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by: Jake Davis

UnionizationandtheLaborMovement.pdf 2112

Marketplace > History > 2112 > UnionizationandtheLaborMovement pdf
Jake Davis
GPA 3.15
American History since 1865
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6th set of lecture notes. It's over the amount of labor unions in the late 19th century.
American History since 1865
No professor available
One Day of Notes
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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Jake Davis on Friday September 12, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 2112 at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 112 views.


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Date Created: 09/12/14
Unionization and the Labor Movement There is a question oating in this period what will democracy look like in this area 0 1880s had a different world with industrialism Seen in Triangle people will shot one another over this question There are social consequences to industrialism Such as the numerous amount of child labor going on at the time Now we look at the time period just with the employee s point of view To work in the factory it was noisy unhealthy dangerous and unideal There are no labor regs health insurance no social security getting injured on the job got you fired Most of these regulations seen in 2014 were created as a result of this Sanitation was a huge issue The Jungle by Upton Sinclair showed what it really looked like people got grinded up into sausage machines and got sold 35000 people on average will die a year on industrial jobs About the same number of people who die in car accidents today Your hours weren t good as well they were very long there is no such thing as 8 hour day or 40 hour week Saturday is not a rest day it was a 6 day work week it was 1016 hours of labor a day There is a new style of working for people most Eastem European immigrants were farmers and peasants it was hard work but it s not repeative in the way the new factory jobs were 0 You re on the clock in a factory it was completely based off time all the operations were That s why we have time zones and it s very repetitive 0 There was a man called Fredrick Taylor and was known to be an efficiency consultant this was the best way to get pro t these days he would tell what the employees would do with their bodies very specific steps that made you feel like a body that eliminated inefficient movement 0 There was also the unskilling of labor artisans were proud of their skills What shocked them was that when industrialism came along machines could do their jobs faster their skills became useless The quality of the products were going down as well but it was cheap so people still bought it This was the origin of alienation of labor there was no personal connection with what a machine made Wages were bad but they weren t great Putting this all together we could see this whole setup wasn t ideal So what are you going to do What can you do Not much you can walk away and quit or complain to the boss and they can just replace you The only thing to do was to get together with other workers to form a union they are dropping today but in this period they were very strong The first important union it was a union of artisans to work to ght to for their interests which included campaigning for prounion candidates By the 1880s there was an event that simulated a rise of unions it was the great railroad strike in 1887 it kicked off unionization the employees of the BMO went on strike because they found out one morning that their wages went down 20 So they just stopped the railroads altogether The governors of the various states called on the National Guard to service their muscle to break that strike They start to bust heads and the labor unions folk ght back the guards start to shoot the employees The employers also brought scabs to break strikes since they were super desperate at the time The biggest union after that strike was the knights of labor lead by an Irish American Catholic immigrant Terrance V Powderly At the height of their power in the 1880s 10 of the work force was participating having a membership of over a thousand They allowed any immigrant They also allowed women and blacks but still segregated to join Only two types of people were excluded 1 The Chinese 2 Unproductive members of the society deemed as nonphysical factory work the most popular out of those jobs was banking What do they want Bigger wages and fewer hours The knights proposed the eight hour movement they wanted 8 hours of work 8 hours of sleep and 8 hours of recreation An event related to the 8hour movement caused the demised of the knights was the parade in Chicago related to the movement it had 80000 people show up there was an altercation between the people and the police The union wanted another event being a protest over the police only a few people showed up there and one of the organizers planted a bomb somewhere and the police started to shoot It ended the knights of labor because they got blamed for the bombing it made people think they were crazy The Chicago police take it as an opportunity to crack down on the unions The American Federation of Labor replaced the knights They prided themselves on being negotiators they were more conservative than the moderate knights It was lead by Samuel Gompers Some people said that they needed revolution Marxism in uenced them and most communists were on this side But most weren t communists they just wanted reform in capitalism The tougher the job the more likely you fmd more unions The most dangerous one is mining Coal companies had absolute control of your life they bought their food and clothing run by the company and their rent were from the employer they were also paid in script which were coupons exclusively for a company store 0 There was a big clash in Colorado that made the workers live in tents since they were kicked out of their homes 0 Even Andrew Carnegie left a guy named Henry Frick in charge telling him to do whatever he wanted to do to get the job done He locked out the workers from the mills and put up barbed wire they called it fort frick and the guards shot back It shows how people shoot each other for this equality 0 You see these issues again and again


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