Western Civilization, Modern (GT
Western Civilization, Modern (GT HIST 101
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This 21 page Class Notes was uploaded by Guadalupe Kilback on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 101 at Colorado State University taught by Kenneth Kirkland in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see /class/210012/hist-101-colorado-state-university in History at Colorado State University.
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Scoring Rubric Instructions You must print out this form respond to the questions in Part One and then score your own review as if you were grading it In Part Two there are listed the nine elements for the critical review along with the maximum number of points given for each element You must attach the completed form to your book review or it will be done for you and ve points will be deducted from your grade Part One Procedural l The book Ireviewed is aCheck onePrimary Source El Secondary Source El 2 I con rmed that my book is a primary secondary source with the instructor or GTA Yes El No El 3 My review is at least four full pages long Yes El No El 4 My book choice was a Approved by instructor El b On approved reading list El c Taken from the suggested readings in the textbook El d None of the above El Part Two Scoring our Score score Score author s qualifications the author 5 approach approach book compare to treatment or in what you have learned elsewhere SCOI39C HONOR PLEDGE quotI have not given received or used any unauthorized assistance on this assignment quot Signature HIST 101 Modern Western Civilization Sections 003 and 007 Dr Ken Kirkland Fall Semester 2011 TR 1230 7145 Aylesworth C111 Section 007 TR 330445 Clark A101 Section 003 Of ce Clark C351 Office hours TR 200 7 300 and by appointment Phone 7209397290 cell E m ail kennethkirkland colostateedu This syllabus is for both sections of the course Although the meeting times and places are different the content textbooks weekly schedules and course assessments are identical for both courses I m not on campus on Monday Wednesday or Friday please feel free to email me or call my cell when I m not available on campus There is a graduate assistant assigned to each section please be sure you know which section you are in before you contact your GTA Graduate Teaching Assistants GTA Section 007 Jenny Deichman E mail jennydeichman lahoocom Phone 3038845033 Section 003 Samantha Arbeiter E Mail SamanthaArbeiter colostateedu Thoughts on History I think you will like history as I liked it when I was your age because it deals with real persons and everything in their lives seeing all the men and women of the world come together in society to work to struggle and to better themselves cannot help but please you more than anything in the world Antonio Gramsci writing from Fascist prison to his son Delio 1935 History is series of arguments to be debated not a body of data to be recorded or a set of facts to be memorized Thus controversy in historical interpretation 70V61 what an event actually means over what happened at an occurrence called an event and over how best to generalize about the event 7 is at the heart of its value Robin W Winks Contents Required texts Course Objectives Grading method Turning in papers and exams Deadlines and Grades Class behavior Academic Integrity bbbbbNNN HIST 101 Sections 3 amp 7 Fall 2011 Page 1 of9 RamCT Course Outline Guidelines Rubric for Critical Book Review Guidelines for TakeHome Essay Questions OOCNUIUI Required texts o Coffm Judith and Stacey Robert Western Civilizations Second Brief Edition Volume 2 New York WWNorton 2009 ISBN9780393932362 o Wiesner Ruff and Wheeler Discovering the Western Past Volume II Sixth Edition New York Houghton Mifflin Company 2008 ISBN9780618766 116 Course Objectives HIST 101 provides a broad overview of the changes in European civilization during the period from the end of the Thirty Years War 16181648 to the present In particular I will be focusing on the growth of royal absolutism in the seventeenth and eighteenth century the changes in worldview that came about during the Enlightenment the French Revolution and its aftermath the rise of industrialization in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries the impact of nationalism and socialism on nineteenth century liberal society and the growth of European imperialism In the last part of the course we will focus on the origins and impact of World War I and the resultant growth of Fascism Nazism and Communism leading up to WWII including some discussion of the Holocaust We will then focus on postwar European society up through the collapse of the Soviet Union including the growth of the European Community Grading method 0 Inclass group projects There will be eleven small group class discussions around the readings from Discovering the Western Past In addition there will be a required group discussion following the showing of the lm Night and Fog on December 1 These will be followed by a short written assignment from the group summarizing the results of the discussions This assignment will be turned in at the end of the class period Your class participation grade will be based on the results of these projects Since they constitute 25 of your grade it will be impossible to get a good grade for the semester without regular attendance and participation The dates for these projects are listed on the class schedule below for example the discussion over Chapter 2 royal absolutism will be on Thursday September 8 Your groups will have about 45 minutes to complete the discussion and the written assignment the discussion will typically take place during the latter part of the class session The discussion must focus on answering the questions for that chapter using the documents in that chapter to support your answer The discussion