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Western Civilization, Modern (GT

by: Guadalupe Kilback

Western Civilization, Modern (GT HIST 101

Marketplace > Colorado State University > History > HIST 101 > Western Civilization Modern GT
Guadalupe Kilback
GPA 3.76

Jodie Kreider

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Jodie Kreider
Class Notes
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Guadalupe Kilback on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 101 at Colorado State University taught by Jodie Kreider in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see /class/210020/hist-101-colorado-state-university in History at Colorado State University.


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Date Created: 09/21/15
REVIEW for MIDTERM EXAM Wednesday October 9th 400 pm in Clark A102 How do Ireview for the midterm exam Use your textbook The midterm will cover Chapters 1 2 3 4 5 and 6 Study the LECTURE NOTES for each chapter posted on RAMCTBlackboard Reread Introductions and Summaries both Curtain Call and Summary Sections Familiarize yourself with the de nitions of Key Terms listed at the end of each chapter Note De nitions of all Key Terms are also listed in the Glossary Will we be asked to identify textbook photographs No Will we asked to identify margin quotes or reference articles No Exceptions Those quotes contained in the lecture notes NOTE There are no lecture notes posted for Chapter 5 Know the de nitions for the following terms artistic director ensemble call scrims dramaturg greenroom ghost light at producer prompt book mission statement teasers repertory stage manager prop cyclorama technical director stagehand stage door legs choreographer vocal coach repertory curtain Which SPOTLIGHTS do we need to know Chapter One Plato Aristotle and the Theatre Arts Chapter Two Copyright Law Infringement Public Domain amp Parody Chapter Three Blackface Redface Yellowface Chapter Four Who Attends Performing Arts Events Chapter Five The Production Organization Figure 51 Chapter Six How Many Acts How Many Intermissions What do Ineed to bring to the exam A sharpened 2 lead pencil Your CSU Student ID NOTE Scantron Answer Sheets bubble sheets will be provided How are the test questions formatted Multiple Choice Note You must choose the BEST possible answer TrueFalse Matching Terms to De nitions 15Point Short Answer Essay Will I have enough time You will have 75 minutes for the test which is designed to be taken in 50 minutes What is the point value of Exam 1 125 points possible WhenHow will grades be posted By 5 pm Friday online in the RamCT grade book Congress ofVienna 18141815 conference of major European powers to est a new balance of power at the end of the Napoleonic Wars Facetoface negotiations between the great powers to settle the boundaries of European states and determine who would rule each nation afterthe defeat of Napoleon Goal was to achieve postwar stability by establishing secure states with guaranteed borders but this was not always feasible due to the complexity of politics and multiple claims tothe same territory Resolved various international trade issues agreeingtothe abolishment ofthe slave tradeCreated consenatism which gave people reasons to trust in their governmentsLeague of Nations association of states set up after WWI to resolve international conflicts through open and peaceful negotiationGalipoi British and Frenchmilitary campaign that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula between apri1915 an jan 1 Aimed to secure a sea route to RussiaFought against the OttomansResulted in great casualties ofAustralian and New Zealand troops quotAnzac DayquotRomanticism artist and literary movement in the late 18 quot and 19 quot centuries that involve a protest againstagainst classicism appealed tothe passions ratherthan he intellect and emphasized the beauty and power of natureConservatism A 19 quot century