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by: Dr. Florencio Reichert


Dr. Florencio Reichert
GPA 3.79

Faidra Papavasiliou

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About this Document

Faidra Papavasiliou
Class Notes
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Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dr. Florencio Reichert on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 2020 at Georgia State University taught by Faidra Papavasiliou in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 112 views. For similar materials see /class/209872/anth-2020-georgia-state-university in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Georgia State University.




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Date Created: 09/21/15
ANTH 2020 Fall 2010 Study Guide 1 Theme Theme Theme Theme 1 Anthropology Genera introduction to the discipline Definition of anthropology and 4 fields Holism amp the biocultural approach comparative perspective cultural relativism Historical roots of anthropology as a Western science Globalization and practicepraxis 2 The concept of culture What is culture definitions and characteristics learned shared etc What are ethnocentrism and cultural relativism Nacirema amp Shakespeare in the Bush articles Innovation and diffusion enculturation and acculturation Universality generality and particularity Cultural anthropology s methods participant observation ethnography ethnology relations and power issues with the people we work with anthropologists as the STUDENTS of culture EB Tylor LH Morgan and unilineal evolutionism Franz Boas americanist anthropology historical particularism cultural relativism emic vs etic Bronislaw Malinowski amp Functionalism Mead and Benedict amp Culture and Personality Claude Levi Strauss and Structuralism Clifford Geertz and Interpretive Anthropology Contemporary approaches practice individuals as agents in culture Shostak s fieldwork among the Kung as example of anthropological research 3 The biological basis of culture The quest for human origins creationism catastrophism and transformismevolution Evolution by natural selection Darwin and Wallace Influences uniformitarianism and Malthusian competition What is natural selection and how does it work Be able to discuss examples eg lactose tolerance industrial melanism in pepper moths What are the sources of this tremendous biological variation we see Genetic Mutation and recombination influenced by natural selection Primate arboreal adaptations the primate handfoot amp opposable thumbs vision characteristics reduction of smell nosetohand brain structure etc General characteristics that we share with other apes tool use social learning etc Specific adaptations of the HOMININ human and prehuman line The connection of BIPEDALISM diet changes and preadaptation to bigger brains quotJ andquot 39 ofquot quot39 Australopithecines afarensis robust vs gracile and their significance Homo habilis erectus sapiens and their significance cultural traits amp tool assemblages Which hominin first left Africa and why is this significant When and where did Anatomically Modern Humans emerge Who were the Neanderthals and what were some of their cultural traits 4 Race and human variation ls race a valid biological category for understanding human difference Raymond Dart the discovery of Australopithecus africanus and the quotPiltdown Manquot hoax Genetic evidence for human similarity and difference CLINES as adaptations Why are clines NOT races Theme Theme Biology of skin color influence of ENVIRONMENT and CULTURE on perception of human difference Boas and the immigrant study Race as social and cultural construct Is race quotfakequot NO we make it real Imagined communities Race as a product of particular historical political and economic circumstances race and class Race in Brazil Fish vs the US Where can we attribute the differences The 4 challenges of early colonies and Portuguese vs British colonization as example of how HISTORICAL REALITIES shape our concepts of race and racial difference Race in the US we do race DESPITE color Hypodescent qualitative vs quantitative rules for classifying quotblackquot versus quotnative Americanquot Homer Plessy Changing definitions of race 5 Sex and gender Biology of sexual difference chromosomes hormones anatomy Turner s and Kleinfelter s syndromes intersexulity transgenderism the continuum of phenotypic variation between males and females in humans Gender learning gender identities and gender performance Gender identities roles ideologies and stereotypes Compare and contrast our own model of sexgender vs other societies Azande Wodaabe Etoro Third genders twospirit hijra Gender stratification in different societies men and women among the Kung vs US society Sexuality and sexual orientation Is sexual orientation binary existing in only two variants Problems with defining discrete categories of sexuality 6 Kinship and marriage Kinship as IDIOM cultural practice of organizing interdependence MODELED AFTER but not IDENTICAL with the biology of reproduction Kinship as SOCIAL REPRODUCTION Creation of personhood NICU example and the SchepperHughes article Consanguineal affinal and fictive kinship Functions of kinship for social organization Bilateral vs unilineal kinship structure and functions Kindred bilateral vs lineage unilineal Matrilineage partilineage clan phratry moity Clan totems Lineages as CORPORATE GROUPS Parallel vs cross cousins Marriage definitions and functions Be familiar with the ethnographic examples we used in class Different perspectives on emotionromantic love and arranged marriages Monogamy polygamy polygyny and polyandry Gender power relations and ethnographic examples of multiple marriages discussed in class The Incest taboo as a universal rule with highly varied specifics Best explained as rule of EXOGAMY Anth 2020 Cultural Anthropology Exam 2 Study Guide Dr Papavasiliou Theme 1 Economics power politics Theme 2 Nationality ethnicity and the rise of the modern world The NATION STATE as political unit Nationality and ethnicity as identities The Nation as modern phenomenon How are nations IMAGINED COMMUNITIES The world today increasingly interconnected but split into quotfirstquot quotsecondquot and quotthirdquot worlds Are poverty violence and ethnic conflict an quotoriginalquot and quotdeeprootedquot condition in the developing world Roots of underdevelopment and conflict in legacy of colonialism The emergence of Europe as powerful core Europe s special challenges coming to a head in the 1400s Spanish conquest of the new world and colonization Why and how quotGuns germs and steel versus Wolf s account Kurakas and the Mita labor tribute system of the Inca empire Emergence of the first GLOBAL TRADE SYSTEM based on the TROPICAL COMMODITIES produced in the new world triangle trade etc Emergence of CAPITALISTIC STATES Joint stock companies and European empires Second phase of colonization in the old world The Scramble for Africa Colonial ideologies direct vs indirect rule and ethnic conflict Modern day Bangladesh and the British colonization of Bengal as example 39 WWII and its aftermath I From to U and 39 World Systems theory cores semiperipheries peripheries Current trends in the global distribution of power what elements are affecting the contemporary US as a core country The challenges of global flows with respect to culture and to SUSAINABILITY TShirt travels Zambia and the second hand clothes trade as example of current state of affairs in international development and globalization


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