questions will be available on RamCT a few days before the discussion takes place You may make up a missed discussion by following the instructions posted on RamCT on the page where the discussions are available Makeups are to allow for illness or unavoidable absence they are not a substitute for attendance and participation Therefore you may not make up more than two of the discussions without my prior written approval Critical Book Reviews Each student will complete two critical book reviews on topics related to the course I must approve the choice of book before you complete the review unless you choose a book suggested by the textbook or from the reading list The due dates for these reviews will be staggered over the semester that is not all of them will be due at the same time Details on how to write the reports are in the rubric below HIST lOl Sections 3 amp 7 Fall 2011 Page 2 of9 Although there are differences in the rubrics for primary and secondary sources that does not mean that you must do one of each you can do two primaries two secondary or one of each as you choose However you must follow the appropriate directions for your choice We will discuss due dates in class and you will be assigned due dates when the period for dropping and adding courses is over The list of due dates will be posted on RamCT by September 1 it is your responsibility to know when your reviews are due and to meet those deadlines When you turn in a book review it must include a copy ofthe scoring rubric the rubric must be lled out and attached to the review Ifyou do not complete and attach the rubric ve points out of a possible 100 will be deducted from your grade The rubric is posted on RamCT please download it print it ll it out and attach it to your book review when you turn it in 0 Essay examinations There will be two noncumulative take home essay exams I will post a list of essay questions for the semester on RamCT You must choose one question from the rst group write an essay on it and turn it in no later than Thursday October 6 You must choose one from the second group write an essay on it and turn it in no later than Thursday December 8 the last class day although you may turn either of them in at any time prior to those dates You will get your best results if you wait to turn them in until after we have covered the topics in class 0 Extra credit From time to time I will offer opportunities to earn an extra credit point usually through by answering a question asked in class I will not announce these ahead of time and they will normally be asked on days when there is no class discussion exercise if you want the chance you have to attend lectures Extra credit points will be added to your total class grade for example if all of your assignments averaged out to 89 and you had one extra credit point your class grade would be a 90 and the point would move you from a B to an A for the class All assignments will be graded on a scale from 0 to 100 and will be averaged together as follows for the final grade 1 Inclass group projects 25 in total 2 Critical book reviews 15 each 3 Takehome exams 225 each 75 of your grade is based on individual written assignments completed outside of class there are no in class exams and there is no exam during nals week Letter grades will be awarded on the following scale I do not award plus and minus grades score HIST lOl Sections 3 amp 7 Fall 2011 Page 3 of9 Turning in papers and exams Exams and term papers are due by the end of the class period on the date indicated on the syllabus You may also turn in papers at the history department of ce Clark B356 or email them to me as long as they reach me prior to the deadline Ifyou email assignments you must attach the le to your message When you email the document please include your name and the assignment in the title of the le such as John Smith Critical Book Review Number Onedoc I will always send you a reply if you email me an assignment if you don t get one within 24 hours assume that the email did not go through and contact me to resend it The le must be in a format I can read or I will count it as late I can read documents produced in WordPerfect lVIicrosoft Works or Microsoft Word 2007 and earlier versions Deadlines and Grades I recognize that there will be circumstances when for legitimate reasons you will be unable to make a deadline However if you cannot turn your assignments in by the due date you must contact me ahead of time to make alternative arrangements If you turn in an assignment late without making prior then I will reduce your grade for that 39 by 10 for each calendar day it is delayed Attendance Exams will be based on lectures text readings and class handouts It will be difficult to get a good grade without attending class regularly taking good notes and participating in class activities Class behavior This is a college class and students are expected to behave accordingly The instructor and your fellow students are sensitive to noise and rude behavior Please be respectful of them and avoid carrying on cell phone conversations talking in class noisily eating food and the like On the other hand please don t be shy about asking questions during or after class if something is not clear to you Academic Integrity This course will adhere to the Academic Integrity Policy of the Colorado State University General Catalog and the Student Conduct Code You must include and sign the following Honor Pledge in all written assignments Note for book reviews the pledge is included in the required scoring rubric HONOR PLEDGE quotI have not given received or used any unauthorized assistance on this assignment quot Plagiarism 7 the copying of language structure ideas or thoughts of another and representing them as one s own without proper acknowledgement 7 is strictly prohibited Plagiarism will result in sanctions ranging from receiving