Language/Delivery COM 101H
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aimee Kalczuk on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to COM 101H at Central Michigan University taught by Papa, Wendy in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Communication in Journalism and Mass Communications at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
Lang uageDelivery Blackboard Language Words have two types of meanings Denotative The direct meaning of the word Ex Night means the time after sunset Connotative The thoughts and emotions associated with the word Ex Night can mean darkness or fear Choose words based on your goal If you want to give an emotional speech use connotative words If it is a scienti c or emotional speech use the denotative forms of words Choose words carefully using the wrong word can make the audience confused or embarrass yourself Ex The words done nished and accomplished all mean the same thing but can be very different in different contexts In order to use language clearly make sure to Use familiar words Use concrete words instead of abstract ones Avoid wordiness Use descriptive language to keep the audience interested lmagery similes and metaphors are good tools Keep rhythm with parallelism repetition alliteration and antithesis Use language appropriately by making sure your language is appropriate for the audience context topic and yourself Use inclusive language Eiminate the generic he use humankind instead of mankind and remove gender norms and stereotypes Make sure to be sensitive to race religion economic and social status sexuality and any other differences between people Chapter 4 Delivery Rules of delivery Be enthusiastic natural and con dent Methods of delivery Manuscript Writing out a speech wordforword and reading it to an audience Ex a presidential speech Memorized Usually short speeches such as toasts or acceptance speeches Should sound natural not like a manuscript Extemporaneous Using a brief outline to guide you when giving your speech Ex A class speech Makes you more con dent but not as detailed as a manuscript lmpromptu No preparation whatsoever Ex Being asked to give a few words at a wedding spur of the moment How to use your voice Keep your voice audible Microphones are handy but not always available Speak from your diaphragm Adjust volume when trying to create emotion Alter your pitch to show emotion as well Keep your rate slow and make sure people can understand you Don t talk too fast but also don t go so slow that people get bored Make sure to pronounce words correctly Even if people know what you mean you might lose credibility if you mispronounce words Articulate your words so people can understand you Make use of your body while giving a speech Moving around while speaking keeps audiences interested and gives you con dence It can also help you remember cues if you practice saying something and taking a step at the same time Use gestures like hand motions to keep the speech natural and not be too stiff but try not to gesture wildly or you will appear nervous or distract the audience Maintain eye contact for credibility and con dence Practice makes perfect Practice your speech aloud exactly as you would give it in front of an audience full voice gestures movement everything Alter your preparation outline into a speaking one and practice with that Practice aloud AT LEAST four times Refine your delivery and make changes to make it better Make the environment similar to how it will be in class even if that means practicing in front of an empty classroom or a group of friends Questions from the audience Be prepared Think of possible questions and have answers ready and practice delivering those answers Manage the questionandanswer session by being positive with each question listen to the question carefully direct the question to the whole audience and be honest with the answer even if that means saying that you do not know but you will look it up and get back to them