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Abnormal Psychology

by: Adeline Williamson

Abnormal Psychology PSYCH 331

Adeline Williamson
GPA 3.77

Anna Levin

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Anna Levin
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Adeline Williamson on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 331 at Ohio State University taught by Anna Levin in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see /class/209981/psych-331-ohio-state-university in Psychlogy at Ohio State University.


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Date Created: 09/21/15
PSYCH 331 7 Abnormal Psychology Review Sheet 7 Exam 1 Lecture 1 Defining abnormalit four Ds deviance statistical infrequency amp cultural norms distress dysfunction amp danger Strengths and weaknesses of each criterion Diathesis stress model Role of culturesituation in defining abnormal behavior Limits of the idea of mental illness Szaz Lecture 2 Abnormality in History Psychogenic perspective eg hypnosis versus Somatogenic perspective eg syphilis and general paresis Moral treatment deinstitutionalization and role of psychotrophic medications in this Etiology Models or Paradigms of Abnormality Biological Model Limbic system neural communication key neurotransmitters Endocrine system polygenic inheritance genetic inheritance twin concordance rates Psychodynamic Model Unconscious conflict defense mechanisms Free association Behavioral Model Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Modeling Conditioned emotional responses Systematic desensitization Cognitive Model Ellis and Beck HumanisticExistential Model Selfactualization Sociocultural Model Labeling Rosenhan study social support culture Integrating models DiathesisStress Models Biopsychosocial model Common perspectives among therapists Eclectic Psyc 331 Exam 1 Review Sheet Page 1 Lecture 3 Idiographic vs nom othetic approach Assessing TestsDiagnostic tools Standardization norms reliability interrater testretest amp validity face concurrent predictive Clinical interviews Structured vs unstructured interviews strengths and weaknesses Proj ective tests Rorschach Thematic Apperception Test Personality Inventories MMPI criterion keying validity scales clinical scales Response Inventories Intelligence tests 1 1 J1 1 1 1 1 tests Clinical observations Naturalistic Analogue Selfmonitoring Diagnosis Sign vs symptom DSM and 5 axial diagnoses know each axis DSM cultural considerations culturallybound syndromes Categorical vs Dimensional approach to understanding psychopathology Krueger amp Marknon article Lecture 4 Scientific Method Types of Clinical Research Case study Correlation and types of correlational studies Epidemiological incidence vs prevalence Longitudinal Experimental IV DV confounding variables Alternative experimental designs Experimental method IV DV Confounding variables Control group versus Experimental group Random assignment Placebo effect Blind design and double or triple blind designs NOTES ENDED Inferential statistics Population vs sample Practical significance vs statistical significance Psyc 331 Exam 1 Review Sheet Page 2 Class 5 Treatment Why bogus treatments seem to work Standards for studies that evaluate research Efficacy vs effectiveness research 7 and the Consumer Reports Study Possible Short Answer Questions r 19 Explain why mental health professionals must always take an individual s cultural background into consideration when formulating a diagnostic hypothesis Then describe two examples of culturallybound syndrome Describe the mechanisms by which a bogus psychotherapy treatment may appear to work Provide an overview of the behavioral approach to psychopathology What are the core principles Relate these to at least two specific treatment approaches used by behavioral therapists Possible LongAnswer Essay Questions 115 pages 1 N You are a mental health professional A trainee asks you about the DSM lVTR multiaxial diagnostic system To help the trainee describe each of the five axes and provide examples of what information a mental health professional would expect to see on each axis do not put none or diagnosis deferred Finally explain the benefits of using a multiaxial diagnostic system List and describe each of the quot four Ds which have been proposed as potential standalone criteria for defining abnormal behavior Explain why each of the four Ds is a limited definition of abnormal behavior as it would apply to the diagnosis of a mental disorder Provide examples to illustrate your points Describe interrater reliability testretest reliability concurrent validity and predictive validity Provide examples for all four Then explain why you think it is important to have reliable and valid diagnostic tools when diagnosing mental disorders Psyc 33l Exam 1 Review Sheet Page 3 PYSCH 33l Abnormal Psychology Review Sheet for Exam 2 Anxiety Disorders Know the major characteristics of GAD