a zero for the assignment through failing the course the University may take additional disciplinary action Iwill give you a grade of 0 for any assignment that you plagiarize even if the plagiarism is only part of what you turn in If you receive a 0 grade you will not have an opportunity to make up the assignment Remember that paraphrasing or changing a few words can still be plagiarism I will report plagiarism to the appropriate University authorities Simply put do not quote other people s work unless you put it in quotation marks and provide the source from which you took it HIST lOl Sections 3 amp 7 Fall 2011 Page 4 of9 RamCT This class will be supplemented by the use of RamCT I will use RamCT to post the syllabus exams due dates for book reviews and other class handouts as well as to provide Web links for various course topics Generally speaking I will post most lectures on RamCT before they are delivered in class althoughI often revise them so check to be sure you have the most recent version The discussion questions will always be posted a couple of days prior to the discussion You will also be able to access your grades for each assignment as they are completed Ifyou expect to do well in the course you should be logging on to RamCT at least two or three times a week Course Outline The following outline shows the general topics to be covered by the course the chapter readings from Western Civilizations the main textbook which you should have completed to keep pace with lectures discussions and exams and the days on which we will have discussions from the Discovering the Western Past book In both cases the schedule shows when the reading should be complete39 in the case of quot 39 it also shows when we will do the class quot 39 Note The following schedule is subject to change I will provide updates in class and post them on RamCT as circumstances change and Class Revolutions Political and Revolution nationalism and socialism HIST lOl Sections 3 amp 7 Fall 2011 Page 5 of9 Italian unification liberal era WI and its Russian Revolution Italian Fascism and a Holocaust rewritten book review 9 discussion following Guidelines Rubric for Critical Book Review General I must approve your choice before you can proceed See me before or after class during of ce hours or e mail me to get the approval The book you review must be non ction If vou choose a book from the suggested readings at the end of each chapter in Western Civilizations or ifyou choose a book from the suggested reading list posted on RamCT you do not need my approval those books are Dre approved Books not approved I will deduct fifteen points from your book review if you review a book which I have not approved and which is not chosen from the suggested readings or the book list Please note that the following books will not be approved even ifyou ask 0 Elie Wiesel Night Diary of Anne Frank These books are taught in middle and high school HIST 101 Sections 3 amp 7 Fall 2011 Page 6 of9 0 Any memoir or work of military history that focuses primarily or exclusively on American experiences even ifthey are in a European location such as Band of Brothers Any book that focuses primarily or exclusively on non European history such as American or Asian topics There is nothing wrong with those topics but they are not the subject matter of this course A critical book review is a close and re ective reading of a book on a topic related to the course subject matter Critical does not mean that you must be negative about the book but it does mean that you are thoughtful in your review The critical book review must include the following elements for each element the maximum number of points 7 out of 100 7 which can be awarded follows the item Your review must be at least four full pages but not more than eight pages doublespaced Ifyou think you need additional pages to do the topic justice contact me for approval first Important Note If you are reviewing a primary source such as an autobiography or memoir or a work from the time period follow the directions in the rubric listed below for a primag source If you don t know the difference between a primary and a secondary source or you are not sure into which category the work you have chosen falls check with me first before writing 1 V Begin with a listing of the book s author title and publication information as though you were listing the book on a Works Cited page Use ChicagoTurabian style see httplibcolostateeduresearchs lehtrnl for details 5 2 Why did you choose this book to read How did you select this rather than some other book 7 W V Identify the topic of the book and summarize its contents and conclusions 35 4 V If your book is a primag source follow the directions in part a if your book is a secondag source follow the directions in part b Ifyou don t understand the difference check with the professor or the graduate TA before you write the review a What does this book tell you about the period of the past in which it was written 10 b V What are the author s quali cations to write the book Frequently you may find this information in a forward afterward or brief biography of the author included in the book Ifthat information is not available try a Google search of the author s name What might lead you to believe or not that the author is a trustworthy source of information on the topic 10 kl V If your book is a primag source follow the directions in part a if your book is a secondag source follow the directions in part b If you don t understand the difference check with the professor or the graduate TA before vou write the review a How does this bookhelp you to understand this period of the past better10 b Does the author have a particular approach to the subject For example is a biography of a person trying to show something in particular about that person s life or career Is the author attempting