J1100 The Education Problem
J1100 The Education Problem 1100
Popular in Principles of American Journalism
Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Hardison on Wednesday March 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1100 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Marina Hendricks in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Journalism in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 03/16/16
J1100 The Education Problem Patterson’s Arguments Thus Far o Problems Information Problem The public is misinformed and that’s dangerous to democracy Source Problem The reliance on official sources “He said, she said” journalism with no independent verification Knowledge Problem Skills vs. knowledge o Is Journalism Fulfilling its Responsibility? Patterson says no Calls for “knowledgebased journalism” Contemporary journalism is filled with “untrustworthy” and “pointless” information Information overload o People think they know something and they really don’t o KnowledgeBased Journalism We can’t blame the public “Talk shows” of journalism dominated in the 1990s More opinions in journalism than ever before Leads to herdmentality in audiences o “Cyber ghettos” page 13 Political blogs don’t help “Bias” o Media No evidence exists of partisan bias in the mainstream media Newspaper: no bias TV: little democratic bias Magazine: little republican bias This doesn’t mean that partisan bias doesn’t happen, there’s just not enough evidence to claim The real bias in the media is the journalists’ tendency to negative coverage When the economy tanks, it makes the front page “Mean World Syndrome” Leads to cynicism among voters Mistakes leads to less audience Our Model o Journalists Professional skills in the context of What are liberal arts? Knowledge essential to be free o Ex: Grammar, logic, etc. o Today: fine arts, humanities, sciences, social sciences Value? o Citizen and journalism Past and Present Journalists can be very good at describing the present o Remember: news values o Our focus: what’s happening Journalists can be not so good at the past o Not providing content o “Parachute Journalism” “Parachute” in when something happens without understanding Nature of newsgathering Journalists contribute to the problem Journalists leave when people forget about it What this means o Journalism can be focused on breaking news and dramatization Infotainment Blurring lines between journalism and entertainment o Lippmann The problem comes when journalists “make moles of mountains and mountains of moles” (pg. 83) The new hope vs. no hope A MultiFaced Problem o Problem of Pressure and Knowledge 5 w’s but not “why” “Collecting the dots” vs. “connecting the dots”(pg. 84) Explaining the issue for the audience Seek out and report conflict Or ignore longterm issues until they appear to have immediacy o Framing Episodic “An issue” Single eventoriented Incident isolated Thematic Statistics about an issue Context Broader narratives Ex: Poverty Episodic: makes and considers people responsible for their own actions Thematic: structural/systematic issues Important Framing isn’t negative Just “is” o All stories must be framed o Not a matter of bias Not everything requires thematic, but all stories must have context to affect how people function in democracy o Without it, you’re asking people to fill in gaps on their own Make assumptions Personal bias Why it matters Hutchins o Provide the days events in a context that gives meaning o Journalism is a role with democratic purpose Positive externalities Full of them rd Benefit enjoyed by a 3 party as a result of an economic transaction Journalism education had greater democratic purpose Ex: you’re on the quad, play a song, people listen to it, they enjoy it, and it’s something you bought What Journalists and Journalism Students Need o Donsbach and Fiedler Pg. 99100 Awareness of relevant history, current affairs, analytical thinking Subject expertise Know of journalistic processes Ethical awareness Practical skills Ways of Knowing o Primary Tools Observation and interviews o All Accounts are Partial Why good journalism is using multiple sources o Other Sources Documents, public records, research Takeaways o Many explanations for journalistic problems Patterson says it’s education There’s more to journalism than skills Reporting facts isn’t good enough “Context is king” Knowledge provides context and connecting the dots
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