Introduction to the Visual Arts (GT
Introduction to the Visual Arts (GT ART 100
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l V1sual Arts 100 Native American Art ca 11th 7 133911 Century I Covers Native arts from Mesoamerica South America and North America As in earlier cultures there are monumental achievements and megalithic stone architectures are features Some of the works are no doubt intended to serve a pantheon of gods and goddesses and ceremonial sacri ces may be of animal and or human rituals I The Great Serpent Mound Ohio United States 1070 CE I Ancestral Puebloan Cliff Palace Mesa Verde United States ca 1150 7 1300 Medieval Art ca 63911 7 11Lh Century I The western aspect leftover from the Roman Empire developed into a different culture under Christianity Later in Europe the period from 400 7 1400 CE is known as the Middle or Dark Ages This was a time when the Christian and Islamic religions spread I The Crusades were wars waged between Christians and Muslims for the control of Jerusalem and the Holy Land 0 Art of the Warrior Lords ca 5Lh 7 10Lh Century CE I Purse Cover from Sutton Hoo England ca 625 CE I Expressed the idea of interlaced animal designs I Animal Head Post Norway ca 825 o Hiberno Saxon Art ca 63911 7 10 Century CE I Lindisfame Gospels Northumbria England ca 698 7 721 CE 0 Carolingian Art ca 768 7 877 CE I Coronation Gospels Aachen Germany ca 800 7 810 I From the Gospel Book of Charlemagne I Ebe Gospels Hautvillers France ca 816 7 835 CE 0 Ottonian Alt ca 919 7 1024 CE I Saint Michael s Hildesheim Germany 1001 7 1031 CE I Built by Bishop Bemward I Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne Aachen Germany 792 7 805 CE 0 Romanesque Art ca 11Lh 7 12Lh Century I BayeuX Tapestry BayeuX France Ca 1066 7 1082 CE I Describes the story of the invasion of England by William the Conqueror 139 Visual Arts 100 Romanesgue Art ca llm 12Lh Century I The monastery church was described to be a Fortress of God and became a sanctuary of those in need The monasteries offered the best of education and became hospitals for those who fell ill Churches served as religious shrines of saint known as relics I Churches were built of stone and were very thick letting in very little light Their ceilings were composed of barrel and groin vaults in resemblance to Roman architecture The interiors of these churches remained plan and consist of ve major areas nave side aisles narthex transept and the apse o Romanesque Art ca 11Lh 7 12Lh Century CE I SaintSemin Toulouse France ca 1070 7 1120 CE I SaintEtienne Caen France ca 1067 7 1087 CE Gothic Art ca 12Lh 7 13Lh Century I Gothic churches were built to be much more complex and ornate than Romanesque churches A Gothic arch is pointed at the top rather than rounded Gothic churches and cathedrals are characterized by ve major changes pointed arches aweinspiring height ying buttresses ribbed groin vaults and stained glass windows for light I During this period there was a renewal of humanism churches became more than just a place of worship but museums and libraries of knowledge of the people and communities that had developed 0 Gothic Art ca 123911 7 13Lh Century CE I Chartes Cathedral Chartes France 1194 7 1500 CE I The use of ying buttresses as exterior support I C ontrapposto refers to the weight shift seen in the statues Renaissance Art ca 14th 7 16th Century I Known as the rebirth period of art with the revival of the Classical themes in art and literature Art became merged with science in the study of nature especially the human beings This became and age of discovery and exploration where people started to travel great distances and art started to record history I Renaissance values change to include humanism greater freedom of thought scientific thought naturalism realism idealism and a genuine interest in the world and the universe 0 Early Renaissance Art 1400 7 1500 CE I Jan van Eyck 1390 71441 I The Annunciation Unknown ca 1434 7 1436 CE 0 First painter to