to make an argument or persuade the reader of a particular approach or interpretation of the events or persons that heshe is describing 10 0 V If your book is a primag source follow the directions in part a if your book is a secondag source follow the directions in part b Ifyou don t understand the difference check with the professor or the graduate TA before vou write the review HIST 101 Sections 3 amp 7 Fall 2011 Page 7 of9 a Every author has a particular view or approach to the subject matter she or he is describing What is the approach of this author How do you know10 b If there is a thesis or an argument to the book how convincing is it Why or why not do you nd it convincing lO 7 What kinds of evidence does the author use to support the points he or she is trying make in the book 10 Did reading the book change your view of the topic that the book covers What is different about how you understand the subject after having read the book 8 00 V 9 How does the approach taken in the book compare to what you learned about the subject from the textbooks lectures or class discussions in this course If we have not yet covered this topic in this course how does this book compare with what you have learned about this subject elsewhere5 Guidelines for Take Home Essay Questions Your takehome essay exams will be graded according to the following criteria The exams will be graded on a 100 point scale with 100 being a perfect score The first four criteria are each worth 25 points If all four are done successfully you should have a perfect score However please note that even a perfect score will be reduced if you have factual errors excessive grammar and spelling mistakes or if your exam is late without letting me know in advance as discussed in points ve through seven Essays should be four to eight pages in length doublespaced if you think you need more length than that contact me for approval before you turn it in You should be able to answer the questions using the information in the textbooks and the lecture notes and perhaps information from your book reviews without doing any outside research However if you do use any outside sources be sure to footnote them and list them on a Works Cited page at the end of your essay Ifyou quote any source be sure to footnote it Ifyour quote is from one of the textbooks just use an intext citation such as Coffin amp Stacey page 185 otherwise follow the ChicagoTurabian style for notes and citations httn lib cnlnstate 39 39 L 39 tml IMPORTANT NOTE ON SOURCES If you want to use Internet sources you need to use them with care since they vary widely in reliability In particular YOU MAY NOT USE WIKIPEDIA AS A SOURCE I WILL TAKE POINTS OFF IF YOU DO Because Wikipedia is written by amateurs and because anyone can change the information at any time it is not a reliable source of accurate information particularly where modern history is concerned In general the closer you get to the present in modern history the less accurate and the more partisan the articles tend to be 1 Focus on the question Generally the questions require you to consider an interpretation of historical information Read the question carefully to be sure that you have answered the question which is being asked Ifyou are not sure you understand a question ask about it in class or consult with me or the GTA before you turn in your examination N Answer the entire question In many cases a question may have multiple parts Be sure that you address every one of them in your essay 3 Be speci c Don t make broad generalizations without providing specific examples to support your generalizations if you say that a certain period underwent a change from X to Y follow that with a sentence that says For example If the question asks you to HIST lOl Sections 3 amp 7 Fall 2011 Page 8 of9 provide a speci c number of examples be sure that you have that many examples in your answer 5 Be complete Be sure in your own mind that your answer is thorough and complete for the explanation or argument that you provide If a question asks you to support oppose or modify a particular interpretation begin your essay with a brief statement of your point of view and include a conclusion that shows how and why you reached that point of view U39 Factual errors Because this is a take home essay there is no reason why your essay should have any errors of fact wrong dates misspelled names confusing one person for another etc Up to ten points will be taken off for errors of fact 6 Grammar and spelling You should have few or no grammar or spelling errors Up to ten points will be taken off your score for excessive mistakes in spelling grammar punctuation or style Always spell check your work before turning it in and be sure you have not confused words that sound alike such as Thrown and Throne gt1 Turn in your essay on time If you do not notify me before the deadline that you will not be able to turn your exam in on time I will take ten points off your score for each calendar day that it is late HIST lOl Sections 3 amp 7 Fall 2011 Page 9 of9 Chapter 11 Total War 1 How was World War I The Great War different from prior wars 2 Provide at least three examples of how it affected soldiers at the front 3 Provide at least three examples of how it affected civilians at home In all cases provide citations or quotations from the documents not the introduction or conclusion to the chapter that support your points HIST 101 Modern Western Civilization Professor Kirkland Suggested Readings Important Note You are not restricted to the books on this list this is only a list of some suggestions to get you started Introduction Students frequently ask for suggestions for readings for the book review this list is meant to be an answer to that request This is not a comprehensive list by any means but it includes suggestions for both primary and secondary sources in the