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Psychology of Personality

by: Adeline Williamson

Psychology of Personality PSYCH 530

Marketplace > Ohio State University > Psychlogy > PSYCH 530 > Psychology of Personality
Adeline Williamson
GPA 3.77

Kristy Boyce

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About this Document

Kristy Boyce
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Adeline Williamson on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 530 at Ohio State University taught by Kristy Boyce in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see /class/209983/psych-530-ohio-state-university in Psychlogy at Ohio State University.


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Date Created: 09/21/15
Chapter 2 The Scienti c Study of People 0 The Data of Personality Psychology 0 LOTS of data Ldata info that can be obtained from a person s life historylife record 0 archival data Odata information provided by knowledgeable observers such as parents friends or teachers 0 sometimes observers trained to observe systematically o observations can be of very speci c behavior or more general ratings of behavior 0 PCHIPS Tdata information obtained from experimental procedures and standardized test 0 WISCII MMPI llled Sdata information provided by the subject himselfherself typically in the form of responses to questionnaires 0 Limitation of selfreports 0 people may be unaware of their psychological characteristics 0 People may be motivated to present themselves positively faking good 0 Advantages of selfreports o convenient 0 easy to obtain Lots of Data 2 points 0 researchers can combine data sources thereby adding to one s con dence in research ndings 0 some forms of data do not easily t into this fourcategory LOTS scheme o as the eld of personality psychology has progressed new types of measurement have been developed Implicit unconscious individual differences measures diary methods 0 How do data from different sources relate to one another 0 Numerous factors in uence the degree to which 4 data sources LOTS agree with one another 0 sData and TData often discrepant broad judgment vs speci c contexts 0 Agreement between SData and OData affected by selfperception biases agreement the relative observability of certain personality traits the ease with which a person can be judged or agreement Fixed vs Flexible Measures 0 Fixed nomothetic exactly the same measures are administered to all the people in a study scores are computed in exactly the same way most common method objective and simple 2 potential limitations 0 some items may be irrelevant to some of the individuals taking the test 0 there may be features of your personality not on the test 0 Flexible idiographic unstructured personality tests Rorsasch inkblot test Items allow people to describe themselves in their own words o eg asking people to list words or phrases that describe important aspects of their personality 0 eg asking people to tell stories that relate to memories of important life experiences they have had 0 Personality Theory and Assessment 0 Theoretical Views about personality determine which measures to choose It is impossible to study personality by rst collecting a lot of data then creating a theory one needs a theory to decide what type of data is most valuable to collect one needs a theory to interpret the data one gets


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