Week 2 Lecture Notes - Recent Theories in Sociology
Week 2 Lecture Notes - Recent Theories in Sociology SOCIOL 3100 - 01
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SOCIOL 3100 - 01
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SOCIOL 2950 - 01
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Twehous on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCIOL 3100 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Kara McGhee in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Recent Theories in Sociology in Sociology at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
93 Notes week 2 Marxist Philosophy Overview We are moving from a local point of view to a worldwide Profit and accumulation of capital is associated with progress Crisis of abundance vs Crisis of scarcity having too much of something is a different set of problems that is new whereas having too little of something had been the societal trend until this time Marx talks about the rise of production and the end of feudalism Marx is focused on capitalism as a progress Feudalism A man would work on a farm and work for a small pay Everybody had their place there wasn39t much movement Owners would make a profit off of their workers Enclosure Movements when we made this shift to industrial capitalism there were many misplaced workers this movement was the closing of manors Land that people use to share and use communally was now going to be owned by the government Industrial Revolution 17501900 Ecolooical Location 0 Scientists have named and catalogued 13 million species 0 An estimated of 87 mllion species on the planet 0 Species a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding o 1900 biomass of wild mammals was about to equal to human biomass o 97 of vertebrate biomass is now the form of humans and their domesticated animals World Population has continually grown since we eliminated infant mortalities and made sure that most everybody can live longer Growth is seen more in less developed countries in certain societies children are an incentive or a deincentive for economic growth Per Capita Annual Energy Consumption we consume most energy besides canada but we39re not the largest or fastest growing Wealth and Ecology Wealth and affluence among nations are highly correlated with environmental degradation Critical Advocacy Research the researcher participates in social change efforts while also collecting data Progress is measured in terms of gdpprofit but the countries with those highest gdps are doing most damage to earth 0 Therefore progress is correlated with environmental degradation Epicurus Greek philosopher 341 BC 270 BC 0 Marx wrote his dissertation from Epicurus39 ideas of materialism Hegel German philosopher 17701831 0 his theory was idealism Marx disagreed with idealism I idealism is that perception is reality whatever the mind decides it is is This is true but Marx argued this because he said that thoughts are material because people are material Enlightenment 1600s1700s 0 Bacon Descartes Locke Voltaire Kant people that Marx was in conversation with Marxist Philosophy Ecology sociology economics he helped shape those into what they are today Historical materialism how Marx tries to explain social change Dialectic materialism reality comes from material condition The quotfacts of lifequot humans all experience life death reproduction we have a dependence on the biosphere Metabolic functions the evolving relationship between humans and nature Evolution DanNin wrote at the same time as Marx biological evolution vs Marx historical evolution Philosophy for whom Marx wanted to make a philosophy for the working class Estranged Labour Political economy power and resources resource distribution in society material or symbolic what is society organized around Who gets to power Commodity something that can be bought and sold on the marketplace Property ownerspropertyless power is given to those who own property Alienation comes about by the relation to the worker and their boss your labor is not your own your labor is a commodity workers are dispensable 0 Species being private property alienates us from our natural environment and our process of the facts of life life death reproduction Marx the state is there to protect private property the taking of dead wood is now conisered stealing everything EVEN TREES are a commodity industrial revolution turned things of the earth into commodities Camera Obscura 1846 o Consciousness humans thinking 0 Ideology concepts Marx would say both of these things are material how you see the world is rooted in your life experience the concepts we use has material consequences Manifesto of Class Struggle 0 What39s the worker39s catch 22 o What are the inherent contradictions of capitalism