ideology intended to prevent a recurrence of the revolutionary changes ofthe 17905 and the implementation of liberal policieslJ39beraism An ideology based on the conviction that individual freedom is ofsupreme importance and the main responsibility of gov is to protectthat freedomBelief in Laissezfaire economicsCommunism The revolutionary form of socialism developed by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that promoted the overthrow of bourgeois orcapitalist institutions and the establishment ofa dictatorship of the proletariatSociaism An ideology calling for the ownership ofthe means of production bythe community with t e purpose of reducing inequalities of income wealth opportunity and economic powerNationaism the beliefthatthe people who form a nation should have their own political institutions and the interests of the nation should be defended an 39 quot laiuev 39 39 4 39 39p39 that 39 39 39 not regulate or otherwise intenene in the economy unless it is necessawto protect property rights and public orderCentral in Liberalismlndush39ia Revolu on 17601850 period offundamental changes inagriculture textile and metal manufacture 39 nomic pulitie and 39 39 39 in EnglandSpinning Jenny 1764 british invention byJames Hargreaves Reduce of producing yarnCould work with 8 or more spools at one time When combined with the engines produced in the Industrial Revolution this allowed a small child to replace and outproduce a skilled weaverTurnpikes toll roads enabled by Parliament to collect funds used to maintain them 18 quot and 19 quot ntur39 H39 39n ou system simple decentralized method of producing manufactured goods Materials wasdistributed to home workers to create products Main precursor to the factoryAowed for economic growth during the industrial revolution priortothe fartnrvc 39 J J J L 39e itefut a product and its availability affects the priceA Christmas Carol written by F 39 39 39 in 1843 1 1 1 F 39 Ireformerthat helped found utopian socialism and the cooperative movementTrade unionism the uniting of workers and union leaders in a particulartrade used to protect and promote theircommon interests Negotiate pay benefits quot g 39 39 ect Karl M 39 39 4 t e radical form of socialism communism They concluded that history advances through a process they called the dialect The Communist Manifesto 1848 Marx amp Engels call to action promoting Communism the overthrowing of quotbourgeoisquot or capitalist institutions ampthetransfer of political powerto the proletariat Hence create a quotclasslessquot society Camilo Cavour f 39 39 39 39 Minister of 39 39 439 39 un Victor Emmanuel II Forged the kingdom of Italy 1861Founder ofthe Italian Liber Italian revolutionary and politician whofought to unify Italy Southern Italy and SicilyLed nationalist soldiers to capture Sicily Known as the Red Shirts Voters gave him powerto unify PiedmontSardinia 18071882 Guerilla warfareZoverein freetrade zone including all German states ExceptAustria Prussia went to great lengths to exclude the Austrians from the economic union0tto von Bismarck 1867 Creates North German ConfederationStarts FrancoPrussian War 187071 by settin Napoleon III with a pamphlet making him declare war German statesman who unified German states into a powerful empire Previously the Prime Minister of Prussia Father ofGermany First Chancellor of a unified Germany in the 19th century after Napoleon made Germany into 30 states Created borderdisputes with Austria to provoke warProvoked war with France to unite all GermansCreated strong authoritarian regimeKaiser Wilhelm ll German Emperor fired Bismarck r 18881918 through aggressive military and imperial expansion he wanted to identify national 39 39 39 39 39vrmm quot L39 quot g 39 territurie abroad to make up forthe loss of national territory Rooted in wounded national prideFrancoPrussian War 18701871 War between France and Prussia Unified Germany against French enemy and resulted in