Individual and Family Development (GT
Individual and Family Development (GT HDFS 101
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maureen Lynch on Tuesday September 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 101 at Colorado State University taught by Raymond Yang in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see /class/210220/hdfs-101-colorado-state-university in Human Dev And Family Sciences at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 09/22/15
What is Family 1262011 40900 PM Emotional bonds US Census definition is a legal definition Geneticbiological relationship Adopted Families are often no different than biologically related families AdultsKids represent a socialization function Prolonged interaction over time Reciprocity does it occur in families 0 Expecting something in return once you ve helped someone numerable times Shared emotional experiences Shared intense emotional experiences planned or not Define your definition of family and rationalization of how much timefactors it takes to make someone consider another person as family 0 Important experiences Obligation sometimes formed after being taught by someone for multiple years With the accumulation of experiences one may sometimes develop trust with someone and this person shares the same feeling with you Development 4192011 Define it Dictionary Definition To set forth or make clear by degrees or in detail to make visible or manifest to treat with an agent to develop a color Embedded in the idea of growth are the following principles 0 Linear Additive A kind of accretion Cumulative o Stagelike changes 0 Increasing differentiationcomplexity The phrase Grow up implies we have certain expectations of where we should be at in our lives and where we should be going trajectory 0 Mature Adulthood Recognizable when we do NOT see it o Teleology Trajectory with a religiousspiritual worldview What is in store for me and how can I influence it Stochastic process Random walk linear path with bumps and rough spots Analogy ant on main trunk of tree ant is going to climb to top of that tree but you can t predict what branch exactly it will go to once the ant is at the top of the tree you can track it backwards o What you are born into is influential on some level Influences add up but are not completely deterministic Is Development Reversible The predominance of generative over degenerative processes Are there processes in the family that expand and yet some degenerative emotional bonds 0 Rough Draft of Question Theories of Human Development 1262011 40900 PM o Freud Classical psychoanalytic theory ID Ego SuperEgo o Psychosexual stages o Cathexis an investment of psychic or emotional energy Cathexic process when you have a thought about something Biggest Discovery We all have a subconscious Anticathexis mental energy pushing down 0 Forgetting anticathexis overpowering the cathexis Primary process unconscious nonrational Secondary process rational logic conscious Libido any kind of physical pleasure particularly any type of pleasure that is on your body and sensual Identification I will walktalkact like my dad Repetition compulsion remembering something over and over again till eventually forgetting ErosThanatos create lifedestroy life o Behavioral theory o Classical conditioning respondentMost basic fundamental form of learning o Behaviorism was in fact a reaction to Freud pushing psycho analytical theory o Instrumental conditioning operant having to perform an act in order to be reinforcedanything that will affect the response you want to increasedecrease rewardpunishment o Extinction elimination of a learned response o of trials have an effect on how quickly an action is learnedeliminated o Stimulus generalization Shaping using reinforcement to teach pages 3842 o Jean Piaget o Cognitive Inductive Theory Piagetian theory wanted to know how people develop knowledge o Assimilation incorporating new experiences into current understanding o Accommodation modifying something to take it in o Equilibration the balance of accommodation and assimilation o Was interested in the questions kids got wrong Piaget 3 o Schema ta mental molds into which we pour our experiences series of actions for a sensorimotorwhen baby series of procedures we are taught o Disequilibrium 9010when accommodation and assimilation ratios are way out of balance o No such thing as mental image until someone tells you what something is o Children cannot simultaneously figure out changes of dimension from wider to taller o Page 44 Stages o kids move through these stages no matter what even with teaching teaching does not influence the progression of going through these stages at all o egocentricity kids inability to cognitively grasp the possibility that the table looks different from different angles o when in Formal Operational Intelligence you move out of trial and error testing and into systematic testing this is figured out automatically it is not taught o check pages 270 language that we use is very important o corona radiate an investing layer of radially elongated follicle cells surrounding the zona pellucida o zona pellucida thick membrane around the mammalian ovum can be penetrated by one sperm in the fertilization process usually remains around the fertilized egg until it is implanted in the wall of the uterus o morulaa solid mass of blastomeres that forms when the zygote splits develops into the blastula o zygotethe diploid cell resulting from the union of a