various areas covered by the course You are not limited to the books on this list39 any non ction book that deals with some as ect of Western Civilization from the 30 Years War 161848 11 throu h the present is an appropriate choice The books on this list are already approved that is if you pick one of these books you do not need approval from the professor for your choice In addition if you choose a book from the list of suggested readings at the end of each chapter in the main textbook those books are also preapproved If you want to choose a book that is not on this list it must meet the following standards 1 You must get my approval of the book prior to writing the review You can do that by email or simply by bringing the book to class or to me during of ce hours It must be non ction A novel is a work of ction and no novel is appropriate for this course The book must be appropriate for adult readers not something that you already have read in middle or high school Speci cally you may not select The Diary of Anne Frank Night by Elie Wiesel or other books meant for young adult readers This course is primarily if not exclusively about European history and its impact on the rest of the world Therefore the books you choose must focus on European lives and experiences Speci cally the book may not be about Latin American American Asian or Middle Eastern History I will not approve any book that focuses primarily or exclusively on American experiences even if they are in Europe No book for example that is a memoir of an American soldier in WW1 or WWII will be approved If you are interested in soldiers memoirs they must be by European authors If you turn in a review of a book that I did not approve especially if it violates these guidelines you will receive a grade of zero for that assignment N W 5 Equot Early Modern History Generally speaking early modern history is the period from the end of the Thirty Years War 16181648 up to the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789 During this time period most European countries were monarchies or ruled by aristocratic rulers Duke Count and etcetera so many of the suggestions here concern themselves with politics or war But this was also the period of the growth of the enlightenment and even some of the rst reactions against it that led to 1939h Century Romanticism so many of the suggestions here concern ideas and their history as well as some of the ways in which ideas spread Ronald Asch The Thirty Year s War Best modern introduction to a complex topic Steven Ozment The Burgermeister s Daughter Scandal in a Sixteenth Century German Town Note most of his books are about the Protestant reformation but he has written several others about family life in early modern Europe they are all generally good but not always easy reading for first or secondyear college students Margaret Jacob is one of the best historians writing about the culture of the Enlightenment and the Scienti c Revolution Among her more recent books are The Radical Enlightenment Pantheists F and 39 quot Strangers Nowhere in the World The Rise of Cosmopolitanism in Early Modern Europe and Scienti c Culture and the Making of the Industrial West She has also written several other books about Freemasons and the scienti c revolution all of them are good Robert Damton has written several good books about how books and ideas circulated during the Enlightenment including The Literag Underground of the Old Regime The Forbidden Best Sellers of PreRevolutiona France and The Widening Circle Essays on the Circulation of Literature in Eighteenth Centug Europe He has also written some quirky books about cultural history including George Washington s False Teeth An Unconventional g11ide to the 1839h Century and The Great Cat Massacre and other episodes in French Cultural Histog Paula Findlen has written several books about culture in early modern Italy including Possessing Nature Museums Collecting and Scienti c Culture in Early Modern Italy Natalie Zemon Davis The Return of Martin Guerre Not many history books have been made into movies but this one has It concerns a man who comes back to his village after being gone to ght in wars for several years He settles back in with his wife and family until another man comes to the village claiming to be the real Martin Guerre The book is based on the series of lawsuits led between the two men and what appears to be the testimony of his wife favoring the imposter over the real thing it is an interesting insight into ordinary life in early modern times Pierre Goubert The Ancien Regime Excellent overview of society economy and culture in France before the Revolution Also try his Louis XIV and Twenty Million Frenchmen Albert Sorel Europe under the Old Regime Dense but concise analysis of intemational politics leading up to the Revolution Jerome Blum Lord and Peasant in Russia De nitive study of Russian society Mark Overton Agricultural 39 quot in England The T f quot of the Agrarian Economy 15001850 Merry Wiesner Women and Gender in Early Modern Europe Stuart Woolf The Poor in Western Europe in the F39 39 quot and I39 quot Centuries John T Alexander Catherine the Great Life and Legend MS Anderson Peter the Great Derek Beales F quot 39 and Reform in F39 39 quot Century Europe William Beik Louis XIV and Absolutism W Doyle Venalitv The Sale of Offices in 18 h Centurv France David Fraser Frederick the Great King of Prussia Markrnan Ellis The Coffeehouse A Cultural Histog PG MaxwellStuart Witchcraft in Europe and the New World 14001800 The Enlightenment is a great period for reading primary sources Some of the major writers from this time are philosophers like John Locke David Hume and Immanuel Kant political and social writers like JeanJacques Rousseau Denis Diderot and the other writers of the Encyclopedia and of course Voltaire Peter Gay The F quot 39 The Rise of