The Republic Notes Book 4
The Republic Notes Book 4 POSC 1030
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Quinn Riley on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POSC 1030 at Clemson University taught by Dr. Brandon Turner in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 76 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Political Theory in Political Science at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
The Republic of Plato Book 4 There are still questions pertaining to the 2nCI iteration of the city that must be answered Reexamination of the question quotwhy be justquot What is individual justice What is justice for a city In context with the thumotic de nition of power what is the point of it Why have no luxuries Ring of Gyges remember that people will do injustice if there is impunity Socrates asserts that just men are happy DUE TO THE FACT that the thumotic type of soul is motivated by qualitatively different desires Honorloving people will be the happiest they will live the purest lives The city will be happy if the status quo of classes in maintained cannot mix Where within the city is wisdom Wisdom lays within good counsel The guardian class are the best of thumotic people and therefore they rule The best part of the city is also the best part of the individual Courage is found in the auxiliaries They exhibit temperance doing something in the appropriate amount applies also to the appetitive class because they take their instruction from the better class Exhibit effective restraint Where is justice Understood up to this point each person does what they were born to do minds their own business specialization Justice generates the others Specialization yields that appetitive desires stay to appetitive class 0 Wise people are therefore in the position to counsel 0 Courageous people are therefore in the position to protect auxiliaries Those with the disposition of wellorderedness justice Blend of guardian life anoikianot house ascetesdon t desire things Justice in the soul 0 The trifurcated soul 0 Nature of the division 0 Rational logistikon logos o lrrational appetitive o Spirited thumos will force 0 Example Leonchis o A man is walking along the wall connecting the Piraeus to the city and he is deeply con icted as to whether or not he should look at the dead bodies 0 He feels that this is impious 0 Evidence of the reason and appetites at odds within him he lacks spirit and will 0 The rule of the guardians is enforcedwilled by the auxiliary class 0 Exerted onto the 1st class of appetitive people for them to model 0 The just soul is ruled by logistikon o Composes elements of judgments 0 Understanding of right and wrong 0 The end of Book 4 elicits the view from above Socrates is about to give the element of wisdom to the city
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