France s loss of key territories Lorraine and Alsace France lost due to Prussian army s superior use of railroads to mobilize troops Prussian side led by Bismarck At Policies developed afterthe revolutions of 1848 and initially associated with nation building they were based on realism ratherthan on the romantic notions of earlier nationalists The term has come to mean any policy based on considerations of power alone with a sole interest on the benefit ofthe stateSecond Industrial Revolution led by US and Germany advancements in chemical and auto industries electricity and oil energy sources internal combustion engineMauve 1St synthe ic organic colorant produced by William Perkins 1855 Became popularwhen Queen ictoria decided to wear a mauve dress to her daughter s weddingSuffragettes women in the late 19 quot and early 20 quot centuries that fought forwomen s suffrage Leaders in pushingforwomen39s rights to voteEventually successfulFashoda 1898 British and French railways through the Sahara crossed at Fashoda met to determine which country got the right of way Almost caused a European war between the two powersQuinine 1st cure for malaria discovered in the 1820 derived from the bark ofthe Cinchona tree A tonic mass produced through industrial m an Iul 39 39 39 ofAfrica by quot fur Africa 18811914The colonization ofAfrica duringthe New Imperialism period 188039s by French British and Dutch Berlin Conference of 1884 divided up Africa between the European powersJules moderate wing of the Russian Social 39 y 39 gradual reform quot39 39 quot r 39 parliament created by Tsar Nicholas II Total War a warthat involvesthe mobilization of all population and resourcesVersailes Treaty 1919 Gathering of 27 nations in Versailles Dominated by Britain France and United States Cause German to lose land on all borders german militaryforces were severely restricted a demilitarized zone was created alongthe lands bordering France and Belguim Germany had to pay high reparationsto specific Allied Powers League of Nations was created Excluding Russia and Germany Led to the Germans be39ng resentfulAlso led to economic instability in Europe in the 20s and 30sLed to German fascism in the 30sJosef Stalin Took overas leader of the Soviet Union in 1922 Reversed gender equalityTurned Russia into an Authoritarian State Leon Trotsky Wanted ra i 39 39 39 39 39 quot 39 fanning apposed L Icvu 39 y 1921 Economic policy proposed by Lenin who referred to it as state capitalism Allowed for private individuals to own small enterprises and leftthe banks foreign trade and large industries controlled by the government Led to a boom in agricultural production and an imbalance in the econom due tothe slow growth of heavy industmcollectivization nacted by Stalin to replace the New Economic Policy in 1928 the policy aimed to consolidate individual land and labor into collective farms This was due to a shortage ofgrain in urban areas and the refusal of rural areasto hand it over Resulted in a high death toll of peasants under Stalin s ruleconscrip on propaganda Hindenburg 1937 German airship accident Russian Revolution 1917 unplanned revolution resultingfrom longterm problems in Russia exasperated b the st war Produced the 1 communist state in the world Was part ofthe 3 factionsthat most of European histowforthe next 70yrs Communism Fascism LIberal DemocracyTsar Nicholas II Last emperor of Russia Defeated in the RussoJapanese War Ruler during WWI Abdicated during the Februaw RevolutionSoviets elected council in the Communist countw of Russia Weimar Republic 19191933 a liberal parliamentaw democracy in Germany Constitution had a republic Reichstage and a president Allowed f u 39 39 quot e quot 39 by decree in times of emergency Article 48 WoodrowWilson 28m president Created the league of nations shaped the Treaty ofVersailles Fourteen Points Woodrow Wilson39s plan at the Treaty ofVersailles Consisted of2 important principles Self