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u.s. - Ch. 7 Review

by: Jamesia Arnold

u.s. - Ch. 7 Review hist 2010-004

Marketplace > U of M > History > hist 2010-004 > u s Ch 7 Review
Jamesia Arnold
U of M
GPA 3.066

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About this Document

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Us to 1877
Dr. Jim Johnson
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jamesia Arnold on Wednesday March 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to hist 2010-004 at U of M taught by Dr. Jim Johnson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Us to 1877 in History at U of M.


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Date Created: 03/16/16
Ch. 7 Review Notes I. America under Articles of Confederation Articles of Confederation  Origins  Drafting- 1777  Ratification - 1781  Structure  Extent & limit of power Disposition of West  Competing agendas  Indians  Settlers  Congressional measures  Acquisition of Indian islands  Ordinance of 1785 - Survey dividing land - Sale  Northwest Ordinance of 1787 - Plan for states in the future - Recognizing of claimed land by Indians - Prohibits slavery in the region Confederation government under fire Points of controversy  Unredeemed wartime bonds  Imported goods  State tariffs  State debt relief measures  State issuing paper money Shay’s Rebellion  Objectives & spirit  Suppression  Upper class alarm Nationalist impulse Concerns  Lacking national economic policy  Popular infringement of property rights Leading figures  James Madison  Alexander Hamilton Main source of support  Bondholders  Large landholders Merchants  Urban artisans Initial mobilization II. New Constitution Delegates to Convention  Elite backgrounds  Shared experience in the independence struggle  Shared aims - Stronger national authority - Curbs on excesses of democracy Structure of government Points of agreement  Creation of 3branches of legislature  Congress power to raise taxes  Property right protected by state  Middle ground between excessive central and democracy power Debate over structure (Congress) Underlying issues  Balance of state and federal power  Balance of large and small state interests Competing proposals  Virginia Plan  New Jersey Plan Compromise solution Extent & limits of democracy  Expansion of democracy - Popular election of House of Representative - Absence of property qualifications for voting  Limits of democracy - Small size of House of Representatives - Indirect election of Senate - Indirect election of president & vice president - Life appointments to Supreme Court Division of powers Expanded national authority  Presidential powers  Congressional power  Supremacy of national over state Remaining area of state power Separation of power Slavery question  Controversy  Outcomes - Absent in the Constitution - Slave trade clause Fugitive slave clause - 3/5 clause Conclusion of Constitutional Convention  Approval of final draft Ratification by Constitutional Conventions III. Ratification debate & Bill of Rights Federalists Mobilization  Leadership of Madison, Hamilton, and Jay  Support…. Urban and commercial agricultural interests Positions  Strong national government  Balance democracy and property right  Size of republic secure rights  Liberal self- interest over republican virtue Anti- Federalist Mobilization  Diffuse leadership  Support….. small farmers, state politicians Positions  Strong national government as threat to liberty - Domination by elite interests - Specter of denial of rights  Local based democracy  Ratification - Close in the states of Mass., N.Y., Penn., Virginia - Rejected in Rhode Island & North Carolina


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