Introduction to the Visual Arts (GT
Introduction to the Visual Arts (GT ART 100
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Name Schoen II on Monday September 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ART 100 at Colorado State University taught by Lola Logsdon in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see /class/210139/art-100-colorado-state-university in Art at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
VisLlAl tS Mom and Thursdays in tilt Lolalogsdoncolostateedu M105 visual arts building Hours 121 Monday Wednesday Friday 4916831 office phone EXAMS 1 September 14 2 October 10 3 November 7 4 FINAL DECEMBER 10 Definition of art Means of communication Defines human conditions Re ects culture Definition of quotgoodquot art Tells the truth Wind river country by albert Bierstadt Marcel Duchamp Norman Rockwell thanksgiving could be true Rembrandt self portrait Is art beauty Immanual Kant German philosopher once said quot Beauty is in the eye of the beholder Scottish philosopher David Hume believed that all art shares a common understanding of other cultures and how other people see the world Art is cultural The Netherland had a very different perspective when it came to the best and worst painting 82212 Chris Ofili quotthe holy virgin Mary 1996 people didn t like it Greek theory quotArt should imitate nature Art should analyze nature and copy it as perfectly as possible The golden mean or the golden section is the abc linerepresents beauty quot Foundation to the Greek art Dynamic symmetry is like the modern art and houses quotImitation is always second best so art has no value Plato is art about emotion love or an idea new technology keeping an open mindfountain new technique impressions Marcel Duchamp made a fountain to raise awareness about what art is Keep an open mind Jackson Pollock one he believed in the unconscious Mark Rothko untitled Composition quotThe arrangement of formal elements in a work of art think of the elements of art as a Visual language Color 0 Light theory o All colors of light make white 0 Pigment theory older theory 0 All colors of pigment make black Color terms HUE color SATURATION purity of pigment TINTS color with white added SHADES color with black added VALUE how much light is re ected Pigment theory color wheel Primary colors red blue yellow Secondary colors le ofprimary Tertiary between the secondary and primary Complementary opposite on the color wheel Analogous same side of color wheel more calming used in interiors Warm and cool colors Psychological use of color The old guitar player Pablo Picasso Color as focal point color has great power to draw our eye to what they want us to look at Use of color to create illusionary space local and optical colors ampWarm and cool colors Methods of creating quotillusionary space In addition to using color 0 Position and size gives illusion of overlapping o Perceived atmosphere 0 Things in the background are hazy because of the amount of atmosphere between it 0 Single point linear perspective 0 Two point linear perspective 0 Can add more objects but they need there own points Purpose and Style Functional Art Architecture Ruins of the Anu Ziggurat and White Temple 33003000 BCE Kaufmann House Fallingwater Frank Lloyd Wright wanted to make the house in touch with nature with cultural value Guggenheim Museum Frank Lloyd Wright in NY Crafts Ardabil Carpet Iran 1540 Bowl with Kufic Border 11th 12th century ChojiroTeabowl called YugurequotTwilight Kente Cloth Ashanti culture Ghana Rayon Olowe of Ise Offering Bowl 1925 Fine Art The goal of a work of art is to communicate RegresentationalArt tells the truth from nature but may not be recognized Realism Naturalism art the imitates nature Bison Le Tucd Audiubert Linda 1983john DeAndrea Wind River Country Ablert Bierstadt Migrant Mother Dorothea Lange Abstraction art that imitates nature but is simplified distorted or rearranged by the artist sometimes used for the same reasons as realismnaturalism art Drawing ofa cow it is simplified to just shades and the outlines Abstracted cow just colors on a white background Henry Moore recumbent figure Bird in space Constantine Brancusi 82712 Non objective non representational derived from the artist s imagination not from the natural world Abrtract Vs Nonobjective Usually has a title that makes sense Has a title like composition in red yellow etc Non Objective Number 14 rust amp hlue Mark Rothko M Jackson Pollock Curren t Bridget Riley Cuhi Series David Smith Style Definitions Formalism quotthe essence of art is the orderly arrangement of formal elements Clement Greenberg Composition in Red Blue and Yellow Voodoo Iudy Pfaff Expressionism Art that emphasizes emotion Might be realistic might be abstract Dying Gallic Trumpeter The Night Caf Vincent Van Gogh The Scream Edvard Munch smbolism An object that stands for something else May be realistic abstract Tomh interior with engraved stones GiovanniArnol ni amp his Bride Jan Van Eyck The Nike logo Instrumentalism Art is being used as a tool a way of communicating and convince you of something Assurnasirpal ll Killing Lions Henri de Toulouse Lautrec American Gothic Grant Wood Darkytown Rehellion Kara Walker Viet Nam Memorial in Washington DC Maya Lin All of the different types may overlap Prehistoric Art Is it art if nobody made it Water worn pebble resembling a human face Stone age tools woman statues were big and the face was not done Venus Of Laussel Lion Human Hybrid figure with human body and feline head Two bison made out of clay 82912 Check RamCT for grades Wall paintings with horses and other animals old examples of decorations Hall of the bulls lasacauz cave France Chinese horse quotsame place Lamp with ibeX design bottom ofa candle Iomon vesseljapan ceramic reconstructed from shards