determination asserted the need to redraw the map of Europe and the Ottoman Empire allowing groups based on nationalism to determine their own governments The need for an international peace organization a worldwide organization in charge of keeping the peace an avoiding another warreparations Article 231 Clause in the Treaty of Versailles making ue uy 39 quot auu pay renaratinquot 39 39 F 39 quot t orm of nationalism which placed to state above all and everything in it wasto sene its purpose Hitler s agenda for his facist regime led to the start of WWII Beer Hall Putsch Nov 910 1923 Hitler wanted to avenge Germanys WWI loss he planned to overthrow the gov Hitler and his Nazi s attempted to overtake a gov official at a Beer Hall in Munich They failed and Hitler was arrested on treason Led to his writing of Mein Kampfwhile in prisonNazism Belief started in the 1920s held by the Nazi party A form offascism that used biological racism superiority ofan Awan race and anti Semitismeugenics belief and practice of improving the genetic qualities ofthe human population Promote reproduction of desired traits Developed by Franci GaltonquotMarch on Romequot 1922 Mussolini and the Blackshirts marched on Rome Italian King Victor Emmanuel III made Mussolini the Italian prime ministerBlackshirts Paramilitaryfollowers of Mussolini helped Mussolini secure his position of Italian prime minister by marching on Rome in 1922Suez Canal an artificial waterway in Egy connectingthe Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea It allows transportation between Europe and Asia without navigation around Africa Britain indirectly controlled the canal afterdebt forced Egypt to sell it s sharesAdof Hitler Leader of the Nazi party German po an 19341945 Benito Musso 18831945 Dictatorof Italy made Italythe 1St Fascist state in 20m Century Europe Mein Kampf My Struggle Written by Hitler during his imprisonment Focused on his ideas of making a fascist state quotGreat Purgequot campaign byJoseph Stalin 19341939 to purge members of the Communist Party and gov officials repression ofthe Red Army leadership and peasants and widespread I I W I i u a 1 it police sunaillencePopuar FrontFrance a political coalition of socialists liberals and als S gmund Freud Late 1800s Viennese medical doctorand founder of psychoanalysis a theow of mental processes and problems and a method oftreating them Emphasized the unconscious mind and challenged Descartes 39 39 LlldL an39 39 quot 39 quot know 39 quotquot quot 39 n quot 39g quot between Hilter and Stalin with his Soviets giving them an area of Poland if Germany invaded Poland This gave Hiltleran assurance of Soviet support and led to his decision to invade Poland which led tothe start of WWII France and Britain promised to intenene if Hitler attempted the Poland invasionFina Solu on the Nazi plan to annihilate the Jewish eop Kristallnacht Night of Broken Glassquot Nov 910 1938 A wave ofantisimetic attacks by the Nazi party officals HitlerVouth Attatcked synagogues home and business owned byJews quot L quot 5 death ramn I39mIIt W of quot 39 laborcamps and the rest were executed immediatelyBitzkrieg lightening war New tactic employed by the Germans during WWII combining the use of tanks infantw and artillery Wasvew lethal during the beginning ofthe war but lost its lethality towards the middle of the wardue to the allies being able to defeat itAppeasement the process of making political or material concessionsto a potential enemy power in orderto avoid war Most often associated with British Prime Minister Nevi le Chamberlains foreign policy towards Nazi Germany 1939 Munich Agreement 1939 Agreement made between Hitler Chamberlain Mussolini Daladier French Prime Minister requiring Czechoslavakia to allow Germany to occupy the Sudetenland Require Hitlerto sign a peace treaty with the UK Caused Czechoslovakia to cease to existVichyThird Reich Manhattan Project Code name given tothe secret