Sociology of the Family
Sociology of the Family SOC 2052
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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ruben Schowalter on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 2052 at University of Virginia taught by Allison Pugh in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see /class/209562/soc-2052-university-of-virginia in Sociology at University of Virginia.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
Selling compromise toys motherhood and the cultural deal 1012008 1203 PM Mothers and others The gender system of Domesticityquot williams 2000 mothers are aid wrkers Most mothers work mothers w kids lt 18yrs who are working or looking for work 1975 47 2004 70 small fraction of families follow domesticity model mothering work intensifying includes nurture and training quotcare givingquot versus quotcaring aboutquot or quottaking care ofquot The problem motherhood as the center of cultural conflict successful worker prioritizes work Market work is more valuable Best mothering is intensive Solutions Redefining motherhood as quottaking care ofquot childcare as quotcustodialquot Needs reduction Cut back on sleep and leisure Anxiety remains Cultural intermediaries O Selfhelp books 0 Advertising The cultural deal 0 Compromise 0 Contest for social honor The research Studied 11 catalogs from 200001 holiday season average of 345 products per catalog N3770 Talking to adults mothers the middle class Nurture and the cultural deal The act of nurture is what is important Not who or what is doing it But still stoking tension 0 Everything39s friendlier with twoquot Training and the cultural deal Skills and values 0 What counts as skills I quotconcerted cultivationquot Certain physical and academic skills Gendered I Training even in absentia Not for sale 0 Nurturetraining with anyone else 0 Friendshipcommunity among children 0 Mothering as providing I What cultural deal 0 Child39s needs are fixed 0 Employer39s needs are fixed 0 Mother39s obligations changed quottaking acre ofquot n It won39t matter who is there Parenting parenting classes in social work iclicker id 1017DD6 10172DD6 Wednesday October 08 2008 1205 PM We had a guest speaker He is a social workercouncilor He teaches parenting classes FAMILY39S TOP 5 0 Clarify family values and goals 0 Communication 0 Clear roles responsibilities benefits and consequences 0 Regular family meetingsdiscussions 0 Education childhood development and parenting The Elderly Wednesday October 15 2008 1216 PM Outline What we know about the elderly 0 Myths and facts I The invisible elderly I Age segregation I Choosing integration What do myths about the elderly do Same amount of elderly as African Americans or Latinos 125 of populations is the elderly A lot more elderly woman than men Age segregation I Three kinds 0 Institutional older people work and kids go to school 0 Spatial work and school are away from home 0 Cultural there are differences in their life styles Effects 0 Political fragmentation old people don39t want to take care of all the young ppl 0 Decline in socialization 0 Isolation of elderly they live alone and then their friends are dying off Working in the USA Monday October 20 2008 1201 PM OUTLINE Working In The USA I American work hours Compensations international gender generations I Which way are the trends going I Hours inequality Why are we busier now u The impact of overwork I Taking back your time I In 1964 they thought that in the future we would have too much leisure time But that is definitely not the case today Aer WWII the amount of hours worked per week began drastically increasing I Americans work longer hours than any one else in the world s It used to be the richer you were the less you worked But now the richer you are the more you work Generation X worked more than baby boomers Men and women work different hours and get paid unequal amounts of money The incentiveisation building of incentives for white collar workers Why Busier Now I Decline in unions downsizing threat I Decline in Family wage Cultural change role of women 0 Affluenza consumer culture 0 quotBeing Busyquot as a moral stance Laws and policies shaping work norms Most European countries work less and have more time off Ramification of Overwork I Individual health Communities TV is the main cause for fewer community participation Families quotCommodification of Family lifequot Relationships Needs Reduction 0 Working in the USA 2 Wednesday October 22 2008 1208 PM Taking Back YourTime I Altering employers39 incentives O Norms for salaried workers 0 Comp time 0 Fringe benefits penalty 0 Jobsharing I lmprove wages for the lowest paid Create gender equality Preempt the spiraling of consumption Television media Wednesday October 22 2008 1216 PM OUTLINE Television the other parent I How much are we watching Impact on the family 0 Displacement O Unfiltered consumer culture 0 Living together separately Kinds of media parenting I The privatization Media use and youth More than a full time job More kids have 2 TVs more than 2 parents Undermining Family Constant presence 0 Youth use media 65 hoursday I Unmediated consumr culture I Living together separately Different kinds of quotmedia parenting Social coviewing 0 Time spent together Restrictive mediation 0 Rules about acces I lnstructive mediation 0 Rules discussion and content Mass media and consumer society identity Thursday October 23 2008 1102 AM Mediamaking page226 In class he talked about where our clothes were made our material identities are dependant upon others the ppl who made our clothes we don t know anything about the ppl who physically made it Young ppl are targeted for consumption commodification of musical audience Marriage in a divorce culture Monday October 27 2008 1211 PM OUTLINE I Why we care about marriage The marriage divide O The case of lowincome unmarried parents I The legacy of divorce culture I Who gets divorced and why 0 Causes and correlations The divorce divide As far as wealth goes married have more widowed are 2nd Marriage is a long term contract Cohabitation is basically like marriage except minus that stated bond that is marriage Divorce culture Lack of trust Fear of breaking up I Extremely high standards for marriage Who is more likely to divorce I Newlyweds Childless I Remarried I Younger couples Cohabitors Men wod do less house work I Unfaithful I Women who make a 50 hshold income Night shift workers I People with divorced parents I Nonreligious African American Guest speaker Wednesday October 29 2008 PM DIVORCE Consequences of divorces for children Divorce is stressful 0 Economic hardship for families 