General Sociology (GT
General Sociology (GT SOC 100
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dr. Daphney Will on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at Colorado State University taught by Sammy Zahran in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see /class/210067/soc-100-colorado-state-university in Sociology at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
General Sociology S100 010 Exam III study Guide Race Ethnicity George Simmel The Stranger ObjectiveSubjective Definitions of Race Intergroup conflict vs Interracial conflict Cultural Pluralism Assimilation vs Accommodation Gordon Allport The Nature of Prejudice Gender Inequality Causes of unbalanced Sex Ratios Guttentag and Secor Sex Ratios and Gender Roles Dyadic Power Structural Power Women s movement Suffrage movement Feminism three essential features Woman Movement Women s suffrage Feminismideology Role of women in the labor force The sexual revolution Intersection of gender and race Traditional gender roles explanation for Census Sex structure Age structure Birth cohort PreIndustrial population trends Kingsley Davis Contraception and wanted fertility Expansive population structure Stationary population structure Replacementlevel fertility Baby boom Crisis of depopulation Gray nations Demogra h World population growth Rule 69 and doubling time Rule 110 and tripling time Thomas Robert Malthus Geometric versus arithmetic growth Positive checks on h Demographic transition and stages Longevity versus Iifes an Bimodal distribution of death Social causes of longevity David Phillips Leading causes of death in the US Occupations and mortality risk Life expectancy by race and gender Fertility transition Fecundity Infertility range Menarche Menopause Agefertility cruve Hutterites Explanations for high fertility Children as security and labor Desire for sons Richard Easterlin SupplyDemand framework of fertility Fertility and education Internal versus international migration Pushpull theory of migration Ernest Ravenstein Agemigration curve Less developed versus more developed Population implosion 6 Major shifts in human population Preindustrial cities Agricultural revolution Specialization and urban growth Metropolis and SMSA Commuting Suburbs Theory of ethnic succession Robert Park and Ernest Burgess Index of dissimilarity Racial segregation Theories of urban impact Effects of crowding Gemeinshaft versus Gesellschaft Modern definition of urban Regional urbanization Causes of urban transition 261 metropolitan areas in US Lewis Mumfor George Kingsley Zipf Douglas Massey Nancy Denton 4 factors of BlackWhite spatial segregation Computations and Formulae Balancing equations B D l O P2 P7 372 D12 l72 39 072 Crude mortality rate CDR d p 1000 Age speci c mortality rate HMX dX px 100000 Crude birth rate CBR b p 1 000 General fertility rate GFR b HFX 1000 Childwoman ratio CWR ApO 3555 1000 Agespecific fertility rate ASFR bX HFX 1000 Total fertility rate TFR 2A SFR n Outmigration rate OmigR OM p 1000 lnmigration rate lmigR W p 1 000 Crude net migration rate CNmigR lmigR OmigR Migration turnover TmigR lmigR OmigR Migration Ratio l OB D Rank size rule P P7 R General Sociology S100 Fall 2010 Exam Study Guide Science Theory Research Homophily George Homans Analytic induction Analytic deduction Adam Smith Andre Michel Guerry Statistical stability Statistical variation Adolphe Quetelet Homme moyen Emile Durkheim Suicide Units of analysis Global perspective 3 Reasons Scientific concepts Primary versus secondary groups Social solidarity Social conflict Social network analysis Unobtrusive measurement Steps of social science research Types of incentives Society Social structure Social stratification Types of social rewards Achieved versus ascribed status Gini coefficients Mark Granovetter Strength of weak ties Strong ties and cliques Ronald Burt Redundant networks Weakness of strong ties Structural holes Brokerage Network density Bridge position Local versus cosmopolitan networks Culture Values orms Social sanctions Social externalities Mean median mode Standard deviation Variance Zscore Rational choice proposition Least cost path Exchange theory Restraints on exchange Law of inequality Law of agreement Law of conformity NA Christakis and JH Fowler Bodymass index and obesity Variable Attributes Independent versus dependent variable Criteria of causation Time or er Nonspuriousness Negative versus positive correlation Solomon Asc Intervening variable Crosstabulation Classical experiment Pretest Posttest Control group Experimental group Randomization Stanley Milgram Obedience to authority Field researc Observer effects Covert observer Obvert observation Simple versus proportional fact Census versus samp e Basic features