AngloAmerican project that resulted in the construction of the atom bomb during World War Nuremberg trials Post WWII trials of the Nazi Party and German militaw conducted by an international tribunalSocial democracy Political ideology with a goal to est democratic socialism through reformist and gradualist methods Involves a universal welfare state amp collective n v in E fluential document in the founding of the UK welfare state Was chaired by William beverage to take on the five Giant Evilsquot Squalor Ignorance Want Idleness DiseaseBerin Wall Constructed bythe German Democratic Republic in 1961Separated East and West BerlinTo protect East Germany from the fascists in the westCod War 19471991 political and militaw unrest between USA and the USSR afterWWII Iron Curtain militaw political amp ideological barrier between the Soviet Union and western Europe from 19451990 Marshall PlanTruman Doctrine 1947 Established that the US would provide political militaw and economic assistance to all democratic nations underthreat by authoritarian forces either internally or externally Partition of India Wu a The Final Solution was a culmination of deeply rooted antiSemitism that had been building in European Society for years REVIEW for FINAL EXAM Thursday December 19 1150 am150 pm Clark A102 How do I review for the final exam Use your textbook The nal will cover Chapters 7 8 9 11 and 12 Study the LECTURE NOTES for each chapter posted on RAMCT Reread Introductions and Summaries both Curtain Call and Summary Sections Familiarize yourself with the de nitions of Key Terms listed at the end of each chapter Note De nitions of all Key Terms are also listed in the Glossary Will we be asked to identify textbook photographs or tables No Will we asked to identify margin quotes or reference articles No Exceptions Those quotes contained in the lecture notes Will there be questions on the videos shown in class Yes Which SPOTLIGHTS do we need to know Chapter Seven Synthespians versus a Poor Theatre p 164 Chapter Eight Playwright versus Director p 191 Chapter Nine Theatre Spaces p 198 Theatrical Styles p 202 Chapter Eleven Understanding Shakespeare p 248 Chapter Twelve Hoorah for Bollywood p 279 The American Musical and the Movies p 282 What do I need to bring to the exam A 2 lead pencil Your CSU Student ID Scantron Answer Sheets bubble sheets will be provided How are the text questions formatted Multiple Choice Note You must choose the BEST possible answer TrueFalse Matching Terms to De nitions One 15point Essay on The Future of Theatre Will I have enough time You will have two hours for the test which is designed to be taken in 75 minutes What is the point value of the Final 150 points possible When is the last time that extra credit may be submitted At the nal Henry VIII7 Henry IV 7 1593 71610 Huguenots 7 French Calvanists who made up 10 of the population by 1560 and fought against the Catholics Edict of Nantes7 Enacted by king Henry IV granting rights to the Huguenots to have troops church org and political automy within their walls but banned them from the royal court and Paris Dutch Revolt7 7 Northern provinces of the Netherlands revolted against Spanish rule 15791648 resulted in the independence of the Republic of the United Provinces stadtholder7 officers in the Netherlands Dutch Republic presided over provincial states leaders of the armies and certain of ces House of Orange7 princely dynasty important in Netherland historyHeld positions in the Dutch Republic as stadholders from the 163911 to 183911 century Guildy groups of professionals who protect the special interests of a certain trade and monopolize on the production and trade of those goods absolutism 7 a form of government where the ruler posed unrivaled power divine right of kings 7 the idea that kings were divinely appointed by God Estates General 7the legislative assembly of France during the Old Regime Louis XIV16431715 7 Most absolutist king The Sun