New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

trauma and related disorders

by: heatherzim84

trauma and related disorders PSYCH 470

Marketplace > Penn State Harrisburg > Psychlogy > PSYCH 470 > trauma and related disorders
Penn State Harrisburg
GPA 3.82

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

material for next midterm exam.
Abnormal Psychology
Senel Poyrazli, Ph. D.
Class Notes
PTSD, trauma related disorders, post traumatic stress disorder, asd, acute stress disorder, numbing, coping skills
25 ?




Popular in Abnormal Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by heatherzim84 on Wednesday March 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 470 at Penn State Harrisburg taught by Senel Poyrazli, Ph. D. in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at Penn State Harrisburg.

Similar to PSYCH 470 at Penn State Harrisburg


Reviews for trauma and related disorders


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/16/16
Posttraumatic Stress (PTSD) and Acute Stress (ASD) Disorders PTSD  *War, car accidents, child abuse/neglect, sexual abuse/rape, work­related acts (police  killing someone, journalism photographers, first responders, etc.), natural disasters,  terrorist attacks/human made disasters, etc. *Secondary trauma *Numbing­ loss of interest in other people, disaffection or hostility towards other people,  or incapacity to feel positive emotions Create wall around them and don’t let anyone in Social isolation Alcohol/Drug abuse Detrimental behavior coping mechanisms *Passive suicides Symptoms: 1. Person exposed to threatened or actual death, serious injury, sexual violation, in  one or more of the following ways:  a. First­hand experience of the event  b. Witnessing another’s event c. Hearing that a violent/accidental death or threat of death happened to  someone close to you d. Repeated or extreme exposure to negative/harmful details of a traumatic  event 2. At least 1 of the following intrusion symptoms: a. Repeated, involuntary, and intrusive distressing memories of the trauma,  or in children, repeated play reenacting the traumatic events or details  from them b. Repeated distressing dreams about traumatic event c. Dissociative reactions (e.g. flashbacks) where person feels or acts as if  the trauma(s) were happening in the present moment d. Intense or lengthy distress or physiological reaction in response to any  reminders of the traumatic event 3. At least 1 of the following avoidance systems: a. Avoids any internal triggers of traumatic memories b. Avoids any external triggers of traumatic memories 4. At least 3 (or 2 for children) of the following negative or harmful changes in  thinking or mood that changed after traumatic event(s): a. Can’t remember major details of event b. Repeated or embellished negative thoughts about self, other people, or  the rest of the world c. Repeated or unnecessary self blame or blame of another for the event d. Universal destructive or negative emotional condition e. Major loss of interest or involvement in daily activities f. Detaching or isolating self from others g. Repeatedly incapable of feeling positive emotion 5. At least 3 (or 2 for children) of the following changes in excitement or  responsiveness that happened after traumatic event(s): a. Mean, harmful, antagonistic behaviors b. Careless, rash, or self­harming behaviors c. Hyper­attentiveness, constantly being “on guard”  d. Embellished reactions of being startled when unnecessary e. Difficulty concentrating f. Disrupted sleep 6. The person’s symptoms started, changed, or got worse after traumatic event(s)  and persisted for longer than one month Characteristics:  Outlandish reactions to a major, negative stressor such as enhanced anxiety or  anxiousness, going out of the way to elude situations or circumstances  surrounding traumatic event, or reactivity of amplified provocation or excitement  Disorder began to cultivate after the veterans returned home from Vietnam  Reactions to SERIOUS traumatic event(s) including but not limited to real or risk  of death, major injury or damage, or some form of sexual abuse to one’s self or  another very close to you  Rape is the most common traumatic event for women with this disorder,  approximately 1/3 of women that were victims of rape exhibited signs of PTSD  4 key classes of symptoms – 1. Disturbing reencounters of details or trauma including but not limited to  persistent memories, nightmares, extreme negative reactivity to any detail  reminding one of traumatic event 2. Excessive evasion of any physical details that may remind one of  traumatic event or thinking about event (this may seem to negate  symptoms of reencountering experience of