Modern Paganism Thomas Munck The F quot 39 A C quot Social History Roy Porter The Enlightenment Dorinda Outram The Enlightenment Both of these last two books provide good introductions in brief format 200 pages or fewer to recent interpretations about the nature of the Enlightenment The French Revolution and Napoleon 17891815 After World War II and the Holocaust this is probably the most written about time period in European History There are tens of thousands of books available what follows is an arbitrary selection of classic works and recent publications Georges Lefebvre The Coming of the French 39 quot and The Great Fear Classic studies still well worth reading George Rude The Crowd in The French Revolution An excerpt from this book is part of our discussion on Bastille Day He has several other books including Paris and London in the Eighteenth Century and Captain Swing coauthored with Eric Hobsbawm about antiindustrial revolts in England in the early 1800 s Richard Cobb The French and their Revolution Anything by this author is approved but he writes more in French than English David Andress The Terror Balanced treatment of an episode that provokes strong feelings Edmund Burke Re ections on the Revolution in France Written during the Revolution this primary source by an English politician is considered to be one of the most important statements of modern political conservatism Alexis De Tocqueville The Old Regime and the French Revolution Classic counterweight to Burke written by one of the fathers of European liberalism yes it is the same person who wrote Democracy in America and other classic works CLR James The Black Jacobir1s Toussair1t L Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution Classic study of the how groups like slaves and free blacks joined the French Revolution in ways which its leaders did not necessarily expect The birth of Haiti as an independent state was one of the consequences of the French Revolution Antonia Fraser Marie Antoinette The Journey Best available biography of the doomed queen If there were such a category as chick lit history this would qualify Chantal Thomas The Wicked Queen The Origins of the M h of MarieAntoinette Extensive review of contemporary pamphlets attacking the Queen helps explain where the popular anger came from Lots of adult content the propaganda of this period especially about women was pretty raunchy Caroline Weber Queen of Fashion What Marie Antoinette Wore to the Revolution A serious analysis of how clothing communicates to the world and how the wicked queen was perceived Felix Markham Napoleon Best short biography available Alan Schom Napoleon Bonaparte A Life Recent thorough but very hostile F quot Bruce Napoleon and Insenhine39 The I 39 39 39 Marriage The human side of two famous people David Howarth Waterloo Good short version of Napoleon s most famous battle The Industrial Revolution Depending on who you read it started in the early 1700 s and extended through the 19 11 Century with a second industrial revolution in the late 1800 s electricity chemistry pharmaceuticals communications and even a third one in the late 1900 s computers and the Internet There are literally thousands of books written about this topic including the social changes associated with the economic changes the impact on urban and rural workers and the political responses that grew up to it especially liberalism and socialism in all their varieties What follows are some selections that touch on many of these topics Sydney Pollard Peaceful Conquest The Industrialization of Europe 17601850 Steven King no not that one he has a ph instead of a v and Geoffrey Timrnins Making Sense of the Industrial Revolution Roger LloydJ ones and M J Lewis Manchester and the Age of the Factory The Business Structure of Cottonopolis in the Industrial Revolution Ronald Amirlzade Class Politics and Early Industrial Capitalism A Study of MidNineteenth Century Toulouse France Gary Herrigel Industrial Constructions The Sources of German Industrial Power John Merriman The Red City Limoges and the French Nineteenth Centurv Richard Evans The German Working Class 18881933 The Politics of Everyday Life John Rule The Laborir1g Classes of Early Industrial England 17501850 Edward P Thompson The Making of the English Working Class Joan Scott The Glassworkers of Carrnaux Friedrich Engels The Condition of the Working Class in England 1844 J D Bemal Science and Industry in the 19 11 Century David Landes The Unbound Prometheus Technological Change 1750 to the Present Tom Standage The Victorian Internet Explains how important the invention of the telegraph was and makes some interesting comparisons to the Internet Louise Tilly and Joan Scott Women Work and Family Michel Foucault Discipline and Punish The Birth of the Prison and Madness and Civilization Only for those who want an intellectual challenge these two short but brilliant books gave birth to postmodernism in the writing of history and of cultural criticism generally 19th Century pOIItICS and society Another area with mountains of writing to give an idea Ihave taught a course IHST 328 on Europe from 18151914 The textbook I used has a 37 page bibliography in rather small print Again the suggestions below are obviously a slim selection 1 The great ideas that dominated the 19 h Century were liberalism nationalism socialism romanticism and imperialism The great political events were the Congress of Vienna 1815 which tried to restore politics after Napoleon the revolts against that system 1820 s 1830 1848 and the creation of two new countries by unifying smaller states Italy and Germany From 18701914 there was international peace in Europe a general pattern of growth in economies personal income cultural institutions overseas empires and science and technology often referred to by its French name the Belle Epoque It ended abruptly with the