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World History, Ancient

by: Guadalupe Kilback

World History, Ancient HIST 170

Marketplace > Colorado State University > History > HIST 170 > World History Ancient
Guadalupe Kilback
GPA 3.76

Judy Gaughan

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Judy Gaughan
Class Notes
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This 23 page Class Notes was uploaded by Guadalupe Kilback on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 170 at Colorado State University taught by Judy Gaughan in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see /class/210019/hist-170-colorado-state-university in History at Colorado State University.


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Date Created: 09/21/15
2911 Clicker Questions 1 Qin Dynasty Effective bureaucracy rapidly rising agricultural output growing population political philosophy called legalism scholars executed books burned uniform system of currency Early China Shang Dynasty vers I Yellow River Yangtze River Wei River q A er Xia Dynasty I No record of this dynasty 1 5001 045 Chariot appears Cultural Continuity Capital Anyang near Yellow River Chronological context I Assyrian Empire 1245612 I New Kingdom Egypt 15391069 I Israelites reenter Palestine between 12901250 I First Olrnec remains ca 1200 Geography I Mountains Deserts Steppe Lands Origin Stories I Shang Dynasty gt T39ang Figure 1 China A man of great virtue and wisdom who over threw Chieh aChieh was the emperor of previous dynasty gt 1 5 00 1 0 45 Characteristics gt More Centralized than in Xia Dynasty I Warfare gt A lot of wars so that the emperor and protect his people Wars take place on the borders of the territory not in the center which differentiates the Shang Dynasty from other empires Usually against nonurbanized populations mostly to the northern border 0 ulations I Kingship Emperor gt Polygamist More than one wife PLAYER LilL40 gt Religion V Intermediary between heaven and earth and helps with the relationship with the gods are good V King has an afterlife a Sacri ces made to the King i Variety of forms including human Hundreds of slaves and prisoners were buried with the emperor Veneration worship of ancestors a Ancestors live in heaven but keep an eye on their family on earth i Demonstrates strong family bonds ii Behavior appropriately V Divination a Oracle Bones carved questions onto a animal bone to get answer from the gods i Enigmatic ii Archaic bWriting i Pictographic l The image looks like the thing you are talking about ii Ideographic iii Modern day Chinese writing still maintains similarity with their old written language I Tributes to prevent war gt Horses Slaves Ivory Turtle Shells I Women gt Tomb of Fu Hao V First wife of the 215t king Wu Ding of the Shang Dynasty V Contained several hundred jades axes arrowheads a polished casket V Buried with 6 human beings and 6 dogs gt Fu Hao V Possessed a forti ed town and was the leader of this town a Town was a military agricultural and religious unit bPossibly a kingship unit V Oracle Bones say a Fu Hao could conduct sacrificial ceremonies bFu Hao was leading armies i Fu Hao once led 13000 troops V Afterlife i Posthumous name name received after she died 1 Si Mu Xin ii Weapons inscribed with name iii Fu Hao had sacrifices made to her after she died she was worshiped for quite awhile after she died V Implications a She was an elite member of society rather than like a women of other classes bSacrifices are only made to the lst wife of the emperor lt c Got status from her husband I Society gt Class Gender Power Theocratic Women achieved status from either their husband or their sons Conspicuous Consumption a Elite Class had lots of money while the rest of the population worked hard to provide for the Elite Class Attitudes Toward Women It is unlucky to give birth to a girl Clan vs Family Villages organized by Clans Clan was a way of selfidenti cation gt Class Aristocracy a Own most of the land bSpend lots of time ghting c Serve as of cials of the emperor Merchants and Artisans small middle class Peasants agricultural based majority of population Slaves a Criminals or Prisoners of war bPossibly you would be a slave if your parents were a slave o Decline of Shang Dynasty I Ended with ignominious rule bad rule of Emperor Chou gt Emperor Chou was overthrown I Next Dynasty would be led by a virtuous ruler gt King Wen and Son Wu V V xxx 