Al-Ghazali, Islam and knowledge.
Al-Ghazali, Islam and knowledge. Middle East Humanities MENA 160A2
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by juan gomez on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Middle East Humanities MENA 160A2 at University of Arizona taught by Yaseen Noorani in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 294 views. For similar materials see Middle Eastern Humanities in Language at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
September 14 2015 Islam and Knowledge 0 Love Poetry 0 Ghazal came from rst part of qasida Major genre in most Islamic languages Early Islamic Music Lover poet is heroic but not in the same way chaste ghazal and explicit ghazal Chaste ghazal famous couples eg Majnun and Layla Pining away never get together Umar Poem Heroism Upside down 0 Poet has no restraint ie selfcontrol Is this your way to be always so reckless Do you not feel shame or restrain yourself or deliberate o Poet is led only by uncontrollable passions Indeed yearning and desire led me to you without anyone perceiving o The secret he may arise and walk among us unrecognized so that our secret does not escape nor he appear 0 Why does the poet become a woman Passion Restraint o Desire chaos 0 Dangerous but goodnecessary o Selfcontrol of desire is heroism morality and communal values 0 Heroism conformity 0 Love ephemeral Deadend 0 Islamic thought Sunnism and Shi ism 0 First 4 Caliphs Abu Bakr Umar Uthman Ali Abu Bakr chosen to be leader Ali was wanted as leader 0 Succession to Prophet o Majority gt Sunnis Wanted Abu Bakr as leader OOOOOO Leader should do nothing religious 0 Followers of Ali gt Shi a Wanted Ali as leader Leader has special religious position God wants this person as a leader of the Muslims Sunnis Caliph can be like a king 0 Shi a lmamate Leader must be descendant of the prophet Ali married to prophet s daughter 0 Family of Ali direct descendants to prophet They are supposed to be leaders lmam means leader 0 Special leader 0 Leader does no wrong 0 Special knowledge on god Mainstream Shi a 12 lmams lsma ili Shi a Series of lmams o Fatimids Gained power in Africa Took over Egypt Had a kingdomempire Had appealing political propaganda 0 Islamic Intellectual Traditions 0 Islamic Law How to live How you conduct business How to treat other people Right way of pray Different principles Huge eld of study 0 Theology Study of Religion Day ofjudgement Whether we have a soul Study of god What is God 0 Philosophy and the sciences O OO Included sciences 0 Political thought People thought if stuff was necessary Sunni Orthodoxy 0 Islamic law 4 legal schools 0 Theology orthodox beliefs What are considered to be correct beliefs Certain beliefs considered important 0 Human free will is limited 0 People are judged by what they do 0 They are not fully controlled by god Quran is literal o Literal word of god 0 Words of god must have always been there 0 Words of god are eternal 0 Everything comes from God 0 All evil and good comes from god or is created by god 0 Politics 0 Madrasa school system Schools to train people in Islamic law Beforehand they went to informal classes Schools were set up in order to teach people formally o Su sm after alGhazali Kind of attitude Set of practices Su sm o SunniorShVi o Asceticism devotion in Islam 0 Love love of God detachment Most important thing Being obedient Not doing something for yourself all you do is for God 0 Su gures O O O Gnosis Kind of knowledge beyond personal perspective AlHallaj quotI am the Truthquot Being punished Was executed for the stuff he said Mystical States devotion music meditation ascetic practices Tension with mainstream scholars Divine nature of the soul 0 AlGhazali 0 00000000 0 1058 to 1111 Nishapur Seljuk empire Crusades Abbasid Caliphate Nizam alMulk madrasa Fatimid countercaliphate Philosophy Shi i versions AlGhazali Law and Theology Su sm and the mainstream Philosophical ideas Su sm orthodox beliefs 0 AlGhazali s arguments O O OO Multiplicity of doctrines certainty Taqlid Blindly follow what people around you are telling you to do Blindly follow authority Senses Intellect Higher form of knowledge then intellect Prophecies Some type of illumination from source of the way things are Math and Logic Achieve certainty Higher mode of perception Su s have higher form of perception Achieve certainty Su masters O Famous gures People who are always living You can take as your master Follow their guidance Have higher knowledge and mystical experience Mystical experience 0 AlGhazali s selfrepresentation 0 00000 O Biographical form Narrative mechanism personal crisis Failed identity personal desires and social position True self amp desires False social integration Quest for certainty Su sm o AlGhazali argued against 0 O O 0 Ordinary beliefs Taqlid Theologians Philosophers Shi a quotauthoritative instruction batiniyyaquot Rabi a as a female Su O O O O O 0 Bio Basra 8th century Persian poet and Su Farid al din attar 13th century Outside of society Left behind her womanhood Permanently liminal Role model for women Female as Su master
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