use oil paints on a canvas I Man in a Red Turban London England ca 1433 CE 0 Possibly a selfportrait of van Eyck 1 Visual Arts 100 I Donato Donatello 1386 7 1466 I Saint Mark Florence Italy ca 1411 7 1413 CE 0 Donatello introduced the classical principle of weight shift into Early Renaissance sculptures I Feast of Herod Unknown ca 1423 7 1427 CE I David Florence Italy ca 1440 7 1460 CE 0 Created the first nude statue since ancient times for the Medici family I Andrea del Verrocchio 1435 7 1488 I David Florence Italy ca 1473 7 1475 CE I Giovanni Masaccio 1401 7 1428 I Tribute Money Florence Italy ca 1424 7 1427 CE I Trinity with the Virgin Holy Trinity Florence Italy ca 1424 7 1427 CE 0 High Renaissance Art 1500 7 1600 CE I Leonardo da Vinci 1452 7 1520 I Madonna of the Rocks Milan Italy ca 1483 CE 0 Creates a pyramidal composition between the Virgin Mary John the Baptist Christ Child and an angel I The Last Supper Milan Italy ca 1495 7 1498 CE 0 Christ is the directed to be both the psychological focus and the focal point of all the converging perspective lines I The Vitruvian Man Venice Italy ca 1487 I Mona Lisa Paris France ca 1503 7 1505 I Raphael Santi 1483 7 1520 I Marriage of the Virgin Perugia Italy ca 1504 CE I The Smaller Cowper Madonna Unknown ca 1505 I Madonna in the Meadow Vienna Austria ca 1505 7 1506 CE I School of Athens Rome Italy ca 1509 7 1511 CE 0 Composition is characterized by unity harmony and grace I Michelangelo Buonarroti 1475 7 1564 I Pieta Vatican City Italy ca 1498 7 1500 CE I David Florence Italy ca 1501 7 1504 CE 0 Captures Hellenistic aspects in the sculpture I Creation of Adam Vatican City Italy 1511 CE 0 Painted on the walls of the Sistine Chapel V1sual s 1 l L 00 I Titian Veccilli 1477 7 1576 I Venus of Urbino Florence Italy 1538 CE 0 Early Playboy was painted for pure desire I Albrecht Durer 1471 7 1528 I Adam and Eve Boston United State 1504 CE I Domenikos El Grecco 1541 7 1614 I Burial of Count Orgaz Toledo Spain 1586 CE 0 Use of realism and abstraction in his paintings Barogue Art 17Lh Century CE I Known as the Golden Age in Europe this time period is characterized by movement drama time passion and the use of a strong light source 0 Italy 1600 71700 CE I Gianlorenzo Bernini 1598 7 1680 I Saint Peters Vatican City Italy ca 1506 7 1666 CE I David Rome Italy 1623 CE 0 Captures the split second of maximum action I The Ecstasy of Saint Theresa Rome Italy 1645 7 1652 CE I Michelangelo MeriSi Caravaggio 1573 7 1610 I The Calling of Saint Matthew Rome Italy ca 1597 7 1601 CE l 731 ll Visual Arts 100 0 Spain 1600 7 1700 CE I Diego Velazquez 1599 7 1660 I The Maid of Honor Madrid Spain 1656 CE 0 Flanders 1600 7 1700 CE I Peter Paul Rubens 1577 7 1640 I The Raising ofthe Cross Antwerp Belgium 1610 CE I Arrival of Marie de Medici at Marseilles Paris France 1622 7 1625 CE 0 The Dutch Republic 1600 7 1700 CE I Rembrandt van Rijn 1606 7 1669 I Anatomy Lesson of Dr Tulp Netherlands 1632 CE I The Night Watch Amsterdam Germany 1642 CE 0 The Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq l 1 ll V1sual Arts 100 European Art 18Lh Century CE I The Rococo period follows the reign of King Louis XV The style expresses gaiety and opulence of French elegant homes where the art is ornate lush and lavish Also characterized by the Enlightenment period the Age of Reason which marks a new way of thinking critically about the new world human kind and religion myth or tradition The basis of the Enlightenment period was the thought of empirical evidence and the scienti c method of discovery The Neoclassic period is de ned by the renewed interest in classical antiquity along with the admiration for Greek and Roman art and culture Classical cultures represent the height of civilized societies 0 Rococo Art 1700 71760 CE I Jean Honore Fragonard 1732 7 1806 European Art 19Lh Century CE The Swing London England 1766 The Meeting from the Progress of Love Unknown ca 1771 7 1773 CE 0 Neoclassicism Art From 1770 CE I Jacques