Specific Phobias Social Phobia Panic amp OCD Know about gender differences prevalence of each disorder common comorbidities Be familiar with key factors in the etiology of each disorder especially GAD the avoidance theory of GAD and the metacognitive theory Specific Phobias categories of phobias twoprocess theory preparedness Social Phobia role of avoidance Panic Disorder cognitive account39 biological account Agoraphobia OCD obsessions and compulsions Accounts biological account39 behavioral theory twoprocess theory cognitive views Be familiar with treatment considerations for each disorder especially GAD Cognitive therapy39 Relaxation training CBorkovec amp Costello study Biofeedback39 Antianxiety medications Specific Phobia exposure treatments Social Phobia group treatment Panic Disorder pharmacotherapy Cognitive therapy OCD Exposure and Response Prevention EXRP treatment procedures EXRP vs pharmacotherapy CFoa s study Posttraum atic Stress Disorder PT SD vs Acute Stress disorder diagnostic distinction39 symptoms of PT SD over time Know the 3 clusters of PT SD symptoms Etiology of PTSD Biological factors HPA axis and cortisol Role of personality early experience social support Treatment for PT SD Prolonged Tmaginal Exposure Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy EMDR Cognitive Processing Therapy Critical Incident Stress Debriefing procedures use and evidence of its efficacy Dissociative Disorders 7 know core features of each disorder 1 Dissociative Amnesia 2 Dissociative Fugue 3 Dissociative Identity Disorder Post Traumatic Model vs Sociocognitive Model evidence relevant to evaluating each 4 Depersonalization Disorder Evidence related to evaluating the use and accuracy of recovered memories Loftus article Mood Disorders Know criteria for Maj or Depressive Disorder MDD Dysthymic Disorder Bipolar T Disorder Bipolar H Disorder Cyclothymic Disorder Subtypes melancholic psychotic atypical postpartum seasonal rapid cycling Know key features of each of the mood disorders covered MDE mania hypomania mixed Know the symptomatic and duration differences between manic and hypomanic episodes Demographic characteristics associated with MDD prevalence rates and common comorbidities Explanations for gender differences Perspectives on MDD 1 Biological Perspective Genetics key neurotransmitter accounts endocrine abnormalities dysregulation of circadian rhythms melatonin 2 Behavioral Perspective Life events and depression diathesisstress Lewinsohn s account reduced reinforcers and withdrawal 3 Cognitive Perspective Beck s theory Seligman s Learned Helplessness and reformulated theory Nolen Hoeksema s Response Style theory 4 Sociocultural Perspective Social support Perspectives on Bipolar Disorder Evidence for biological factors in Bipolar I especially heritability and neurotransmitter accounts Evidence for the role of psychological factors especially specific kinds of life events Social rhythm disruption events and risk of depressive and manic episodes among people with Bipolar l Treatments for Depression Antidepressant medications ECT Light therapy Behavioral Therapy behavioral activation social skills training Cognitive Therapy Interpersonal Therapy What works for mild and severe depression Enduring effects of treatment MBCT BA revised combined treatments Treatments for Bipolar Disorder Mood stabilizers adjunctive psychotherapy F FT lSRT Suicide Gender Differences Key risk factors for identifying people at risk and periods of greatest risk in people s lives Joiner s model of suicide attempts perceived burdensomeness thwarted belongingness acquired capacity Suicide Prevention Evaluating programs for preventing suicide 1 Provide an overview of the twoprocess theory as applied to anxiety disorders Then explain how this theory is important in treating specific phobias using behavioral therapy 2 What are the differences between a manic and hypomanic episode For which disorders would you expect to see a manic episode For which disorders would you expect to see a hypomanic episode 3 Please list the five subtypes of Major Depression and describe the main characteristics of each one 4 Compare and contrast Prolonged lmaginal Exposure PE and EyeMovem ent Desensitization amp Reprocessing EMDR as treatments for PT SD Comment on the procedures used and the efficacy of these treatments 5 Describe two pharmaceutical treatments used in treating mood disorders including how they work and possible side e ects 6 Describe Beckls Cognitive Model for depression Then give an example of how cognitive treatment based on this model could be used to treat depression Finally discuss the efficacy of Cognitive Therapy and pharmacotherapy as treatments for depression Include comparisons of the efficacy at the end of treatment and comparisons of the efficacy over longer periods of time Also discuss the efficacy of combination therapy versus single treatment


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