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Hunters and Gatherers

by: Shad Lehner

Hunters and Gatherers ANTHROP 620

Shad Lehner
GPA 3.79

Jeffrey Cohen

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About this Document

Jeffrey Cohen
Class Notes
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Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shad Lehner on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTHROP 620 at Ohio State University taught by Jeffrey Cohen in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 69 views. For similar materials see /class/209972/anthrop-620-ohio-state-university in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Ohio State University.


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Date Created: 09/21/15
ANTHRO 62008 NOTES What is anthropology and why study food Anthropology is a population science and is interested in understanding human evolution behavior culture and society Anthropologists spend lots of time on food Contemporary foragers to understand hominid evolution and why we eat Approaching consumption Early work in anthropology assumed people ate for biological reasons Mary Douglas Even animals in the wild use food to create and maintain social relationships Current research food for three roles biological social and cultural Biological nutritional needs Cultural beliefs about what is goodnot good Social belonging and sense of identity Eating is not feeding we could eat anything but we don t Humans cook almost everything We follow rules general to local We follow habits and respond to manners We generally eat what we learn to like We eat in a mannered way There are patterns to our meals Salad first breakfast before dinner Complexity goes beyond ingredients Socially family meal where you eat etc How do we know what to eat Rules about what is edible Rules about taste Rules about consumption Rules about who can and cannot eat certain foods OMNIVORE S DILEMMA Human s can eat anything but we don t We are controlled by impulses urge to try new but preference for familiar Fear of unknown and dangerous The pleasant opportunity but also the difficulty we human s face in deciding what to eat Humans can eat anything but we don t Controlled by competing impulses an urge to try new but preference for familiar Disconnect with the food chain The Meals 1 Industrial McDonalds 2 Industrial Organic 3 Local From a small diversified farm in VA 4 A perfect mealquot grown at home Food and Fieldwork How to collect information on food Foraging food and fieldwork how to learn about food consumption what questions should we ask What might setting have to do with learning about food What about gender age and timing How might we learn about food symbolism and meaning Preparation Library research Language training background work Defining the questions Organizing methods Designing instruments Fieldwork Participant Observation Entering the field Culture shock Building relationships Discovering the obvious The break Focus EXhaustion Leaving the field Interviews structuredopen Oral history and narratives Testing Systematic research but what to test for Some practice Food logs Shopping logs Daily Journals Recipe Collection Who to work with We describe communities focuses on households and work with individuals What to do with households Household composition Resources Education levels literacy Languages Network linkages and kinship Gendered practices Recreational patterns Movement how many is enough What to do with the data Remember everything might count so don t leave out details Organize a code to identify patterns Use computers


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