King One KingOne LawOne Faith Gallincanism French Catholicism passed Taille7a tax for all that passes up all others was made exclusively Royal and was unequally distributed with Nobles and Clergy being exempt standing armiey military forces that remained a er war maintain order and enforce governmental policy Charles 1716251649forced subjects to lend money to the government during war with Spain and collected duties on exports without the approval from Parliament The House of Commons protested these policies and Charles dismissed Parliament in 1629Asked subjects to pay ship money to out t ships to defend the country Called parliament in 1640 Short Parliament but they wanted to limit his power so he dismissed them He had to recall parliament the same year Long Parliament 16401653 39Ihey demanded he impeach his advisors abolished his prerogative courts made his non parliamentary taxes illegal created new law limiting the time between parliamentary meetings to 3 years Civil war broke out soon a er between the Royalist Charles II7 16601685 restored to throne after years of exile during the Puritan Commonwealth His reign is known as the Restoration period James I James 11 William and Mary Parliament Cardinal Richelieu7Louis XHI s main councilor who worked towards centralizing the power of the French state He restricted the power of the 8 central Parlements7 highest provincial courts in France Most important being the Parlement ofParis and Strengthened the system ofthe intendents 7 middle class officials from Paris used to replace Nobles who collected taxes supervised local admin andrecruited soldiers Mercantilism7 belief that the wealth of a state depended on importing less than you exported and gather as much of the world s monetary supply as possible laissez7faircholicy of minimum government interference with social and individual economics Treaty of Westphalia7 1648 brought an end to the 80 years war between Spain and the Dutch German phase of the Thirty Years War Thirty Years War 7 16181648 A series ofwars fought by various nations in Europe Mainly over religion dynasty territory and commercial rivalries Holy Roman Empire Frederick 1 Frederick William I Junker Prussian nobility Diet Hapsburgs Ottoman Empire Peter I The Great primogeniture St Petersburg Versailles English Civil War Oliver Cromwell7 Defeated Charles II 1651 English Bill of Rights Glorious Revolution7 1688 John Locke Dutch Republic Anton von Leewenhoek religious toleration Galileo Galilei Nicolaus Copernicus Isaac Newton William Harvey scientific method Francis Bacon Rene Descartes protestantism Catholicism salons Adam Smith The Wealth of Nations Deism Voltaire Candide natural law secularism Jean Jacques Rousseau general will cahiers Olaudathuiano jointistock company Seven Years War blank slate Navigation Acts l39luitschip chocolate Atlantic slave trade abolition British East India Co American Revolution Declaration of Independence Haitian Revolution nobles of the sword nobles of the robe seridom bourgeoisie Encyclopedia Bartonnet case The Enlightenment Baron de Montesquieu Thomas Paine Frederick the Great common law Bishop Bossuet WORLD WAR TWO 19391945 MASSIVE GLOBAL AND INDUSTRIAL WAR THREE FACTIONS FASCISTS COMMUNISTS LIBERAL DEMOCRACIES AXIS GERMANY ITALY TO 1943 JAPAN FINLAND RUMAN IA HUNGARY BULGARIA ALLIES FRANCE BRITAIN UNITED STATES SOVIET UNION POLAND BELGIUM NETHERLANDS NORWAY LUXEMBOURG ITALY AFTER 1943 CHINA AUSTRALIA NEW ZEALAND CANADA SOUTH AFRICA INDIA BRAZIL AND OTHERS ROAD TO WORLD WAR TWO PROMOTED BY FASCIST AGGRESSION AND PASSIVE RESPONSE BY WESTERN DEMOCRACIES FASCIST FOREIGN POLICY OF AGGRESSION OCTOBER 1933 GERMANY QUITS LEAGUE OF NATIONS MARCH 1935 HITLER RENOUNCES REARMAMENT OCTOBER 1935 ITALY INVADES ETHIOPIA BRINGS GERMANY AND ITALY CDOSER TOGETHER MARCH 1936 GERMAN S REMILITARIZE RHINE FRENCH FAIL TO INTERVENE 19361939 SPANISH CIVIL WAR NATIONALISTS FASCISTS UNDER FRANCO SUPPORTED BY GERMANY