SOCI 2013 - 007, Week #8
SOCI 2013 - 007, Week #8 SOCI 2013 007
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley on Wednesday March 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 2013 007 at University of Arkansas taught by Stefanie Collier in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at University of Arkansas.
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Date Created: 03/16/16
3162016 Class and Stratification in the United States Social Stratification hierarchical arrangement of large social groups Life Chances extent to which people have access to important societal resources O Food O Clothing O Shelter O Education Q Health Care 0 Social Mobility movement of people along that social spectrum O Some people either stay in their generational class or move up the ladder Q Intergenerational Mobility VS Intragenerational Mobility O IntEr is movement of family members from generation to generation O IntrA is movement of an individual within your own life 0 Class System a type of open stratification based on the ownership and control of resources and on the type of work that people do O Reproduces itself O Creates binding social structure I Once you are born into a class it is difficult but possible to move up O Limits social mobility O Access of Resources are varied based on this too 0 Classical Perspectives on Social Class O MarX I Capitalists bourgeoisie those who own the mean of production 0 Buisness owners 0 Land owners I Working Class prolitariat those who must sell their labor to the owners in order to earn enough money to survive 0 Own nothing 0 Sell body and ability to instead of a product of service I Alienation 0 Feeling of powerlessness and estrangement from other people and from oneself O No emotional investment in work O No emotional investment in product O No emotional investment in means of production O Loss of control over life and resources O Inability to fulfil basic human needs emotional I Class Con ict O Struggle between the capitalist class and working class Q Workers revolution is inevitable O Weber I Wealth value of all a persons or families economic assets 0 Income 0 Property I Prestige respect of regard that a person or status position is given by others 0 EX College professor not that much money but dedicating your life to education I Power ability of people or groups to achieve their goals despite opposition from others I Socioeconomic Status refers to a combined measure that attempts to classify individuals families or households in terms of factors such as income occupation and education to determine social location O Contemporary Model of Social Structure I Upper Capitalist Class 05 O Investments and Inheritance I Upper Middle Class 14 0 Professional managerial positions I Middle Class 30 C White collar highly skilled blue collar jobs I Working Class 30 0 Factory retail jobs I Working Poor 20 I Under Class 5 Q Inequality in the United States O Income economic gain derived from wages salaries income transfers and ownership of property O Consequences of Inequality I Physical health mental health and nutrition I Housing I Education Q Official Poverty Line I Based on what the federal government considers to be the minimum amount of money required for living at a subsistence level O Absolute poverty I People who do not have the means to secure the most basic necessities of life O Relative Poverty I Be able to afford basic necessities but unable to maintain an average standard of living 0 Functionalist Perspective O Inequality is inevitable and neccessary O Meritocracy a hierarchy in which all positions are rewarded based on peoples ability and credentials Chapter 9 Race and Ethnicity 0 Race is a socially constructed reality O Collective agreement O Imposition O Acceptance of a specific construction O Category of people who have been singled out as inferior or superior often on the basis of real or alleged physical characteristics such as skin color hair texture eye shape etc 0 Ethnic group collection of people distinguished by others or by themselves primarily on the basis of cultural or nationality characteristics O Unique cultural traits O A sense of community O A feeling of ethnocentrism O Ascribed membership from birth O Territoriality 0 Dominant Group racialethnic group that has greatest power or resources in the society 0 Subordinate group because of physical or cultural characteristics are disadvantaged or subjected to unequal Q Prejudice O Prejudice negative attitude and beliefs based on generalizations of a specific race or ethnic group O Stereotypes overgeneralizations about the appearance behavior or other characteristics of members of particular categories O Racism set of attitudes beliefs and practices used to justify the superior treatment of one racial or ethnic group and the inferior treatment of another racial or ethnic group O Theories I Frustration aggression Hypothesis people you are frustrated in their efforts to achieve a highly desired goals will respond to a pattern of aggression toward others 0 Scapegoat Q Discrimination O Actions of practices of dominant group members that have a harmful effect on members of a subordinate group O Individual or Institutional Discrimination O Symbolic Interactionists claim that intergroup contact may either intensify or reduce racial and ethnic stereotyping and prejudice O Reduce same status or goals O Intensify unequal status or goals 0 Functionalist Perspective claims that assimilation is the process by which members of subordinate racial and ethnic groups become absorbed into the dominant culture 0 Con ict Perspective claims that the caste system views racial and ethnic inequality as a permanent feature of US society O Emphasizes the role of the capitalism class in racial eXploitation O Racial Formation states that actions of the government substantially define racial and ethnic relations in the US 0 Colorblindness O The concept of treating individuals as equally as possible without regard to race culture or ethnicity with the goal of ending discrimination I Effectively ignores racism I J ustifies the current order I Does not acknowledge the privilege of being associated with a dominant group I Denies negative racial eXperiences both historically and presently I Does not acknowledge and actively denies institutional racism and discriminatory practices that occur on a structural level 0 Reverse Racism O Discrimination against a dominant group I Racism privilege power I Response to loss of privilege I Dominate groups are by definition not oppressed on an individual or group basis I Confuses prejudice and racism
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