Week 2- Cultural Anthropology
Week 2- Cultural Anthropology Anth 1113 003
Popular in General Anthropology
Anth 1113 003
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Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Red-Roe on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Anth 1113 003 at University of Oklahoma taught by Samuel G. Duwe in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see General Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
General Anthropology Notes September 1 Renee Roe lCuIturaI Anthropology Method and Theory 0 Ethnologj Science that analyzes and compares human cultures as in social structures language religion and technology o It is the study of contemporary human societies through crosscultural comparisons o lEthnocentrism Judging other cultures using one s own cultural standards 0 lCultural Relativism ldea that to understanding another culture requires full understanding of its members beliefs and motivations o It is inappropriate to use outside standards to judge behavior in a specific society How do cultural anthropologists collect data 0 lEthnography o emerged as a research strategy in societies w greater cultural uniformity and less social differentiation than are found in modern industrial nations 0 descriptive documentation and analysis of a contemporary culture 0 attempts to understand whole particular culture and provide a foundation for generalizations about human behavior and society Early Ethnography 0 early research was designed to I document cultures in Colonial Africa Latin America Polynesia Australia and Asia I document cultures in danger of disappearing o Salvage ethnography 0 example American Indian groups in US Ethnography today 0 Cultural anthropologists conduct ethnographic research to answer specific research questions 0 Study cultural variations among humans collect observations usually through fieldwork and examine the impact of global economic and political processes on local cultural realities 0 Participant Observationl 0 involves getting close to people and establishing rapport 0 allows you to study people and collect data while experiencing the lives of the people you are studying o generates both quantitative and qualitative data 0 involves longterm fieldwork and learning of language lGenealogical Method 0 early mainstay of anthropology 0 deals with kinship descent and marriage 0 kinship is building block of social organization in many nonindustrial societies Life Histories o recollection of a lifetime of experiences collected from individuals 0 illustrates diversity which exists within a community Native Beliefs and Perceptions o lEmic perspective investigates how people think and perceive categorize their world I native viewpoint o lEtic perspective emphasizes outside observations of a particular culture I science oriented view lEthnoarchaeology o ethnographic study of peoples for archaeological reasons usually focusing on material remains of a society 0 allows archaeologists to make comparison between modern cultures and past cultures