Louis David 1748 7 1825 I Oath ofthe Horatii Paris France 1784 CE The Death of Marat Brussels Belgium 1793 CE I During the 193911 century the shift from reason to feeling de nes the Romantic time period Romanticism emerged from the idea and desire to be free not only from politics but from thought feeling action worship speech and taste Realism developed in the latter years of the 19th century on the increasing emphasis on science The general public embraced the idea of empiricism the search for knowledge based on observation and direct experience 0 Romanticism Art ca 1800 7 1840 I Eugene Delacroix 1798 7 1863 I Liberty Leading the People Paris France 1830 CE I Henry Fusei174171825 I The Nightmare Detroit United State 1781 CE I Francisco Goya 1746 7 1824 I Third of May 1808 Madrid Spain 1814 7 1815 CE 0 Connection to a historical event Saturn Devouring His Children Madrid Spain 1819 CE 0 Realism Art From 1850 I Gustave Courbe 1819 7 1877 I The Stone Breakers Destroyed 1849 I William Henry Fox Talbot 1800 7 1877 I The Open Door England 1843 l Visual Arts 100 Art of Ancient Greece ca 900 7 30 BCE I The beginning of Western ideas and cultural characteristics is seen through Greek culture and art The Greek contributions are signi cant and imitations of their art styles have been continued since their creations Their important artistic achievement can be seen as a progression of stylistic development The Golden Age of Pericles ca 450 7 400 BCE is regarded as the high point in Greek art and the idealism and naturalism re ected in the artworks are integrated with a conscious intent toward harmony unity and beauty Man is the measure of all things and the human especially the male figure is used as subject to depict artworks where parts are uni ed as a whole in harmony and nothing is shown to be excessive or gross 391 r v Jill l Visual Arts 100 Art of Ancient Greece ca 900 7 30 BCE I Time and Style Periods l Geometric characterized almost exclusively by abstract motifs and simple silhouettes 2 Archaic saw the rise of lifesize stone statues and Archaic smiles as well as black and red gure techniques 3 Classical divided into Early and High period During the Early period an introduction of coritrapposto to gures The High period is known as The Golden Age of Pericles 4 Hellenistic extends from the death of Alexander the Great until the death of Cleopatra Art forms depict violent movements and unbridled emotions o Geometric Alt ca 900 7 700 BCE I Geometric Krater Athens Greece ca 740 BCE I Pottery features a mourning scene and a procession for the dead I Man and Centaur Olympia Greece ca 750 BCE I Statue small bronze statue o Archaic Art ca 700 7 480 BCE I Francois Vase Chiusi Italy ca 570 BCE I Black Figure The silhouetting of dark gures against a light background with linear details incised through the silhouettes Created by the Corinthians I Achilles and Ajax Athens Greece ca 540 7 530 BCE I Amphora pottery by Exekias I The Suicide of Ajax Athens Greece ca 540 BCE I Amphora pottery by Exekias I Standing Youth Kouros Anavysos Greece ca 530 BCE O I Differs from earlier Kouros sculptures increased naturalism in proportions I Peplos Kore Athens Greece ca 530 BCE I Never sculpted nude women wore Peplos a woolen belted garment I Fallen Warrior Aegina Greece ca 480 BCE I Temple of Aphaia l Visual Arts 100 Classical Art ca 480 7 323 BCE Early Classical ca 480 7 450 BCE I Kritios Boy Athens Greece ca 480 BCE I Displays a seriousness that contrasts signi cantly with figures of the archaic period I Contrapposto weight shift from one leg to the other Higl1 Classical ca 450 7 400 BCE I Discus Thrower Destroyed ca 450 BCE I The original sculpture was made by Myron in bronze while the replica from Roman times was made of marble I Lost Wax Process A bronzecasting method where a figure is modeled in wax and covered with clay the whole is fired which melts away the wax and hardens the clay I Spear Bearer Doryphoros Destroyed ca 450 7 440 BCE I The