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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christian Stamm on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Note at Colorado State University taught by Zoology in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 266 views. For similar materials see /class/210055/note-colorado-state-university in Botany at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
BleO STUDY GUIDE EXAM 3 EXAM 3 WILL COVER ARTHROPODS CHAPS 14 amp 15 ECHINODERMS CHAP 16 CHORDATES CHAP 17 FISHES CHAP 18 AMPHIBIANS CHAP 19 REPTILES CHAP 20 BIRDS CHAP 21 AND MAMMALS CHAP 22 SUGGESTION DO NOT LIMIT YOURSELF TO THIS STUDY GUIDE ARTH ROPODS NF F PS JEquot I 000 I I H53 I I I Pours I I I I 9 me NNNNNNNNNH OONOHU39IbUJNI OUD Characterize the phylum Arthropoda Characterize the subphyla TriIobitomorpha CheIicerata Crustacea Myriapoda Hexapoda What characteristics have led to the success of the arthropods Define or describe chitin sclerotization metamerism ecdysis hemocoel What gives rise to the hemocoel How long have trilobites been extinct Characterize the Chelicerate classes Merostomata and Arachnida Define or describe Limulus amebocyte Iysate chelicerae pedipalps book gills biramous appendages Describe horseshoe crab reproduction Define or describe Malpighian tubules coxal glands booklungs tracheal system sensilla direct 39 39 indirectI 39 39 List functions of spider silk What spiders in North America are dangerous to humans How do the toxins of these species differ What do spiders eat Define or describe chigger follicle mite house dust mite spider mite human itch mite List and describe diseases transmitted by ticks that were presented in class Know symptomstreatments if presented in class Most ticks are described as 3 host ticks What does this mean Why does a female tick expand more than a male tick when engorged with blood Characterize the Crustacean classes Malacostraca and Maxillopoda Define or describe serial homology biramous appendages eyestalk green gland X organ Y organ second maxilla mandibles What factors may initiate molting in decapods Why are copepods important What is unusual about barnacles compared to other crustaceans Characterize the Myriapod classes Diplopoda and Chilopoda What do millipedes eat What are repugnatorial glands What do centipedes eat Are any centipedes dangerous to humans Characterize the Hexapod class Insecta What are the tagmata of an insect How are insect mouthparts specialized for feeding Why are insects important How are some insects dangerous to humans 29 Define or describe tracheal system Johnston s organs tympanal organs ovipositor hemimetabolous metamorphosis 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 metamorphosis compound eyes ocei 30 List the stages of an insect holometabolous and hemimetabolous 31 How do insects regulate their body temperature 32 List 2 advantages of hoometaboous metamorphosis 33 List insect adaptations for reproduction on land Echinoderms 1 Characterize echinoderms Characterize the classes Asteroidea Echinoidea Ophiuroidea Hoothuroidea 2 Describe the calcareous endoskeleton 3 List functions of the water vascular system Embryologically the WVS arises as a modification of what 4 How does a sea star feed on a bivalve 5 Definedescribe autotomy regeneration papulae dermal branchiae pedicellariae madreporite Aristotle s lantern respiratory tree ambulacral grooves tube feet catch tissue 6 What is evisceration Why do cucumbers do this 7 Sea cucumbers are described as having secondary bilateral symmetry What does this mean 8 What are the larval stages of a sea star Chordates 9 List the 5 features that characterize the chordates Describe each feature Characterize the following subphyla Urochordata Cephalochordata Vertebrata Craniata 10 What is the first part of the chordate endoskeleton to develop As embryos humans have pharyngeal pouches What do these structures eventually give rise to 11 Which chordate retains all 5 features as an adult 12 What is unusual about the heart of a urochordate Why do we call these animals tunicates or sea squirts What is a compound colonial tunicate Fishes 13 Characterize the classes Myxini Petromyzontida Chondrichthyes Actinopterygii Sarcopterygii 14 How do the hagfishes and lampreys differ from other fishes 15 Why do hagfishes generate slime 16 How did the sea lamprey cause the crash of the commercial fishing industry in the great lakes 17 Definedescribe anadromous oviparous ovoviviparous viviparous external fertilization internal fertilization heterocercal tail homocercal tail placoid scales mermaid s purse 18 Are all sharks predators Describe how the lateral line system and electroreceptors aid a shark in finding prey 19 How are skates and rays adapted for their bottom dwelling existence NN NH South American and African lungfishes can spend long periods of time without water How do these animals survive What is different about their circulatory systems when compared to other fishes Which fish class gets the distinction lllargest class of vertebratesquot Definedescribe countercurrent exchange ram ventilation swim bladder How do fishes maintain their position in a column of water Four are listed in your book Amphibians 24 Characterize the amphibians Be familiar with characteristics of frogs and toads salamanders and caecilians 25 Tetrapods have a doubleloop circulation What does this mean 26 Amphibians evolved from what ancestral stock 27 Definedescribe paedomorphosis mudpuppy axolotl tetrapod cutaneous respiration vocal sac 28 Why are amphibians tied to the water for reproduction 29 Why do male frogs and toads vocalize 30 What is the primary nitrogenous waste excreted by amphibians Amniotes 31 Characterize the amniotes U N Describe the amniotic egg 33 Why do cladists insist on placing the reptiles and birds in the same class 34 Definedescribe anapsids diapsids synapsids Reptiles 35 Characterize thereptiles Be familiar with characteristics of turtles lizards and snakes Definedescribe carapace plastron Jacobson s organ heatsensitive pit kinetic skull What is unusual about the pelvic and pectoral girdles ofa turtle Describe habitsavoiding extreme heat predatorsetc of a chuckwalla What adaptations do snakes have to accommodate over sized prey What is the mechanism ofautotomy in lizards What is the primary nitrogenous waste excreted by reptiles Characterize birds What is the largest order of birds List adaptations necessary for flight Birds have efficient respiratory and digestive systems Characterize these systems How do the optical lobes and cerebellum of birds differ from reptiles Describe the significance ofArchaeopteryx Definedescribe precocial altricial monogamy pneumatized bones 48 What is the primary nitrogenous waste excreted by birds Mammals Characterize the mammals Be familiar with monotremes marsupials and placental mammals Describe integumentary glands of mammals Mammals evolved from what ancestral stock What is the largest order of mammals Definedescribe diaphragm heterodont homodont diastema ruminant coprophagy cerebrum winter sleep hibernation What is the primary nitrogenous waste excreted by mammals
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