Neolithic era 80002300 bc painted beaker amp woman spinning relief from susa deer hunt catalhoyuk turkey Neolithic wall and tower Iericho Neolithic plastered skull Iericho life size Human figure orgen Ceramic figures ofa woman and a man from Romania Stonehenge Wiltshire England Bronze age starts at 2300 bc Sumer first evidence ofwritten language and religion Written on wet clay and then the marks would be made and then the clay was fired to keep it The foundation of literature Cuneiform tablets are a good example of the counting system Development of an organized religion reconstructed drawing of the anu ziggurat and white temple Iraq Nanna ziggurat Ur In the temples are structures holding offerings to the gods big eyes on all of them 83112 terms cuneiform ziggurat simultaneity showing the image from different points ofView canon mastaba Imhotep Measopotamia Sumer Akkad Babylonia Stele of Hammurabi Assyria Guardian figures at a gate A of the citadel of Sargon II Persia Persepolis Greekword for city Egypt Beginning of the unification of upper and lower Egypt pallet of king Narmer Functional art Abstract Symbolism quotEgyptianquot Canon like a formula Canon strict style like a formulaEgyptians followed this rule with how they drew humans conceptualideal what we understand out body to look like understand it perceptualoptical what an object is represented as we see it 3 parts of the soul 1 goes to the heavens 2 goes between heaven and earth 3 the part that stays on earth Ka figures First architect that we know of Impotept 13 million blocks in each pyramid the erosion of the cat thing in Egypt has erosion patterns ofwater not wind so that puts it 9000 years back from the date they thought it was made Made from living rock already there Pyramids around the world Tomb of the first emperor first burial ground in china Teolthihuacan Mexico Palenque Mexico Chichenitza yucatan Guatamala 90512 Egypt New Kingdom 1531075 BCE Amarna Period mid new kingdom 13531335 BCE o Apolytheistic quot believed in many gods 0 Akhenaton was the first to believe in many gods Return to New Kingdom Style after Amarna Period Temple of Ramses II Persians conquered Egypt 525 BCE Alexander the Great conquered Persians amp Egypt 332 BCE The Aegean World and Ancient Greece 0 3 major cultures 0 Oldest found on the Cycladic islands I Female figures very abstract found on the islands as well 0 Minoan Art I PreGreeks golden age of art I Pottery was huge Art Nuevo style used nature as a reference and added the ow ofit in the art Minoan Pottery was used to trade Octopus jar was a famous jar that they don t know what it was used for Composition ofit is beautiful Minoan Culture ended 1375 BCE as a result of earthquakes amp volcanic eruptions amp pressure from Mycenaean culture on mainland Mycenaean Art Were great at molding gold Citadel enclosed blocked off Protected where they lived by making it hard to enter if you didn t belong lions Gate Post amp Lintel like rooms 2 walls and something covering the areal view on top Cemetery at Mycenae Treasury ofAtreus was an example of lt Thought it was a treasure but it was just a tomb Repousse to hammer Hammer together different pieces of gold until you have a big chunk that you can mold Tapping from the back until the front is the image you want like a mask but done the other way Ended in IIOOBCE The Aegean World and Ancient Greece Geometric Style or Period Archaic Period 600480 Kouros young men Probably the Egyptians thought them to carve marble They make them in the nude Make them look lifelike look like they were still alive so they smile Kore young girl dressed meant to keep up with the fashion of the time Encaustic painted with wax and pigment marble was warmed then it was painted Terms Encaustic Cella the room that s on the inside of the house or structure Pediment location where sculptured were placed Phidias artist whom created Athena Parthenos Contrapposto he s standing in a natural position the whole body is balanced Foreshortening making something look like its coming at you or like your looking at it head on Used in Greek pottery a lot Acropolis city on a hill Entasis slight swelling in the center of the column to make it more lifelike Frieze Polykleitos spear barrio or the canon was made by him artist Lost wax Greeks developed it put wax in a mold then let it sit then chip away the excess wax Greek Architecture Orders that you need to know 1 Doric Order oldest columns short and thick 2 Ionic Order 3 Corinthian Order looks unstable least used Classical Greece 4803 2 3 BCE Classical Greek sculpture from the Acropolis Realism Using nature as a modle Parthenos Virgin Phidian style making the sculptures look lifelike and represent the human body Kritios Boy the human body has been perfected by artists the beginning of free sculpture Warrior from Riace 460 BCE o Legs have been idealized 0 To take the detentions and to find the absolute perfect look for the sculpture o Considered abstraction 0 To look more perfect Charioteer Only one that is left ofbronze casting Late Classical Style Greek Sculpture Hermes and the Infant Dionysus reference to emotion ad real life Aphrodite of Knidos goddess of fertility Dying Gallic Trumpet shows tons of emotion and makes you sympathize with the sculpture Nike of Samothrace winged Victory sanctuary of the Great Gods Aphrodite of Melos represented to be sexy and seductive Sleeping Satyr another seductive sculpture The market Women emotion included and portrayed while looking at her Laocoon and his sons motion used diagonals to make the sculpture look like its in motion classic and helonistic changing culture and ideas about the culture composition time periods difference between the types of arts 25 on slides 25 on lecture sample on ramct
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