original sculpture was made by Polykleitos in bronze and later a marble copy was made by the Romans Three Goddesses Athens Greece ca 438 7 432 BCE I Located on the east pediment of the Parthenon Acropolis I Hestia Dione and Aphrodite statue creates a wetlook attributed to Phidias Parthenon Acropolis Athens Greece ca 447 7 438 BCE I Temple built by Iktinos and Kallikrates that exhibited Doric style I Acropolis is a sacred site in Athens for the worship of Gods and Goddesses Temple of Athena Nike Acropolis Athens Greece ca 427 7 424 BCE I Temple built by Kallikrates that exhibits the Ionic style which is more complex than Doric Erechtheion Acropolis Athens Greece Ca 421 7 405 BCE I Replaces the Archaic Athena temple that had been destroyed by the Persians Exhibits Ionic styles which emphasizes the uniqueness of this temple 39 l Visual Arts 100 Late Classical ca 400 7 323 BCE I Hermes and Dionysus Olympia Greece ca 340 BCE I The original sculpture was made by Praxiteles who introduced the concept of the shallow S curve I The Scraper Apoxyomenos Destroyed ca 330 BCE I Originally sculpted by Lysippos in bronze Currently the sculpture is a replica made of marble o Hellenistic Art ca 323 7 30 BCE I Nike of Samothrace Samothrace Greece ca 190 BCE I Heighted theatrical Visual and special effects I Venus de Milo Aphrodite Melos Greece ca 150 7 125 BCE I Sculpted by Alexandros of AntiochontheMeander who portrayed Aphrodite to be overtly sexual Seated Boxer Rome Italy ca 100 7 50 BCE I Old Market Woman Unknown ca 150 7 100 BCE I A brutally realistic sculpture of barbarians 17 7 ll V1sual Arts 100 Etruscan Art ca 600 7 500 BCE I The Etruscan people lived mainly along the west coast of Italy The dominated the area including Rome through the sixth century BCE until they were thrown out of Rome in 510 BCE by the expanding Italic tribes that later established the Roman Republic and Empire The Etruscans practiced both cremation and inhumation using both small ash urns and large sarcophagi This suggests there was a mixture of people that made up their culture and these combinations of different ideas are exhibited in their artworks Temples did not resemble Greek culture Etruscan temples were made of wood and mud bricks and columns and stairs were only located at the front of the temples o Etruscan Art ca 600 7 500 BCE I Apulu Apollo Veii Italy ca 510 7 500 BCE I Painted terra cotta I Shewolf Rome Italy ca 500 7 480 BCE I Symbol of Rome heightened expression and humanistic characteristics I Sarcophagus Cerveteri Italy ca 520 BCE Roman Art ca 500 BCE 7 350 CE I The Roman legacy began as a citystate and grew to an empire that ruled the world Their artwork although heaVily in uenced by Greek art has a character of its own The Romans were master builders and created monumental architectures Time and Style Periods 1 Roman Republic lasted until the death of Julius Caesar in 44 BCE The Roman system of government was based on two parties the Patricians who were the aristocrats and the Plebeiaris who were the common folk 2 Early Empire the introduction of city planning roads bridges aqueducts and amphitheaters Architecture becomes much more advanced with the use of concrete and the rounded arch keystone 3 High Empire sculptures are characterized by the combination of realism from the Romans and idealism of the Greeks 4 Late Empire marked by internal strife and the Violent deaths of Emperors Constantine diVided the Empire and moves the capital to Constantinople 0 Roman Republic ca 509 7 27 BCE I Temple of Portunas Rome Italy ca 75 BCE I Followed the Greek and Etruscan architecture plan Ionic style and stairs in the front I Portrait of Roman General Tivoli Italy ca 75 7 50 BCE I Sanctuary of Hercules 1 39 1 Visual Arts 100 0 Early Empire ca 27 BCE 7 96 CE I Pont du Gard Nimes France ca 16 BCE I An aqueduct constructed by Roman engineers that brought water from the mountains to Nimes I Augustus of Prima Porta Prima Porta Italy ca 20 BCE I Arch of Titus Rome