outbreak of the Great War World War I in 1914 2 V W V Roger Price The Revolutions of 1848 Jonathan Sperber The European Revolutions 184851 Lilian Furst Romanticism Hugh Honour Romanticism Massimo Salvadori Liberalism is a good but old introduction to the subject John Stuart Mill is the most exemplary liberal philosopher and one of the earliest to champion women s rights as well Excellent primary source readings DK Fieldhouse Colonialism 18701945 Andrew Porter European Imperialism 18601914 Robert Robinson and John Gallagher Africa and the Victorians Published over 40 years ago and still a classic Adam Hochschild King Leopold s Ghost James Joll The Second International 18891914 Vernon Lidtke Several books on the history of the German Social Democratic Party Peter Gay The Dilemma of Democratic Socialism Harvey Goldberg The Life of Jean J aures Most famous leader of French socialism Spencer Di Scala Dilemmas of Italian Socialism The Politics of Filippo Turati Karl Marx Communist Manifesto He also wrote some great historypolitical commentary especially on 1848 See The Class Struggles in France and The 18 Brumaire of Louis Nanoleon39 for the liberal view see Alexis De Tocqueville Recollections Alan Sked Europe s Balance of Power 181548 Ernest Gellner Nations and Nationalism Eric Hobsbawm Nations and Nationalism since 1780 Adrian Hastings The Construction of I quot 39 39 Ethnicity Religion and quot quot James Sheehan German History 17701866 is a good introduction to German uni cation Hagen Schulze The Course of German Nationalism WM Simon Germany in the Age of Bismarck WD Medlicott Bismarck and Modern Germany Denis Mack Smith has written extensively on the leaders of Italian uni cation Mazzini Garibaldi and Cavour Any of his books are worth while Stuart Woolf A Histog of Italy 17001860 Derek Beales The Risorgimento and the Uni cation of Italy Harry Hearder Italy in the Age of the Risorgimento All of the above offer a case study in the application of liberalism and nationalism 20th Century Politics and Society The closer we get to the present the more information there is available and the more there is written about it In particular it has been estimated that there over 150000 books in print about World War II alone This period divides itself neatly into two areas 1 The 20 11 century it has been argued begins in 1914 not 1900 Between 1914 and 1945 Europe underwent WWI which lead to the collapse of four empires German Russian AustroHungarian and Ottoman the Russian Revolution and the rise of Communism the growth of Fascist movements two of which took power in Italy 7 1922 7 and Germany 7 1933 the development of modern arts and literature the Great Depression and then WWII and the Holocaust 2 When WWII ended Fascism was defeated by a strange alliance of Communism and democracy Europe appeared to be dominated by the United States and the USSR and the end of traditional European great power dominance seemed to have arrived By the 1960 s the decolonization period was mostly complete and the overseas European empires were replaced by independent states While the Cold War dominated international politics European states moved toward greater interdependence with the birth of the Common Market which later became the European Union In 1989 the Soviet Union collapsed ending the Cold War and giving even more scope for interdependence Aside from the civil wars in what had been Yugoslavia the peace appears to hold right up to the present World War I On the origins Laurence LaFore The Long Fuse David Fromkin Europe s Last Summer Fritz Fischer Germany s Aims in the First World War Barbara Tuchman The Guns of Aug11st Classic overview of the first month of the war Short overviews John Keegan The First World War Hew Strachan The First World War Niall Ferguson The Pig of War David Stephenson Cataclysm Long and de nitive Modris Ekstein Rites of Spring Great discussion of the role of culture in the outbreak of the war Battles and Campaigns Alistair Home The Price of Glory Verdun 1916 Leon Wolff In Flanders Fields The 1917 Campaign Norman Stone The Eastern Front 1914 17 Dennis Showalter Tannenberg Clash of Empires The opening battle on the Eastern Front This military historian teaches at Colorado College and is a proli c and thoughtful writer Any of his books would be approved for this course Mark Thompson The White War Life and Death on the Italian Front 19151919 Excellent overview of an often overlooked part of the war Italian Fascism largely grew out of the WWI experience Taner Akcam A Shameful Act The first genocide of the 203911 Century the destruction of the Armenians by the Ottoman Turks It is still against the law in Turkey to suggest publicly that the deaths of over half of the Armenians was the fault of the Turkish government Memoirs Ernst Junger Storm of Steel Henri Barbusse Under Fire Robert Graves Goodbye to all That Siegfried Sassoon Memoirs of an Infantg Of cer Vera Brittain Testament of Youth Stephen O Shea Back to the Front Journalism and history mixed together as a writer walks the line of the trenches in recent times and discusses the history of the Western Front as well Sheila Fitzpatrick The Russian Revolution Orlando Figes A People s Tragedy John Reed Ten Days That Shook the World first hand account by an American radical journalist Sheila Fitzpatrick Evegday Stalinism Stephen Kotkin Magy etic Mountain Stalinism as a Civilization Margaret McMillan Paris 1919 Excellent on the peace process and the treaties that still affect the modern world Robert Paxton The Anatomy of Fascism Develops a common de nition of fascism that crosses national borders Alexander DeGrand Italian Fascism Philip Morgan Italian Fascism 191545 Adrian Lyttleton The Seizure of Power Fascism in Italy 19191929 RJB Bosworth Mussolini and Mussolini s Italy Anthony Cardozo Mussolini The First Fascist Simonetta F alascaZamponi Fascist Spectacle