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Human Gross Anatomy

by: Theresa Emard

Human Gross Anatomy BMS 301

Theresa Emard
GPA 3.65

Tod Clapp

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About this Document

Tod Clapp
Class Notes
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Popular in Biomedical Sciences

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Theresa Emard on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BMS 301 at Colorado State University taught by Tod Clapp in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see /class/210042/bms-301-colorado-state-university in Biomedical Sciences at Colorado State University.


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Date Created: 09/21/15
16 October Gray matter on outside of brain opposite of spinal cord White matter Axonfiber types Association Remain in the same hemisphere Commissural Cross to other hemisphere Egcorpus callosum Projection Leave cerebral hemisphere or receive information from outside cerebrum Lobes of Cerebrum Central sulcus Just anterior precentralgyrus Pa rt of frontal lobe Frontal Motor Personality Planning Judgment Frontal lobe gyri Precentralgyrus 1 motor cortex upper motor neurons Voluntary movement Somatotopically organized Parietal Somatosensory Parietal lobe gyri Post central gyrus 1 somatosensory cortex Somatic afferent information Somatotopically arranged Occipital Vision Temporal Hearing and memory 12 October Definitions Neuron nerve cell Synapse point of connection between two neurons Presynaptic region from neuron 1 synaptic cleft postsynaptic region from neuron 2 Propagate signal Allow processing of signal modification I synapses l neurons 9 4 complex activities Circuit group of neurons and synapses with a predictable firing pattern or outcome Nucleus group or collection of cell bodies in CNS Ganglion group of cell bodies in PNS General Anatomy Cerebrum Cerebellum Diencephalon Brainstem Listed in opposite evolutionary order Brainstem Medulla Most inferior Nuclei that control vital reflexes Cardiovascular Respiratory Gives rise to vagus parasympathetic Nonvital reflexes Coughing sneezing vomiting Pons Vital reflexes Respiratory Nuclei to and from cerebellum Midbrain Visual grasp reflex Auditory reflexes Diencephalon Thalamus Group of relay nuclei to cerebral cortex Switchboard Every sensory input goes through the thalamus Hypothalamus Master regulator of ANS autonomic nervous system Electrolyte balance body temperature food intake Cerebellum llLittle brain Comparator Regulates rate range and force of ongoing movements Alcohol slows this action Speech finger to nose Motor memory Ataxia without order Results with cerebellar damage Things that require precise order lose function Speech walking Cerebellum at conscious Not part of conscious awarenessperception Cerebrum Acts in conscious awareness of sensory stimuli perception Cognition process of thought Higher motor function more steps Memory and learning Emotion Behavior Language Cortex means bark outer layer Location of cell bodies Gray matter Receive process integrate initiate info Gyri ridges Sulci valleys increase Surface area Contralateral perception and control of motor outflow Right cerebral cortex controls motor of left hand Cerebral dominance 96 98 of humans process language in left hemisphere II I I 80 process 39 p quot 39 quot in rightI 39 r Somototopy Body map Correspondence between neuron in cortex and muscle Basal nuclei M in cortex deep Involved in movement cognition emotion Determine if something is appropriate Lesions with Parkinson s and Huntington s


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