Basic Musical Skills
Basic Musical Skills MUSI 1310
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Luisa Stoltenberg on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MUSI 1310 at University of Virginia taught by Nicholas Rubin in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see /class/209553/musi-1310-university-of-virginia in Music at University of Virginia.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
Chapter 12 Triads in a Musical Context 472009 11100 PM Labeling Triads o Roman numeral analysis is the preferred method in theoretical discussions of music when an understanding of the relationship between the triads is significant o Chord symbol identi cation appears most frequently as a performing system in popular music jazz and rock o Guitar tablature identifies triads for guitar players indicating how to produce the desired chord Roman Numeral Analysis o Uppercase and lowercase roman numerals identify both the scale degree on which a triad is built as well as the quality of each particular triad Chord Symbols o Letter name of the triad is substituted for the roman numeral o No longer indicates the relationship of the various triads to the key o Conveys triad information more directly and is useful in a variety of performing situations Guitar Tablature o Tells guitar players what physical action to make in order to produce the desired triad o Unlike musical staff notation which is a visual representation of the actual sound tablature tells us how to go about making that sound o Usually appears above the melody line of a song and uses small diagrams such as the following to indicate the appropriate chords for the music Seventh Chords c When you have four notes instead of three o Interval between root and fourth note is a perfect seventh Dominant Seventh Chords o Always a major triad with an added minor seventh above the root True for both major and minor keys This constant structure a major triad with an added minor seventh is what gives the dominant seventh chord its characteristic sound Diatonic Seventh Chords o Dominant seventh chord is referred to as Mm7 but there are also other chords 0 MM7 o Mm7 Inversions of Seventh Chords o Three possible inversions of a seventh chord beyond root position o Name of the inversion is determined by the lowest sounding note just as in the inversion of triads Block Chords o Composers write triads as vertical and harmonious so our ears are directed towards the sound of the vertical triads rather than horizontal playing Arpeggiations o Composers also choose arpeggiations rather than block chords in order to avoid directing the listener s attention too strongly toward the vertical aspects of the harmony
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