21 1 l l Clicker Questions 1 Chinese dynasties chronological order is Shang Zhou Qin Han 2 Zhou philosophers rst articulated the quotMandate of Heavenquot which is a politicalsocial philosophy about the responsibilities of the King 3 Zhou dynasty was protofeudal 1 Zhou Dynasty 0 Western Zhou 1045771 I Legitimizing the New Dynasty I Chronology I Geography gt Size of china increases over time I Continuity I Political Organization gt Decentralized gt Protofeudal V Hereditary aristocracy gt Longest lived dynasty in china I Political Change gt Feudal decrease gt Increased centralization V Local V Taxation I Demise gt Rebellion gt Nomads gt Corruption gt Military mistakes Eastern Zhou 770221 I Fragmentation I Subdivisions gt Spring and autumn V 770476 gt Walring States V 475221 V Little in the sense of centralized authority V Constant chaos Aliens arrive on earth 6 15 h BCE ANYONE ELSE CONFUSED LOL gt Confucius gt Socrates gt Buddha gt Zoroaster I Mandate of Heaven 11 Qin Dynasty Chronology I 221207 BCE I Shin Huangdi Geography Political Organization I Uni cation I Centralization gt Everything is based on centralized power I Standardization gt Weights and measures gt Writing characters gt Massive construction of roads I Legalism Rigidly enforced system of laws no exibility absolute gt Military might is paramount SUPREME NOW WHY COULDN39T SHEJUST SAY THAT gt Books are burned and scholars are killed so that no one will think any other way wants everyone to live the same way I Construction of the great walls I Legalism Confucianism state Confucianism 2141 l CLICKER QUESTIONS 1 The rst dynasty with archaeological evidence was Shang Dynasty 2 The idea of quotMandate of Heaven originated in the Zhou Dynasty 3 The policy of legalism occurred in the Qin Dynasty 1 Fall of Qin Dynasty 0 Shin Huangdi I Brutal in his attempts to make everyone follow the same rules and laws across the entire empire o Legalism 0 Standardization e Mfu av o Conscr1pted rf 39 Lx Forced Labor 7W I The Great Wall of W K i China was built by forced labor hi J V and then if a laborer died they 3 i 7quot were put into the Great Wall Figure 3 Zhou Dynasty 0 Taxation I Heavily taxed population direction taxation of the peasants o All of the above led to dissatisfaction among demise of the dynasty I Usurped the power H Han Dynasty Final Figure 4 Qin Dynasty Foundation of Chinese Empire 0 People of the Han 0 Language of the Han o Chronology I 206 BCE to 220 CE 0 Han inherited Qin government I Tripartite 3 parts to the government gt Civilian a 7 7 gt itary Han Dynasty u 206 597 22a gt Censorate Figure 5 Han Dynasty I Control of local of cials I Merit Liu Bang Han Kao Tsu the exalted Emperor of Han ordered this gt Recommendations gt Exams 165 BCE gt Training o Other Characteristics of the Han I Bureaucracy gt So much in the government that there will be less people to do all the other work I Taoism I Silk Road gt Connects people from the east to the west gt Paths from China to the Mediterranean I Paper 0 Economy very successful I Peasants gt Not as heavily taxed as they were during the Qin Dynasty but taxed through direct taxation gt Population triples I Taxation I Population I Trade 21611 CLICKER QUESTIONS 1 I II Akkadian gt Old Babylonian gt Assyrian gt Neo Babylonian smallest to biggest land ownership Cyrus the Great 0 Conquers most of Neo Babylonian o Successor Darius I I 521486 I Uncle was Cambyses In power for a little while gt Is insane and doesn39t pay attention to what he should Revolts start Empire begins to split up a Darius pulls the empire back together 21811 CLICKER QUESTIONS 1 The Rock Edicts of Ashoka suggest that Ashoka s conversion to Buddhism resulted in his concern for his subjects regardless of caste 5 meant an increase respect for animal life 2 was inspired by remorse over the destruction and slaughter of the Kalingas gave rise to government involvement in the teaching of religious beliefs He did not believe that all the subjects of the Mauryan empire should convert to Buddhism Han Dynasty 0 State Confucianism I Education I Civil Service 0 Economy I Peasants gt Direct taxation gt Less taxation gt Militarylabor obligations Month I Trade gt Merchants heavily taxed and not allowed in politics gt State controlled trade not eagerly I Silk Road gt China to places west not a ton but some connections I Prosperity gt Wealth led to a increase of population which led to a decrease in prosperity 0 Population increase