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by: Maymie Gaylord


Marketplace > Georgia State University > Biology > BIOL 3440 > FUNDAMENTALS OF EVOLUTION
Maymie Gaylord
GPA 3.52

Eric Gilbert

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Eric Gilbert
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maymie Gaylord on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 3440 at Georgia State University taught by Eric Gilbert in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see /class/209919/biol-3440-georgia-state-university in Biology at Georgia State University.




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Date Created: 09/21/15
Mendelian genetics vocabulary r homozygous both alleles are identical 7 heterozygous both alleles are NOT identical 7 dominantallele masksthe tmit ofa recessive allele Symbol Capital letter 7 recessive allele trait is masked by dominant allele Symbol lower case letter rAbbreviations for tracking inheritance over generations P parental genemtion F rgeneration offspring F2 secondrgene ration offspring F0 j L J Aa Aa R M Aa Aa uzmeles q as Aa Aa 39 Aa Mendelian genetics discrete inheritance of traits Example monohybrid CFOSS Fig M 7m 179 9162012 Homozygous Homozygous dominant parent recessive parent Cymlog of Y Mendelian genetics chromosomes duplicated beforemeiosis a r 45 meiosis I meiosis eemeee eemeee A Fertilixau39on F it produces Fig M o p m heterozygous offspring mom araemcattethemtaa naming Microevolution r mlcroevolution changes in the allele frequency ofa population overtime our processes contr ute to croevolu Natural selection discussed before exam 1 Genef ow will be discussed now Genetic drift will be discussed now Mutation will be discussed now epopuiation all individualsoflhe same speciesoccupving the Eme area rallele rone ortwo ormore slightly differenlmolec lar formsofagene acodesfor differenlversionsofthe Eme trait 9162012 Gene pool rgenotvpe all the alleleslhal make up an individual rgene pool all the genotypesin a population Hey YOU Out oflhe gene pooll Book39s illustration of a gene pool 7 Note that there are alleles for the illuslraled trait 7 Note homozygous helerolvgousindividu s 9162012 the physical movement ofalees among populations emigration alleles flow out of the population N l N I s Population 1 Population 2 l 1 N a immigration alleles flow into the population gene unit of heritable information located on the chromosome random change in allele frequencies in a population over time Events that could be described by itjust so happened that characterize genetic drift Example it just so happened that the baldest guy had the most offspring result is more bald guy alleles in the population 0 The impact of genetic drift is greatest in isolated small populations Q why is this 9162012 Mutatmn 2 change m the DNA sequence uf a gene mutztmnszrethesuu cenfnewzHe es bene mz mutztmnstendtu be rare T66 TCT 9162012


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