The Aesthetics of Power in Mussolini s Italy Simon Martin Football and Fascism The National Game Under Mussolini Alexander Stille Benevolence and Betrayal Five Italian Jewish Families Under Fascism Ian Kershaw Best Biographer of Hitler has several books 7 all good Tim Kirk Nazi Germany Good short introduction Richard Evans The Coming of the Third Reich The Third Reich in Power and The Third Reich At War The best available but a little bit longer this series will be the definitive history of Nazism for a long time to come Richard Evans Lying About Hitler Histog Holocaust and The David Irving Trial Fascinating account of a British libel case a few years ago over Holocaust denial Evans was an expert witness in the case and it inspired him to write his history above This is an excellent book about what constitutes truth in history and how to distinguish good history from bad Claudia Koonz Nazi Culture and Mothers in the Fatherland William Sheridan Allen The Nazi Seizure of Power Classic case study of a small town Andrew Bergerson Ordinary Germans in F quot v Times The Nazi 39 quot in Hildesheim Richard Hamilton Who Voted for Hitler Thomas Childers The Nazi Voter Richard Bessel Political Violence and the Rise of Nazism Michael Kater Hitler Youth Robert Gellately Backing Hitler Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany Nicholas Stargardt Witnesses of War Children s Lives under the Nazis ZAB Zeman Nazi Propaganda Patricia Clavin The Great Depression Charles Kindleberger The World in Depression 19291939 Peter Temin Lessons from the Great Depression Wolfgang Schivelbusch Three New Deals Interesting comparison of the US New Deal Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany He doesn t believe they shared ideologies but he does suggest that there were some similar responses to similar problems These books make it clear that it was a world depression not just an American phenomenon They are also scary reminders of how similar the crisis of the late 1920 s and early 30 s was to the current economic crisis World War II and the Holocaust Note I won t approve books about American experiences in particular nothing by Stephen Ambrose is appropriate for this course Origins PMH Bell The Origins of the Second World War in Europe Overviews John Keegan The Second World War R AC Parker The Second World War Niall Ferguson War of the World Gerhard Weinberg A World At Arms De nitive but not for the casual reader 1100 pages Memoirs Willy Peter Reese A Stranger to Myself Guy Sajer The Forgotten Soldier Catherine Merridale Ivan s War Not a memoir but a social history of the Red Army Max Hastings Overlord and Armageddon Excellent books on the Normandy invasion and the last year of the war both East and West John Keegan Six Armies in Normandy Richard Bessel Nazism and War Antony Beevor Stalingrad Richard Overy Russia s War and Why the Allies Won Kenneth Slepyan Stalin s Guerrillas Soviet Partisans in WWII Curzio Malaparte The Volga Rises in Europe and The Skin Outspoken Italian war correspondent Antony Beevor A Writer at War Vasilv Grossman with the Red Army 194145 New study of one of the most famous Soviet war correspondents Holocaust There are hundreds of new memoirs every year as the survivors age but the best is still Primo Levi Survival in Auschwitz Feel free to check Morgan library for recent additions it s hard to keep up with them all Miklos Nyiszli An chwit 39 ADoctor s F quot Account Rudolf Hoss Death dealer the memoirs of the SS Kommandant at Auschwitz A different kind of memoir Eugene Kogon The Theog and Practice of Hell How the camps actually operated Raul Hilberg Perpetrators Victims Bystanders Excellent introduction by the father of Holocaust studies Edwin Black IBM and the Holocaust It wasn t only the Germans who did this Daniel Jonah Goldhagen Hitler s Willing Executioners Controversial best seller that argues it was all the German s fault Christopher Browning Ordinag Men Study of how ordinary nonNazi nonfanatic policemen could become executioners of Jews sharply differs from Goldhagen in suggesting that anybody could commit genocide under the right circumstances Doris Bergen War and Genocide A Concise Histog of the Holocaust Excellent recent overview of the subject for students From the end of WWII to the present TRReid The United States of Europe Journalism informed by history James Sheehan Where Have All the Soldiers Gone Argues that combined impacts of WWI and WWII have lead Europeans to give up on military strength as a path to greatness new and thoughtprovoking Roy Ginsberg Demysti ing the European Union Mark Kurlansky 1968 The year when everything exploded covers Europe US and Asia as well as related actions like the protests in Mexico City leading up to the Olympics Fritz Stern Dreams and Delusions The Drama of German History John Gaddis We Now Know Rethinking Cold War History Arthur Marwick The Sixties Cultural Revolution in Britain France Italy and the United States Adam Hochschild The Unguiet Ghost Russians Remember Stalin Gale Stokes The Walls Came Tumbling Down The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe Timothy Garton Ash The Magic Lantern The revolution of 3989 witnessed in Warsaw Budapest Berlin and Prag11e Books that cover more than one era Phillip Knightley The First Casualty The War C 39 as Hero and MvthMaker from Crimea to Iraq Therese Delpech Savage Century Back to Barbarism Mark Mazower Dark Continent Europe s Twentieth Centurv Norman Naimark Fires of Hatred Ethnic Cleansing in 203911 Centurv Europe From the Armenian genocide of WWI era to the wars in the former Yugoslavia in the 1990 s Niall Ferguson The Cash Nexus Money and Power in the Modern World 17002000 Orlando Figes Natasha s Dance A Cultural HistorV of Russia Catherine Merridale Night of Stone Death and Memog in 20 11 Centu Russia JM Winter and F 39 Sivan War and 39 in the 203911 Centurv