from 20 to 60 million I Growing bureaucracy I Decreasing available arable land gt 1 acre per capita o Taoism and invention of paper Fire gt Agriculture gt Paper II Introduction to India 0 After Indus Valley Civilization I Rivers start to dry up in Indus Valley leads to people leaving the area I People move into the Caucasus Mountain I Lots of movement around the world leading to lots of distress o Centuries of Decline ca 1500 BCE Figure 6 India 0 Politics of Scholarship I Aryan Invasion History or Propaganda gt Possibly a gradual transition gt Vedic Texts Indra God comes down to the earth and takes over the world aNo archeological evidence of a military conquest o Chronology I Aryan Period gt Aryan Government 1000400 BCE Regional Kingdoms and Tribes aRajaChief bCouncil of Elders cWarrior Class Rajas to Maharaj as aDefeated by Chandragupta founder of the Mauryan Empire i Reigned from 321301 ii Arthashastra bMauryan Empire i 321 185 Vedic Age of Literature 1500500 BCE End of Middle Assyrian Empire 1076 Egypt Third Intermediate Period 1069 Uni ed Kingdom in Judah 1020 Peak of the Dark Ages in Greece 1000 Rise of Zhou Dynasty 1045 0 Mauryan Empire Figure 7 Maulyan Empire I Government gt Defeated by Alexander the Great Alexander dies and his empire does not stay working for long after his death gt Ashoka becomes Ruler Ashoka converts to Buddhism I Society gt Social Hierarchy Historical aAryans arrived in India possessing a strong system ruling warrior class i Light skin led to higher social status Religious a Hinduism i Varna 1 In English it means Caste AKA color 2 Determines your occupation status and hopes of ultimate salvation ii Castes l Brahmins Priestly Caste Born into this position Religious rulers folk Aristocracy Mostly Aryans hatriyas Warrior Caste Aristocracy Mostly Aryans 3 Vaishyas 1 Mercantile Caste 1 Commoners 1 Can hunt keep cattle 1 Receive corn from the king VVVVVV o o o 99 0 O 0 O 0 o o 0 N 5 00 o 0 o o 0 Wanderers that dwell in tents 4 Shudras Lower Class Bulk of India civilians 39239 Possibly not fully Aryan v Peasants manual laborers Artisans v Limited rights in society 5 ntouchables 39239 Pariahs 239 Outcasts of India Society outside of the Caste system 0 Possibly slaves and prisoners of war 39239 Given most menial of labors 7 5 of the total population of India work with the dead iii Survival of Caste System 1 Identity 2 Incorporation 3 Welfare 39239 Jarte help to support 4 Stability 39239 Order helps to create stability 5 Religion 221 1 l Clicker Questions 1 Zoroastrianism in uenced Judaism in the following ways notion of a last judgment idea II of a coming savior con ict of god against evil counterpart and remaking of the world at the end of time They did not in uence them with the idea of followers are the chosen of god Extra Points on Midterm by Sunday Read what you wrote next time I will do this to make my essay better Israelites in Cannan Palestine Thesis The Israelites39 understanding of their god and their relationship to their god changed over the course of their history as a result of external and internal political developments Themes I Justification of rule I politics and religionbelief systems Documentary Hypothesis I Inconsistencies I Repetitions I Stylistic difference Four Main Sources I J gt God s name is always presented as YHVH J ahwehJehovah I E gt God s name is presented as Elohim Hebrew for GodPower until revelation of God s name to Moses after which God is referred to as YHVH I D 111 gt Source that wrote Deuteronomy and books of Joshua Judges I and 11 Samuel I and 11 Kings I P gt Priestly material 0 Uses Elohim and El Shaddai as names of God Prehistory 0 Into and out of Palestine Canaan I Slavery in Egypt and then they left Egypt during the reign of Ramses the 11 Political I Desert nomads gt Values of nomadic people Brotherhood sisterhood Hospitality Asylum a A safe place to go protection Vendetta a Revenge 0 Religious I Austere god demanding loyalty gt Exodus 203 15t Great Political Change 0 Political I Tribal Sedentary agriculturalists I Ca 1200 BCE71020 o Chronological Context I Assyrian Empire 1245612 I New Kingdom Egypt 15391069 I Demise of Hittites 1210 0 Religious I Ba al I Fertility festivals of Yahweh gt Leviticus 233343 the feastthe festival of Sukkot God instructs the people to have this festival 2quotd Political Change 0 Unified Kingdom I Saul gt 10201000 20 years I David gt 1000970 30 years I Solomon gt 970930 40 years 0 Central