Italy ca 81 CE 0 High Empire ca 96 7 192 CE I Column of Trajan Rome Italy ca 112 CE I Tells the story ofthe Dacian Wars in 150 episodes I The Pantheon Rome Italy ca 118 7 125 CE I Oculus light source from the top I Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius Rome Italy ca 175 I Conveys the power of the Roman Emperor 1 V1sual Arts 100 0 Late Empire ca 192 7 337 CE I Portrait of Caracalla Rome Italy ca 211 7 217 CE I Portrait of Four Tetrarchs Constantinople Turkey ca 305 CE I Conveys the intent to hang onto their empire 0 Constantinople Constantine I Arch of Constantine Rome Italy ca 312 7 315 CE I Symbolizes the triumph of Victory I Portrait of Constantine Constantine the Great Rome Italy ca 315 7 330 CE I Constantine creates an Eastern power of Istanbul I The statue moves back to the archaic style 0 Massive eyes are symbolic of religious works Early Christian and Byzantium Art ca 200 7 1000 CE The traditions of Jewish Christian and Islamic religions would bring about signi cant changes to art and the philosophy of art Traditions of Jewish art have references in the holy scriptures of the Torah Jewish themes mainly religious have been depictions of daily life and images of menorahs and the Ark of the Covenants Christianity affects art by the movement away from observed realism and intellectual reason Artworks expressed that which was felt or the spiritual and the power of faith was ultimately exalted Christian artworks use images to tell a narrative or to show symbolic importance Islamic Art is in uenced by the sacred scriptures of the Koran and exhibits an expressive exquisite design and patter of arabesque form Sophisticated calligraphy is used to create holy writing and is considered the highest form of Muslim Art These artworks have turned away from Classicism and towards a more intricate detailed expressive form 0 Early Christian Art ca 3rd 7 63911 Century CE I The Good Sheppard Rome Italy ca 43911 Century CE I Tells the story of Jonah and the whale I Sarcophagus of Junis Bassus Rome Italy ca 359 I Sant Apollinare Nuovo Ravenna Italy ca 504 o Byzantine Art ca 6th 7 10Lh Century CE I Justinian and Attendants Ravenna Italy ca 547 I Mosaic of San Vitale I Theodora and Attendants Ravenna Italy ca 547 I Hagia Sophia Istanbul Turkey ca 532 7 537 CE I The use of medallions suggests parts from the Qur an I The architecture develops from the home of Muhammad with the idea of Peace from within 0 Islamic Art 73911 7 15Lh Century CE I Dome ofthe Rock Jerusalem Israel ca 687 7 692 CE I The Great Mosque Kairouan Tunisia ca 836 7 875 CE I The Great Mosque Cordoba Spain ca 8th 7 10 Century CE v l Visual Arts 100 What is A1t 39 Why do people create art 0 Art is a way of expression a statement or used to make a question Communication sends a message Evokes emotion and feelings Representation of culture I Tradition religion geography values and beliefs 0 Tells a story or of history Aesthetics 39 Something that is visually pleasing or upsetting 39 The study form or break down of a work of art The Value of Art 39 How do people consider the value of art 0 Monetary value to emotional value 000 l 1 ll Visual Arts 100 Creation of Beauty 39 Beauty is a means of expression 39 Orlan A female contemporary French artist Western Art European males had created a definition of beauty 0 Orlan uses plastic surgery the ultimate essence of beauty Means for Expression and Communication 39 Frida Kahlo Diego in My Thoughts 0 Third eye represents imagination reveals a self truth 39 A Zen garden captures harmony 0 Art provides a plan or place away from chaos Styles of Art 39 There are levels of understanding art that have to do with the manner or style used to convey the communication of the work It should be understood that one style is not inherently better than another only different in appearance Each requires knowledge from the audience to understand the content of the art 0 Realism 9 Nonobjective I l Realism This includes the artworks that have