Week 2 Lecture Notes - Social Research 1
Week 2 Lecture Notes - Social Research 1 SOCIOL 2950 - 01
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Twehous on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCIOL 2950 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Joan Hermsen in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Social Research 1 in Sociology at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
831 Notes week 2 Foundations of Social Research Part 2 Why do research 0 Identify general patternsrelationships 0 example teen fathers tend to deflect responsibility for parenthood 0 Test refine advance new theory 0 example bargaining amp division of household labor 0 example religion amp divorce 0 Make predictions quotbroad projection of possibilitiesquot 0 requires knowledge of history 0 permits solid leads on what theh consequences will be when a phenomena occurs I example when high unemployment rates increase fertility rates are expected to decrease o Interpret culturally or historically significant phenomena 0 focus on specific situations or events 0 example understand how Black Lives Matter movement organizing occured through social media twitter facebook 0 example understand how legislation focused on equal employment opportunity came to be passed in the 1960s1970s 0 Explore diversity of social worlds 0 look beyond common patterns to highlight groups events experiences that we do not know as much about 0 examples second generation immigrant assimilation boomtown employment patterns midlife motherhood 0 Give voice 0 emphasis is on marginalized or quotinvisiblequot groups with idea that all groups have story to tell that will expand our understanding of the social world research is often done through ethnography or qualitative interviews example experience of black college students on predominately white campus example experience of executive level career women Approaches to Specific Research Projects Explore Describe Explain Three primary reasons for EXPLORATORY research Satisfy curiosity about something Develop methods to use in future related study pilot study Test feasibility of undertaking a more extensive study pilot study 0 Strengths o Often an opportunity to investigate a topic we know little about without having to invest in a significant amount of time or money 0 Chance to figure out where match of concept gt variable gt measure is good and where it needs rethinking 0 Interesting theoretical insights can emerge 0 Can lead to future descriptive and explanatory studies 0 Weaknesses o Seldom provide a satisfactory answer to research questions I usually left wanting more or different info I sample may not be representative of groupcases you want to study Foundations of Social Research Part 2 continued Approaches to Specific Research Projects Explore Describe Explain o What is description Careful and deliberate observations of the social world 1 Descriptions may be based on o numerical data I eg CDC data on estimates of population wiith alopecia o textual data I eg posts to a website for women with hair loss 0 interview data I eg interviews with persons with hair loss from chemotherapy o observational data I eg observing interactions in a wig supply store Strengths o Descriptions made through a systematic process are more accurate than those generated through casual observation 0 We have better knowledge of the quotwhat where whenquot of a social phenomena than we did before the study Weaknesses 0 Descriptive research does not try to quotexplainquot that which is described we often know little about why the phenomena occur 2 Explanatory studies focus on quotwhyquot or quothowquot something occured 0 Theory informs explanations 0 Prior research informs explanations Strengths 0 Advances our understanding of why the social world operates as it does and why social lives come to be lived as they are in a patterned manner 0 Better able to solve problems if we understand the factors that give rise to the problems Weaknesses or rather when explanation is not warranted 0 Not all situations warrant understanding the quotwhyquot of a phenomena especially if the client wants to develop their own understanding of quotwhyquot based on their own knowledge or experience or goals Sample Research topic Support for the legalization of marijuana 0 Descriptive studv Who supports the legalization of marijuana ls support widespread across social groups Has support changed over time Explanatory study Why do some people support legal marijuana and others not crosssectional Why has support for the legalization of marijuana increased overtime trend analysis Activity Topic exercise by MU students What are descriptive research questions you could ask about this topic Which students use the rec to exercise Why do some students Are students with higher gpas more likely to exercise or not Theory is Integral to Social Science Research Research involves a contstant interplay between theory and data Theory informs data and data inform theory Theory underlies the entire research process guiding Formulations of research questions Choices about how to conduct a study Interpretation data Deductive Logic of Inquiry 0 Process moves from theory to hypothesis to data 0 Reflects a topdown approach from the abstract theory to the concrete data 0 A hypothesis is an expected relationship between phenomena derived from theory and tested with with Exercise Among College Students 0 Timer Perspective Theory quotindividuals adhering to future time Inductive Logic of Inquiry
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