Government I Wars I Soldiers I Treaties I Administrators I Taxes Tension between divine and human authority I quotDavid s Cityquot AKA Jerusalem I 2 Samuel 5 0 Physical I Temple I Ark APPARENTLY SOMETHING IS IMPORTANT IN THISAREA LMAO KELSEY DOESN 39TKNOWIT EITHER SO WE BOTH FAILED Q I History of Jahweh39s great deeds I Experience of the people from the time of Abraham I Book of quotJquot JENGA TO REMEMBER LOL gt Genesis gt Exodus gt Numbers gt Judges VI 3rd Great Political Change 0 Political I 2 kingdoms gt After the death of DaVid gt 930 BCE gt Israel north gt Judah south Jerusalem 0 Religious I Literature Israel gt Historical Narrative To look at how things are you look at how the relationship was between god and the people before Why things are or are not working right are related to relationship between people and god gt Prophets I Deuteronomy gt Book of quotDquot gt Ca 721 VII Assyrian Empire 0 Israel is destroyed I People dispersed and lost VIII ChaldeanNeoBabylonian Empire IX 43911 Great Political Change 0 Political I Babylonian ExileCaptivity 586538 gt Priests and powerful elite of Judah o Circumstances I Attractions of gt Millennia of religious and literary tradition Incorporate older religion into their texts Cling more closely to their own god gt Babylonian Gods gt Far from temple in Jerusalem I Desires of Priests gt Maintain religion gt Religion without physical center 0 Religious consequences of Babylonian captivity I Second Isaiah Isaiah 4066 gt quotHeaven is my throne and the earth is my footstool iIsaiah 661 gt Monotheism o Persian Empire Cyrus the Great I Allowed all the captives go home 5Lh Great Political Change 0 Post EXilic Israel 538 BCE I Monotheism 0 Politics I Governor of Jerusalem gt Nehemiah F01tif1cation Repopulation 0 Religion I Return to David39s city postponed I Ezra gt Laws The most signi cant way to identify yourself as a Jew gt Tabemacles 22311 Clicker Questions 1 According to Genesis 3 the eXile from Eden is mostly Eve s fault The Israelites o The Israelites understanding of their god and their relationship to their god changed over the course of their history as a result of external and internal political developments 0 Documentary Hypothesis I Books of Bible including TorahPentateuch gt Written over time gt By many people gt In different political circumstances 5Lh Great Political Change 0 4 11 was Babylonian Exile I Nebuchadnezzar 586 BCE 0 Post eXilic Israel 538 BCE I 2quotd temple period 0 Politics I Diaspora I Temple State within provinces of Persian Empire gt Governor of Jerusalem Nehemiah 455 BCE a Fortify i Rebuilds the city wall bRepopulate i 10 people from each family go to Jerusalem gt Ideal Kingdom 0 Religion I Dif culties gt In Israel Insigni cant city state gt In Diaspora Far from the temple Far from other Jews I Mosaic Law Law of Moses gt To overcome the dif culties people in Israel and Diaspora were supposed to observe Mosaic Law gt Loosely de ned before this time and then they became stricter You HAVE to obey the laws gt Ezra ca 400 BCE Laws a Goes to the temple and reads the laws to the people then explains the laws to the people Tabernacle a Feast of the Tabernacle bSwear to obey laws This begins the importance of modern day study I Knowledge of Law I Ideal kingdom NOT on Earth gt Deuteronomy 60039s BCE notion that ideal kingdom is on earth III Interpretation of Teth 0 Adam and Eve I Eve gt Didn39t have to eat apple gt Gave Adam apple gt Got apple from a snake gt Punishment labor Pains and husband will rule over you I Adam gt Didn39t have to eat apple gt Punishment work in toil I Snake gt Punishment hated by all I Does God lie I The man has become one of us I Men rule women LAME NOT TRUE LMAO I Pandorization of Eve gt Eve gets a bad rap from this story 22 5 11 Clicker Questions 1 According to Strayer the politics of the Greeks have expansionist in common with the Persian government Persian expansionism is through conquest and military conquest while Greek was done through colonization Persians have one single political unit and monarchies people are subjects Greeks had monarchies early in their earlier history and they had different concepts of citizenship 1 Greece 0 Political Diversity I Not a country but a shared culture Philosophy Citizenship I Citizens are expected to participate in politics 0 Greek Governments I Athenian gt Strategoi Generals V 9 generals that rotate through the role day by day V Elected by assembly