trauma but evading the  thoughts or details is usually not successful and may lead to re­ experiencing traumatic event(s) 3. Tremendous variations in temperament, attitude, or intellect following  traumatic event(s) including but not limited to the victim’s failure to  recollect major details of trauma, repeated negative patterns of thinking,  self­blame or excessive blame to another for occurrence of traumatic  event(s), extensive pessimism or depressing emotion, inability to take part in daily activities or major loss of concern or attentiveness in important  pursuits, isolation or distance from other people, or incapacity to feel  constructive, confident, or optimistic reactions or feelings 4. Amplified excitement or combative, volatile reflexes to stimuli surrounding  or in reminder of trauma including but not limited to ill­temper, petulance,  hostile, antagonistic, or destructive behaviors, wild and careless or self­ devastating behaviors, interrupted sleep patterns, inability to concentrate,  hyper­attentiveness, or an extravagant or embellished, unnecessary  response to stimuli in a frightened or alarmed manner  Symptoms are usually chronic or long­lasting  Ideas surrounding suicide or self­damaging behaviors are fairly common  Most people with PTSD have symptoms of anxiety or conduct disorders, major  depression, or substance abuse  Disorder can be influenced by culture – more/less, regular experience with  trauma or different symptoms or reactions to traumatic event(s) Treatment:  Antidepressants, some SSRI’s  Relapse is fairly common in those who stop taking their medication  Exposure treatment – focus on memories to help victim confront trauma and  reassure them that they can conquer feelings of anxiety about the trauma by  using imagined exposure or virtual reality (VR) technology  Cognitive strategies can be used instead of the harsher exposure treatments –  interventions to help victim cope with event, prevent/treat self­blame, reducing  guilt Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) Symptoms: 1. Subjected to real or risk of death, major injury, or sexual abuse in 1 or more of  the following conditions: a. Personal experience b. First­hand witness c. Discovering a vicious or inadvertent death or risk of that kind of death  happened to someone close to you d. Persistent or severe incident related to negative or harmful reminders of  details of trauma 2. At least 8 of the following: a. Uncontrolled, automatic, persistent, and disturbing recollections of trauma b. Persistent, alarming, mentally/emotionally harmful dreams surrounding  details of trauma c. Detached responses including flashbacks where one believes the  traumatic event is happening again at that present moment d. Extreme or chronic mental or physical anguish in response to exposure to  details of trauma e. Personal acts of numbing, isolation, or lack of interest in other people f. Distorted sense of actuality or authenticity of life or one’s environment  g. Incapable of recollecting at least 1 major detail of trauma h. Dodging both internal and external prompts or memories of trauma i. Disruption of sleep pattern j. Hyper­attentiveness k. Angry, cranky, mean behavior l. Extreme alarmed or frightened reactivity to stimuli m. Excessive worry, nervousness, edgy, or impatient behavior  The preceding symptoms must have started or gotten worse after the traumatic  event(s) and persisted at least 3 days to 1 month Characteristics:  Symptoms are similar to PTSD but occur in a smaller window of time  Two major concerns about disorder: o May cause shame or negative perception about one having these  symptoms for only a short period of time (even though it is common) o Some people who are diagnosed with PTSD may not exhibit symptoms of  ASD within the first month after traumatic event(s)  ASD aids prediction of a higher risk of one to acquire PTSD within 2 years after  trauma Treatment:  Antidepressants, some SSRI’s  Relapse is fairly common in those who stop taking their medication  Short­term cognitive/behavioral treatments including exposure and early  intervention that can last for years; exposure is more effective than cognitive  treatments to prevent PTSD *************BOTH DISORDERS:  Coping skills – most show resilience (especially those of high intelligence or  those with a strong social support system) but coping skills can help predict  risk of PTSD after a traumatic event including but not limited to avoidance of  thinking about trauma, dissociation, or memory concealment  Treatment – medication and psychological  Kring, A. M., Johnson, S. L., Davison, G. C., & Neale, J. M. (2012). Abnormal  psychology (12 ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.