of census Random sample Sampling frame Survey research types Correlation coefficient Natural experiment Social systems 3 properties of systems Social institutions Interdependence Equilibrium Functionalism Social evolution Conflict theory Steps for computing the standard deviation Compute the mean for the variable u Subtract the mean from each value X1 u Square each deviation X1 u2 Sum the squared deviations 2 X1 u2 Divide the sum of squared deviations by the population size variance 2 X u2N Take the square root of the variance OOPAWNT The standard deviation formula Steps for computing the standard deviation a Compute the mean for the variable u b Subtract the mean from the observed value X u c Divide by the standard deviation 6 The z score formula z X u 6 General Sociology S100 Fall 2010 Exam II study Guide Correlation coefficient Instinct Feral children Environmental theories of behavior Tabula rasa Nature versus Nurture Heredity Genotype Phenotype Behavioral genetics Sociobiology Rates of concordance Identical twin separation studies Monozygotic Dyzygotic Adoption studies Marc Schuckit Heredity of alcoholism Human growth revolution National Center on Health Statistics Height gains Obesity epidemic Environmental suppressors Life expectancy gains Hormones Primary versus Secondary sex characteristics Anabolic steroids CDC study of enlisted soldiers Jane Goodall StimulusResponse Theory Jean Piaget Cognitive development Sensorimotor Preoperational Concrete operational Formal operational Object permanence Noam Chomsky Pidgin versus Creole Derek Bickerton Agencies of socialization Family Peer group School Mass media Devianc Gottfredson and Hirschi Ordinary crime Robbery Uniform Crime Reports National Crime Victimization Survey Metros with highest robbery rates Burglary US burglary rate versus Nordic countries Homicide Intraracial victimization Crude victimization rate Agespecific victimization rate Cohort victimization table Offender versatility Cesare Lombroso Biological throwbacks Skull anomalies and physiognomy Cortisol Walter Grove and sociobiology of crime Steve Levitt and AbortionCrime link Albert Bandura Social learning thesis of crime Differential association theory of crime Structural strain Robert K Merton Conformity Ritualism Innovation Retreatism Rebellion Social disorganization theory Collective efficacy Concentric zones Social control theory of crime Attachment Investment Involvement Beliefs Low selfcontrol Stanford marshmallow experiment Seasonality of crime Drugs and crime Methamphetamine Cocaine marijuana and heroine Informal social control Formal social control Hechter and Kanazawa Principle of dependence Principle of visibility Principle of extensiveness Prevention Lawrence Cohen and Marcus Felson Opportunity theory of crime Deterrence Jack Gibbs and propositions of deterrence Reform and rehabilitation Incarceration Racial differentials in incarceration Capital execution Criminal justice system Crimes reported to police Likelihood felons serve 1 years ofjail time Karl Marx Bourgeoisie Proletariat Lumpenproletariat Capital accumulation Champagne glass distribution of GDP Occupational prestige Socioeconomic status lncome wealth education job prestige Zscore calculation Status inconsistency Ascribed versus achieved status Recidivism rate Longitudinal study Evolutionary theory of stratification Means of production Superstructu re Max Weber Property prestige power lncome quintiles Age and wealth Billionaires Warren Buffet lndian Caste System Meritocracy Exchange mobility Structural mobility Top income decile Theories of stratification DavisMoore Functional Theory Replaceability Monozygotic concordance CRMZ A A B C Dyzygotic concordance CRDZ AA B C Genetic contribution of trait CRMZ CRDZ Steps for computing the zscore a Compute the mean for the variable u b Subtract the mean from the observed value X u 0 Divide by the standard deviation 6 The z score formula z X u 6 Steps for computing the correlation coefficient Count the number of cases to get the term n Sum Z all x to get the term 2x1 Sum Z all y to get the term 2 y Multiply 2x1 by 2 y to find 2x1 2 y 2nd numerator term Multiply all combinations of x and y to get x y Sum Z all x y to get the term 2x1 y Multiply case count n by 2x1 y1to find n x y 1st numerator term Square allx and all y to get x11 and yf Sum Z all x12 to get 2x11 10 Multiply count n by Z xfto find n x11 1st portion of 1st denominator term 11 Square 2x1 step 2 to find 2x1 2nd portion of 1st denominator term 12 Sum Z all yf to get ny 13 Multiply count n by Z yf to find n 2 yf 1st portion of 2nd denominator term 14 Square 2 y step 3 to find 2 y1 2nd portion of 2nd denominator term 15 Plug and calculate terms QQNP WPP N rxy ZX1Y1 2X1 211 VHZX12Zx1f WZY1ZZY1Z