gt 9 Archons V Rulers V Elected by Lot basically names in hat religion involved in the process Anyone can be the ruler gt Council of 500 V Probouleutic decide what legislation is going to come before the assembly V Annual body nearly every adult male citizen in Athens will serve on the council at some point during his life gt Assembly of the people V All adult male citizens gt Democracy V Ruled by the demos people I Spartan gt 2 Kings V Hereditary position gt 5 Ephors V Support the kings V Chosen by election by acclamation gt Gerousia V Council of 30 old men at least 60 years old to be on the council V Senate V Decide what legislation comes before the Spartiates V Gerousia chosen are voted by acclamation gt Assembly of Spartiates gt Helots Like medieval serfs bound to the land a You sell your property and the Helots come with the land Provide food for the Spartiates gt Perioikoi Free citizens but do not make any decisions for Spartan government II Achaemenid Persians In uence on Athenians Marathon 490 BCE I Athenians win gt Spartans couldn39t help because they had to wait for full moon gt Persians were slaves to king gt Athenians were free people just began on path to democracy Sparta and Athens join together 480479 BCE I Defeat Persians again I Athenians have a great navy which helps them to win Athenians I Get an empire and takeover ght against Persians III Pericles Thucydides says I am going to tell you what people said in their speeches or what they should have said IV Thucydides Perikles39 funeral Oration Perikles describes Athenian democracy American statesman plagiarized from Perikles I Lincoln His argument for democracy derive from fundamental principles such as human equality or from practical benefits that derived from such a system What does Perikles think is Athens39 relationship with its neighbors I We get along really well with the neighbors because we are all in this together APPARENTLY THIS ISBULLSHIT gt Litigious society went to court a lot What kinds of citizens does he believe democracy produces Keep in mind that not everyone shared his idealized view of Athenian democracy How might critics have responded to his arguments 22811 Clicker Questions 1 I Spartans Peloponnesian War 411403 I Spartans are victorious over Athenians Oligarchy is aristocracy the 30 II Be familiar with Melos dialect Successful democracy Mede is Persians III Women IV Clicker Q 1 Th Pericles I quotSay anything on the subject of female excellence to those of you who will now be in widowhood it will be all comprised in this brief exhortation Great will be your glory in not falling short of your natural character and greatest will be hers who is least talked of among the men whether for good or for badquot I Don39t know the names of most women except for geishas such as Aspasia Euphiletus I quotMembers of the jury when I decided to marry and had brought a wife home at first my attitude towards her was this I did not wish to annoy her but neither was she to have too much of her own way Iwatched her as well as I could and kept an eye on her as was proper But later after my child had been born I came to trust her and I handed all my possessions over to her believing that this was the greatest possible proof of affectionquot gt Cuckold a man whose wife is having sex with someone else gt Providing a son has done her job in the marriage agreement less of an alien because she contributes to the family gt Managing household shows that women had some education Story of Pandora I Misogynistic Spartan Women vs Athenian Women Spartan Women I Obligation is to have sons gt Healthy women make healthy sons so they must work to be healthy and strong I More educated I Marriage is about the same either male or female I Wear less clothing I Everything you do serves the state Athenian Women I Obligation is to have son I High class prostitutes are educated I Women tend to marry younger to older men I Stay covered up 3 4 l l uestions e Roman Senate controls public money Censors are responsible for public works senate is responsible for sending embassies abroad Quaestors can serve as financial officers The Roman Senate does not decide against whom the Romans will wage war N Ro E I Ch 0 man Empire Persian Empire Mauryan Empire Han Dynasty from west to east Polybius sees three divisions of government ronology Roman Republic 50930 BCE China I Eastern Zhou Warring States 475221 BCE I Qin 221207 BCE I Han 206 BCE 220 CE II