AND ITALY REPUBLICANS LIBERALS AND LEFTISTS SUPPORTED BY SOVIETS WESTERN DEMOCRACIES FAIL TO INTERVENE ONLY AN TIFASCIST VOLUNTEERS 1939 NATIONALISTS WIN WITH OUTSIDE SUPPORT APPEASEMENT BRITISH AND FRENCH POLICY TO APPEASE HITLER AND GIVE HIM WHAT HE WANTED RATHER THAN FIGHT ANOTHER WAR LIKE WORLD WAR ONE NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN UK PACIFIST FEELING IN FRANCE AND BRITAIN MARCH 1938 SUCCESSFUL GERMAN AN SCHLUSS WITH AUSTRIA SEPTEMBER 1938 1ST CZECHOSLOVAKIAN CRISIS SUDETENLAN D TO GERMANY CHAMBERLAIN PROCLAIMED PEACE IN EUROPE MARCH 1939 2ND CZECHOSLOVAKIAN CRISIS GERMANS OCCUPY CZECHS SEPTEMBER 1939 GERMANS INV ADE POLAND ISSUE OF quotPOLISH CORRIDORquot GERMAN SOVIET NONAGGRES SION PACT WAR BEGINS THE MILITARY COURSE OF THE WAR NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND TACTICS REFINEMENT OF TANKS AIRPLANES AND SUBMARINES GERMAN S USE BLITZKRIEG TACTICS SEPTEMBER 1 1939 GERMANY INVADES POLAND FROM WEST FRANCE AND BRITAIN DECLARE WAR ON GERMANY SEPTEMBER 17 1939 SOVIETS INVADE FROM EAST OCTOBER 1939 POLAND DEFEATED APRIL 1940 GERMANS CONQUER DENMARK AND NORWAY MAY TO JUNE 1940 GERMANS INVADE HOLLAND BELGIUM LUXEMBOURG AND FRANCE quotPHONY WARquot BLITZKRIEG ATTACK BY GERMANS VICHY GOVERNMENT AUGUST TO SEPTEMBER 1940 BATTLE OF BRITAIN GERMAN PRELUDE TO INVASION OF BRITAIN 19401943 CAMPAIGNS FOR NORTH AFRICA GERMANS AND ITALIANS FAIL TO TAKE EGYPT 19411945 RUSSIAN FRONT GERMAN S INVADE SOVIET UNION IN JUNE 1941 GERMAN DEFEAT AT STALINGRAD 1943 SOVIETS RETAKE LOST TERRITORY 194345 SOVIETS OCCUPY BERLIN IN APRIL 1945 194345 WESTERN FRONT FALL 1943 BRITISH AND AMERICANS INVADE ITALY CAMPAIGN IN ITALY BOGS DOWN JUNE 6 1944 DDAY INVASION OF FRANCE BRITISH AND AMERICANS LIBERATE FRANCE INTO GERMANY BY FALL 1944 DECEMBER 1944 BATTLE OF BULGE LAST GERMAN OFFENSIVE IN WEST MAY 7 1945 VICTORY IN EUROPE DAY APRIL 30 1945 HITLER COMMITTED SUICIDE MAY 7 1945 GERMANS SURRENDER PACIFIC THEATER 193 1 JAPAN INVADED MANCHURIA 1937 JAPAN INVADED CHINA UNITED STATESJAPAN DIPLOMATIC WAR DECEMBER 7 1941 JAPAN ATTACKS UNITED STATES RAID OF PEARL HARBOR NAVAL BASE 19421945 UNITED STATES DEFEATS JAPANESE MILITARY FORCES AUGUST 6 1945 ATOMIC BOMB ON HIROSHIMA AUGUST 9 1945 ATOMIC BOMB ON NAGASAKI AUGUST 14 1945 JAPAN SURRENDERS END OF WORLD WAR TWO WORLD WAR TWO THE CIVILIAN S THE SOCIAL IMPACT OF WORLD WAR TWO quotTHE PEOPLE39S WARquot EXTENSIVE WAR PRODUCTION INDUSTRIAL WAR UNPRECEDENTED NEED FOR WAR MATERIAL GOVERNMENTS INTERVENE TO MANAGE PRODUCTION CIVILIAN SUPPORT OF THE WAR EFFORT CIVILIAN SUPPORT REQUIRED IN TOTAL WAR UNEMPLOYMENT DISAPPEARS RATIONING OF GOODS MASSIVE PROPAGANDA CAMPAIGNS WOMEN AND THE WAR WORKING CLASS WOMEN BACK TO FACTORIES MIDDLE CLASS WOMEN TO WHITE COLLAR JOBS WOMEN HAVE GREATER ROLE IN PUBLIC SPHERE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC INDEPENDENCE WOMEN PARTICIPATE IN RESISTANCE MOVEMENTS WOMEN HAVE SOME COMBAT EXPERIENCE OPENS UP NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN AFTER WAR BOMBING OF CIVILIANS NEW ASPECT OF TOTAL WAR BOMBING OF INDUSTRIAL AND MILITARY TARGETS BOMBING OF CIVILIANS TERROR BOMBINGS INCREASED MORALE GERMANS BOMB BRITISH BRITISH AND AMERICANS BOMB GERMAN S PARTISAN SRESISTAN CE MOVEMENT PEOPLE FIGHT GUERRILLA WAR AGAINST GERMANS CIVILIANS DRAWN INTO MILITARY ASPECTS OF WAR HOLOCAUST GERMAN PROGRAM TO ELIMINATE J EWS AND OTHERS PRE1939 GERMANS ENCOURAGE JEWISH EMIGRATION 19391943 USE OF DEATH SQUADS IN FIELD BROWNING 19421945 USE OF CONCENTRATIONDEATH CAMPS AUSCHWITZ WAS LARGEST 30 TO LABOR 70 IMMEDIATE DEATH 6 MILLION JEWS KILLED 910 MILLION OTHERS GYPSIES AN TINAZI GERMANS COMMUNISTS SOCIALISTS UNION LEADERS RESISTANCE FIGHTERS UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS HOMOSEXUALS CHRISTIAN CLERGY 4 MILLION FORCED LABORERS POLES UKRAINIANS BELORUSSIANS 4 MILLION SOVIET PRISONERS OF WAR KILLED NUREMBERG TRIALS 19451946


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