been created in a manner that the subject looks real to us Includes art that depicts the visual appearance of things as we expect to see them in the world The reality is visual and not literal of course since it includes distortion of things to create the illusion of realism the uniqueness of the subject characteristics give it individuality 39 Grant Wood American Gothic 39 Dwain Hanson The Shoppers I 2 Representationalism Reminds us of recognizable forms of the natural world not do not have the exact characteristics of the real things of nature and employ varying degrees of abstraction 3 Symbolism Use of symbolic messages of communication for the expression of its imagery The purpose may be to convey iconography relating to but transcending the form May embody concepts for hope truth and courage 39 Jan Van Eyck The Arnol ni Marriage A dog delity loyalty Shoes sacred grounds Fruit life reproduction Mirror the eye of God 0 O O O m l Visual Arts 100 4 Abstraction Includes artworks that are stylized and or simpli ed objective visual realism The process of abstraction often leads to a childlike appearance regarding form May lead to complete unrecognizable quality of he nonobjective or non representational Expressionism is linked to abstraction by the use of elements to heighten emotional aspects that the artist wishes to convey Color and techniques are free to accent the expressive emotional aspects 5 Non objective Includes artworks that have no apparent reference to objective visual reality May have a purpose for expressing the unseen realities people perceive to exist 39 Jackson Pollok 0 America s first introduction to abstract expressionism Language of the Visual Arts 39 Language is a way of communicating thoughts and feelings It is important to understand there are languages we can understand and ones we cannot but that each can possible communicate something from the profound to nonsense Like verbal languages that can be learned and understood so can nonverbal ones Composition has to do with the design organization and arrangement within the artwork Content has to do with everything included within the art such as the style history and form Elements 0 1 Line a point moving through space Moves the eye around the form 0 2 Shape a line intersecting itself at a point Natural vs man made appearance 0 3 Values the relative lightness or darkness of an image Relates to the scale from white to black 0 4 Color additive vs subtractive qualities 12 hue color wheel I Hue The value and intensity 0 5 Texture the surface quality of things 0 6 Space the air around things The perception of relative distance between things Includes foreground middle ground and background I Picture Plane Boundaries of the artwork I Atmospheric Perspective The space around having an effect on the art form I Principles 0 1 Unity harmony implies completeness a resolution and is often the desired end for the artwork A marriage of concepts techniques skills and materials to the highest expression for the artwork I May often be linked to the concept of beauty 0 Also includes balance symmetry pattern rhythm contrast emphasis and time Paleolithic Old Stone Age ca 30000 7 9000 BCE I The rst sculptures and painting predate the invention of writing by many thousands of years 0 Humans as the rst artists invent representationalism and naturalism by depicting their own words 0 Images of animals are more numerous than those of humans The use of profile to depict the animals becomes the standards of quality I Venus of Willendorf Willendorf Austria ca 28000 7 25000 BCE I Emphasis on the female aspects and fertility i a L Visual Arts 100 0 Twisted Perspective used to further identify an image 0 F oreshortening skewed angles to show distance and space Neolithic Art New Stone Age ca 8000 7 2300 BCE I About 9000 BCE there was a dramatic change in the way of life an advance in hunting to food producing led to a less nomadic lifestyle 0 Artworks express values of rhythm pattern and