III 0 India I Mauryan Empire 321185 BCE 0 Greece I Classical Age 499323 BCE I Hellenistic Age 32330 BCE Classical Through Hellenistic Greece Citystates Politically independent I Athens I Sparta Greeks come into contact with Persian Empire I Persian Expansion gt Takeover of Greek Citystates Alexander III of Macedon I Philip II gt Conquers Greece but dies when Alexander is young I Alexander takes over gt Convinces Greeks to follow him Uses forces gt Goes East to Persian empire to free the Greeks Keeps moving east and he takes over Persian Empire I Alexander dies and the entire kingdom collapses gt Hellenistic Kingdoms emerge Hellas place Hellenic adjective Cleopatra VII I Last of Hellenistic monarchs I Died 30 BCE In uence of Hellenistic Period in Rome I Literature I Philosophy gt Stoicism gt Epicureanism I Royal Power Rome Does Rome have a Republic I No largely an aristocracy Founded 753 BCE I Along the Tiber River in Italy I Founded as a monarchy 509 BCE 7 30 BCE I Republic I res publica 30 BCE 7 479 CE I 3rd political form of government Polybius Bvilannla Germania Garmanva Sarmaha w gag Germama Luguunansxs 39 mgmena l G I H V Nuivwm Dacha Aqu nanin mmnansw Cmst Gillie213 6 AilquotTa Tumnwia H s 13 A N I A 396 quot Elm Sardinia Baleares Thrada 7 Eilhynla l Pnnfui 39 3 6 Armenia ASIAQ Fhrygia Lycra saEpadqqa Baelica gmm Slcilla Achaia u cm ra m i 44 a 9 Swan Sy a 050 1 a Palesilna Aeayvm mm I Ca 200120 BCE I Sees three divisions of the Government gt Aristocracy Problem xed by The Senate Problem with Aristocracy Oligarchy Senate gives advice to Consuls Richest people are in the Senate gt Monarchy Problem xed by The consuls Problem with Monarchy Tyranny Veto power over one another a No appeal or override of a veto gt Democracy Problem xed by the People as they meet in assemblies Problem with Democracy Ochlocracy ruled by the mob Only the People make laws Conduct elections I Modifying Polybius39 conclusions gt Political quotmonarchicquot a Annual government bVeto power over each other in Consuls c Consuls go back into the Senate i Part of aristocratic party d Consuls get advice from Senate quotDemocraticquot a Assemblies i Timocratic 1 Power based on wealth 2 Assemblies weighted toward the wealthier people in population ii Presiders Social a Roman republic is an aristocracy bNepotism i For the Romans this was a good thing I Polybius s accuracy gt Hierarchical Pyramid SenatorsEquestrians Ordinary Citizen Slaves gt PatronClient Relationship Patron is higher Client is lower gt Roman System is very personal If you do not do something good for your client or patron your reputation becomes bad gt Relationships among equals Friendship amicitia is based upon doing things for one another V Enemyship inimicitia is if you do something bad to me I ll do something bad to you V Family gt Personalized system V Which is why you take other peoples advice Military successes eventually led to demise of Roman Republic 0 Roman empire gets too big for the system to handle 0 Military Successes I Enemies in the West gt Tribal gt Carthage V Hannibal I Enemies in the East gt Hellenistic V Macedon V Seleucids V Ptolemies o Pressures I Economy gt They get really rich gt Huge number of slaves I Government gt Economic and Social Elite V More opportunities to get really rich I Military gt Generals are political leaders IV 3 07 l l Clicker Questions 1 1 Rome 0 Military Successes eventually led to demise of republic I Pressures gt Society V Hierarchical V Personal a Amicitia Friendship Inimicitia bPatronClient c Family V Obligations a Protect one39s friends bAttack one s enemies c Defend one s own and families honor i Extremely important to the Romans d Achieve one s own and families Glory i Must surpass everyone around you gt Economy V Wealth V Slaves a Agriculture i Dispossessed Farmers ii Urban poor 1 Attempts to reform 39239 KINGSHIP is ANATHEMA Kingship is greatly hated by the Romans 39239 133 BCE first person to be assassinated in Rome He tried to reform the land and stepped on another person s toes V Citizen is a farmer and a soldier gt Government gt Military V Resolving economic problems a Generals and land distribution to the veterans V Soldiers a Poor bItalians V Generals Governors Senators vs Senate V Military Pressures are increased by Values a Ever increasing glory i Julius Caesar39s Uncle Marius l 7 consulships 39239 Defeat of an enemy in Africa 39239 Defeat of Gauls 11 Civil Wars 4930 BCE o Triumvirate