimensional models i Explain behavior in terms of a single cause ii Could mean a paradigm school or conceptual approach iii Tend to ignore information from other areas iv Example explaining OCD as the result of family history alone Multidimensional models i Interdisciplinary eclectic and integrative Major in uences i Biological behavioral emotional social cultural developmental and environment Genetic contributions a Phenotype vs genotype b Nature of genes i DNA ii 23 pairs of chromosomes iii Dominant vs recessive genes iv Development and behavior is often polygenic c Genetic contribution of psychopathology i Less than 50 b c 3 The interaction of genetic and environmental factors 4 a Diathesisstress model depends on a person s vulnerability to get the disorder b reciprocal geneenvironment model c epigenetics and the nongenomic inheritance on behavior Neuroscience contributions to psychopathy a The eld of neuroscience i The role of the nervous system in disease and behavior ii Branches of the human nervous system 1Centra nervous system CNS aBrain and spinal cord i Hindbrain 1 Medulla 2 Pons 3 Cerebellum iiMidbrain iii iV Limbic system Forebrain v Lobes of the cerebral cortex bThe neuron i Operate electrically but communicate chemically 1 Neurotransmitters are the chemical messengers 2Peripheral nervous system PNS aSomatic and autonomic branches i Somaticvoluntary iiAutonomic involuntary iii Afferent and efferent signals 1Afferent signals go to the brain efferent signals go away from the brain b The endocrine system i Regulates hormones chemical messengers produced by the endocrine system c Neurotransmitters i Chemical messages sent between brain cells ii Main types 1Serotonin processing behavior mood and thoughts 2Glutamateturns on many different neurons leading to an action 3GABAinhibits the transmission of information 4Dopamine implicated in depression and ADHD 5Norepinephrine aka noradrenaline ght or ight re ex d Treatments for mental health problems now focus on the brain regions found to be relevant for these problems e Psychotherapy i Also can change brain structure and function ii Medications and psychotherapy are often used together 5 The contributions of behavioral and cognitive science a Other types of learning i Respondent and operant learning ii Learned helplessness iii Social learning 1Modeling and observational learning iv Prepared learning 6 The role of emotion in psychopathology a The nature of emotion i To elicit or evoke action b The components of emotion i Behavior physiology and cognition ii Example of fear anxious thoughts elevated heart rate tendency to ee c Harmful side of emotion dysregulation i Emotions like anger hostility sadness and anxiety play a key role in psychopathology ii Some emotions eg chronic hostile arousal and emotion suppression can have negative health consequences d Cultural social and interpersonal factors i Social and interpersonal in uences profoundly affect both psychological disorders and biology e Lifespan development i In considering a multidimensional integrative approach to psychopathology it is important to remember the principle of equi nality which reminds us that we must consider the various paths to a particular outcome not just the result
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'