0 Reduced quality of parenting 0 Lost contact with one parent 0 Focus ofinvolvement in parents39 conflicts Children39s Emotional Problems The controversy 0 Children of divorce are doomed 0 Children of divorce are resilient 0 Is this really an eitheror question Need to establish an in between I The forest 0 Some children have psychological problems I Most do not I The trees 0 Resilient students crying in my office 0 My daughter Maggie39s love of literature 0 What researchers don39t measure but parents worry about Emotional pain Parents determine risk or resilience The Privatization of Risk Monday November 03 2008 1204 PM I Defining privatization What kind of risks Evidence for increasing risk I Sources of rescue The example of retirement The impact of risk on families I Socializing Risk Privatization ndividualization Moving from the social to the individual family spending trends 1970s to 2000 I Clothing 33 lower I Food 23 lower I Appliances 51 lower Furniture 30 lower I Cars 20 lower I Home entertainment 23 higher Computers 300 higher weren39t computers in 70s Rescuefrom where Spouse I Government 0 Unemployment 0 Family and medical leave I Kin network quotAmerica39s plastic safety netquot I The implications of Privaztization Disincentives I Work I Education Children can bring hardships I Thinking about choice quotSocializingquot Risk Social insurance I Credit regulation Schools Other ideas Privatization of family leisure from a topic 23 weeks ago Monday November 03 2008 1208 PM gt Seeding desires identifying needs gt Multiple TVs bedroom culture gt Families living together separately rise of individualism gt Corporations39 need to sell to survive gt Niche marketing gt There is a difference between a child39s street culture away from adults and bedroom culture Fighting back I Against the privatization of entertainment 0 Shut it off TV turnoff week April 2026 2009 I Public safety concerns 0 Watch it together Programming for the whole family 0 Policy changes I Regulations to limit the marketing to kinds Schools adfree zones Com mod ities Wednesday November 05 2008 1158 AM OUTLINE The commoditization of family life 0 Bridging gaps I Where do gaps come from O Taylorization O Deskilling O Outsourcing I Fetishizing care Privatization of childhood what are commodities doing to family Commodities connect us They can temporarily bridge the gaps like web cameras But then it also creates gaps because they are now able to be far away because of web cam connectivity Commodification of family life Bridging contemporary gaps O Surveillance 0 Express love 0 Allows private solution to public problem I Deskilling and outsourcing tasks like assembly line remove multiple skills and speed up process I Care has been taylorized Taylor is a guy who created this efficiency idea 0 Care for kids has been Taylorized Can a taylorized form of care be good care Good care is really personal I Selfless motivation I Time intensive attentive to individual differences resist taylorization emotions can be bought and sold hiring a life of a party The only thing left untouched by outsourcing feelings Commodity Fetishism when quotcarequot is the commodity I Why outsource care Time pressure at work normative workweek O quotStalled Revolutionquot Privatization of family life I Saying No versus Organizing The commodity frontier I The minimal family Countertrends DIY do it yourself Heightened anxiety about care I The promise a state of quotunambivalencequot Gay and Lesbian Families Monday November 10 2008 1204 PM I Marriage on the ballot 0 Legal privileges O Discrimination v quotsanctityquot November 4 and black voter turn out I Public opinion What do we know bout samesex couple I Number 600000 Stability Inequalitygender roles I Raising children Questions about the children of gays and lesbian I Are they healthyhappy 0 What about stigma Gendered behavior Are they more likely to be gay themselves DISCUSSION NOTES 112008 Thursday November 20 2008 811AM 1 Questions 2 Impact of the state on family in what ways state determines types of families we can make a How are these related gt individual health and safety familism 3 Future of familism civic vs commercial marriage child parent relationship 4 How people make communities familism 5 Assignments final take home test State regulates welfare adoption marriage childcare if it is unhealthy I Marriage regulation of who you can marry when you can get married how and Individual health and safety how is it regulated and what kind of effect does it have on the family Not having health insurance is a burden Civic familism the community getting together I Commercial familism is when the media tends to define what families should be Private familism the family unit defines it if you give thorough explanation of 2 books and then know a summary of the third Downshifting Monday November 24 2008 1206 PM what is it a change in the lifestyle because of financial income change quotthe less money you spend the less money you need to earn in order to live and the more time you can spend with the ones you lovequot Duane Elgin39s Simplicity Compassionate I Ecological I Frugal Political Soulful I Uncluttered Family Anti consumerism Ten Steps Toward Downshifting I Be wary of things I Smaller house n unused rooms Limit your work to 30 hrswk parents 20 hrs Commute less than 30 minutes I Kids do only 13 activities quotevery few yearsquot live abroad for4 months One hour per week in natural setting I Practice spirituality of some kind Seek the support of other simplifiers Practice saying quotnoquot Consumer spending has gone down Partially because of dwindling economy The social style and idea of how ppl spend can and will change to adapt to the economy Strategies Of Ca re Monday December 01 2008 1204 PM Supply and demand for care Demand for care is increasing Is the supply also increasing Care change or care drain Most think the change is inevitable Strategild39s 4 ideals of care Hochschies for handling care needs Men v women provide care Institutional Employer Care vaue care compromise traditional Women gendered div of none none high labor l Post modern Women doing it all stress some none low l Cold modern neither lots none high l Warm modern both some some high Last Lecture Notes Wednesday December 03 2008 1208 PM 1 I missed the first what is happening to care in modern society 2 Can we commit to the value and richness of care without the subordination of women 3 What is the market doing to care andor familism and a How should we as a society approach the intersections of care and consumption 4 How should society resolve the tension between
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