repetition Art ofthe Ancient Near East ca 3500 7 330 BCE I Civilization develops Mesopotamia along the Tigris and Euphrates River in a valley area that has been called the Fertile Crescent This is the birthplace of civilization The fertile land allowed people to advance their concepts for development and control their life I The invention of writing and arithmetic o Sumerian Art 3500 7 2300 BCE I Ziggurat A monumental platform for atemple in ancient Mesopotamian architecture I Warka Vase Uruk Iraq ca 3200 7 3000 BCE I Depicts a religious festival in favor of Inanna the Goddess of love and war I Statuettes of Two Worshipers Eshnunna Iraq ca 2700 BCE I Large eyes symbolize windows to the soul 0 Akkad Art ca 2300 BCE I Victory Stele ofNaramSin Susan Iran ca 2254 7 2218 BCE o Babylonian Art ca 2150 BCE I Hammurabi and Shamash Susan Iran ca 1780 BCE I Codes of Law of Hammurabi o Assyrian Art ca 1595 BCE I Dying Lioness from Nineveh Nineveh Iraq ca 645 7 640 BCE 11 1 Visual Arts 100 Art of Egypt ca 3500 71070 BCE I The Nile River was the source of water life religion and God in Egypt The fertile lush land alone the Nile has been called the Fertile Ribbon Egyptian art like Sumerian art was religious in purpose 0 Predynastic and Early Dynastic ca 3500 7 2575 BCE I Palette of King Narmer Hierakonpolis Egypt ca 3000 7 2920 BCE I Common use makeupcosmetics I Djoser Pyramid Saqqara Egypt ca 2630 2611 BCE I Built by Imhotep the first recorded artist 0 Old Kingdom ca 2575 72134 BCE I M ummi cation a technique used by the ancient Egyptians to preserve human bodies so that they may serve as the eternal home of the immortal ka Great Pyramids of Gizeh Gizeh Egypt ca 2560 BCE I Pyramids were made from limestone with a white limestone surface that was polished The Great Sphinx Gizeh Egypt ca 2520 7 2494 I Combines the intelligence of humans and the great strength and authority of the king of beasts to symbolize the Pharaoh Khafre Enthroned Gizeh Egypt ca 2520 7 2494 BCE I Ka the soul ofthe dead and their place to live 0 New Kingdom ca 1550 7 1070 BCE I Temples built during this period were places of worship for the Pharaohs during life and a place where followers could worship them after death Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut Deir el Bahri Egypt ca 1473 7 1458 BCE I Akhenaton Kamak Egypt ca 1353 7 1335 BCE I Found in the Temple of Aton Nefertiti Tell elAmarna Egypt ca 1353 7 1335 I The un nished sculpture is of Akhenaton s wife I Death Mask of Tutankhamen Thebes Egypt ca 1323 BCE I Made of gold with inlaid semiprecious stones Prehistoric Aegean Art ca 3000 7 1200 BCE The geographic location and climate affected the people of the Aegean Islands just as it did Mesopotamia and Egypt These people are considered to be the forerunners of the Greek culture The island cultures re ect the sea life around them through images and designs in their art 0 Cycladic Art ca 3000 7 1700 BCE I Figurine ofa Woman Syros Greece Ca 2500 7 2300 BCE I Also known as a Plank Idol I Lyre Player Keros Greece ca 2700 7 2500 BCE o Minoan Art ca 1700 7 1200 BCE I Palace at Knossos Knossos Greece ca 1700 7 1400 BCE I Legendary home of the Minotaur a creature that is half bull and half man Bullleaping Knossos Greece ca 1450 7 1400 BCE I Fresco painting decorating the walls of the Palace at Knossos Women were painted lighter colors while men were colored in deep reds and browns Octopus Jar Palaikastro Greece ca 1500 BCE Snake Goddess Knossos Greece ca 1600 BCE I Represents her power over the animal world I Kamares Jug Phaistos Greece ca 1800 BCE I Harvester Vase Hagia Triada Greece ca 1500 BCE o Mycenaean Art ca 1700 7 1200 BCE I Lions Gate Mycenae Greece ca 1300 7 1250 BCE I Two massive monoliths capped with a huge lintel I Treasury of Atreus Mycenae Greece ca 1300 7 1250 BCE I Tholos tomb BeehiveDome shaped I Funeral Mask from Grave Circle A Mycenae Greece ca 1600 7 1500 BCE I Made from gold depicts a mature male I Vaphio Cups Laconia Greece ca 1500 BCE