I Antony I Lepidus I Octavian 4430 BCE part of civil war gt Becomes Augustus 27 BCE Creates a stable empire Pretends it is not a monarchy Refers to self as first among equals Gives it back V Takes only some provinces gt gt gt gt V In charge of almost all armies in Rome V Grain supply V No political posts a Maius imperium more power bTribunicia potestas tribunician power i Veto power over everyone else PontifeX Maximus a Priesthoods senators lt Sensor III Chronology o Augustus 30 BCE 7 14 CE 0 Vespasian 6979 CE 0 Aelius Aristides ca 155 CE IV Republic to Empire 0 How does Vespasian articulate his power differently from Augustus and why I Senate and people I Dictatorship I Aqueducts I Temples 0 Where are consistent elements in the three different articulations of Roman imperial political power that you read and what changes over time 3 9 ll Clicker Questions The African North East religious traditions in uenced by contact with Mediterranean civilizations long distance trading connections urban centers monumental architecture written language imperial ambitions 2 Bantu Region south of Equator accelerated movement of peoples cultural adaptation focus of worship on ancestor or nature spirits variety of means of accessing leadership roles in different areas 3 August is connected to the Roman Empire 4 Asoka is connected to the Mauryan Empire 5 Kautilya is connected to the Mauryan Empire 6 Shi Haungdi is connected to the Qin Dynasty 7 Cleopatra VII is connected to the Ptolemaic Kingdom I Mesoamerica o 638 C E I Chan Bahlum gt Put three slits into his penis and then inserted paper into the slits CAN ANYONE SAY quotO Wquot 11 Attributes of Mesoamerica Civilization 0 Highly stratified society 0 Specialized religious architecture 0 Anthropomorphic religious iconography I Gods with human forms 0 Urbanization 0 Long distance exchange 0 Writing 0 Calendar s 111 Geography 0 Olmec I Peninsula I First complex society in America39s IV Ma Olrn ee Pollt s Cltyrkmgdoms gt Don tbeeome erues Share sarne eulture andlanguage re al eenters Evldenee of elass dlfferennanon Mostpeople don tllve m eenters butrn the sunoundlng areas andeonne rntot ertres for speelal oeeaslons lg on and ests llve ln centers rueal suueture a gt Lower elass farrn bulld dltehes and otherrnenral l or Pnestklng at the top Polrtres andR lon Blg heads proteet the borders othe eerernonlal eenters Wate ls rrnportantto the rellglon gt Theyllve m lowlands and wetlands gt Watery sprnts m dlvlne realrn I gt Pn SoelorPol La Vent v3 and the earthlyhuman realrn artre eets connection between rnanne world and the agneulture harge ofealendars Eeonornv and Culture Olrnee arufaets found as far south as ala and El Salvador even a few m tuw uanmausma Avenue a rm South Amenea Dernlse Peaks 1 900B CE CaSUUBCErEUUBCE Unknown as to what exactly happens olrnee demlse around 100 E CE gt Ceremomal sltes evolve rnto ertres vans Moved uphlll from olrnee andllve m the hlghlands Polrtr Cltermgdoms Slze of eltyrkjngdoms vary greatly A territory that is less than a square kilometer A territory that covers 123 square kilometer s Averages the amount of territory you could walk in a single day I Lots of war gt No standing armies but frequent war gt War tribute is important to rulers Politics of Rule I Economic gt work of the peasants gt Tribute from other rulers I Charisma gt Politics depend very strongly on the notion of the individual leader big man or big woman Must be a charismatic ruler gt Supernatural origins give the king and the kings family the right to rule I Religion Politics and Religion I Chan Bahlum gt Palenque gt Cutting rituals are acts of piety performed by the ruler Part of the accession ritual Shedding or royal blood is essential to the world s survival Palenque people will regain fertility Blood often drawn from tongue genitals ears and cheeks Blood associated with rain RAIN ISA WESOME BLOOD ISA WESOME RAIN IS BLOOD AND BOTH ARE AWESOME TH US A WESOMENESS IS E VIDENT Q a Rain essential to agriculture bImitating gods with blood sacrifice c Gods make the world bountiful I Lady Xoc wife of Lord Shield Jaguar gt In Yaxchilan I Pyramid at Temple of the Great Jaguar gt 47 meters high 0 Demise I Kept fighting each other and this weakened them substantially VI Test chapters 47 essays from back of chapter again will include today39s lecture xxxxx


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Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.