haploid spermatozoon and ovum including the organism that develops from that cell c blastocyst A thinwalled hollow structure in early embryonic development that contains a cluster of cells called the inner cell mass from which the embryo arises o gastrulation the process in developing mesoderm endoderm and ectoderm o cytoplasmic hybrid remove human cells nucleus and insert them into enucleated ovum of an animal pluripotent anything can be grown from embryonic stem cells Viability in terms of fetal amp embryonic development ability of the organism to survive outside of the uterus without heroic intervention Point of viability 23 to 27 weeks of gestation Be able to reflect personal beliefs usinq scientifically correct terms Huntington s Disease onset mid 3040 s lose coordination completely lethal BRCA1 penetrance 8085 drives breast cancer odds go up as you get older associated with ovarian cancer testicular cancer Thalidomide stops growth of capillaries envetrofertilization Eugenics NegativeHuntington s disease BRCA 12 traits we do not want Positive traits that we want Page 102 FASFAE FetalAlcohol syndromeFetal Alcohol Effects Continuum of reproductive casualty a lot of intake does a lot of damage a moderate intake does moderate damage a little intake does a little damage Unborn Violence Act Whoever engages in conduct that violates any of the provisions of law listed in subsection b and thereby causes the death of or bodily injury as defined in section 1365 to a child who is in utero at the time the conduct takes place is guilty of a separate offense under this section Prenatal hormonal environment effects child s behavior 1262011 40900 PM Zona Pellucida hard shell after sperm enters ovum Ensoulment when a soul enters a living organism Totipotency is the ability of a single cell to divide and produce all the differentiated cells in an organism including extraembryonic tissues Blastocyst Zygote o Morula o ICM Inner Cell Mass Infant Development 1262011 40900 PM o Neonate a newborn child especially a child less than a month old o Babies have extremely strong grasp reflexes Klaus amp Kennell o These behaviors are part of our evolutionary processes nuzzling 0 Transfer benign Nasal flora to your baby o Baby and Mother in first two weeks have matched cadence movements o Babies can recognize mother s unique smell within 2 weeks as well c There is a window around human birth for Bonding to occur o Neonatal Intensive Care Unit originated in 1970 s o Bonding must happen in a critical period 3045 minutes or first 48 hours for human beings o 2035 of NICU children are later found to be on child abuse lists Iatrogenic effect Sex and Gender Development Pg 2711262011 40900 PM Schemata are developed for boygirlmenwomen built through accommodationassimilation Gender Shemata it is impossible to be Gender Achematic Sex is genes anatomy physiology Gender is psychological sociological anthropological aspects of sex Sandra Bempsychologist Cornell University Bidemensional model 100100Metrosexual Tomboy In the quadraint of Justin Beber and Marylin Manson the gender is aschematic Androgyny is Ellen DegenWilliam Sisters Differenece between ubersexual and metrosexual is that ubersexuals have an activistpolitical point Zachary Lipscomb aka Auroura 0 Born genetically male Born in Westerville Southern Ohio Taken away by social services Parents have bipolar disorderManic Depressive disorder Have fought in the past sometimes violently Father struggles with memories of being beaten as a child Mother has never allowed her husband to be allowed home alone with her child at night they are both too hotheaded she has occasionally become overwhelmed by physicalpsychological conditions of her child s Asperger s syndrome o Father Responds with that is Bull Father claims he has GIDon daily lithium Father decided he didn t need lithium drug anymore and gave it to ZacharyAurora instead The parents broke upare to have separate supervised visits with ZacharyAurora Bipolar disorder Asperger s Syndrome Gender Identity Disorder Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ADHD By the age of 6 years old had been to 14 physicians DA Argues that Munchausen s Syndrome by Proxy may be occurring 0 O O O 0 Jessica Steele claims that there is more than GID in play with Zachary o Munchausen s Syndrome having such a strong need Gender Identity Disorder there must be evidence of a strong and evident cross gender identification which is a desire to be or insistence that one is of the other sex Must be evidence of discomfort for one s assigned gender role Does not apply to the rare but not totally infrequent physiologically or hormonally driven disorders To make the diagnosis there must be significant stress on given identity o 17 yr old malefemale Secondary Sex traits are present o Munchausen s Syndromea label for a pattern of behavior in which caretakers deliberately exaggerate andor fabricate andor induce physical andor psychologicalbehavioralmental health problems in others Operational guidelines of courts for cases involving children The courts must rule with what is the in the best interest of the child Before 1970 Children are tender and need special protection because they are tender Youngest person to have sex reassignment surgery was 14 years old from Vienna Austria David Reimer was a male who was taught to be a girlcommitted suicide at age of 40 o Dr Edgardo Menvielle Children s National Medical Center Washington DC 0 Let the kids be what they want to be c Dr Kenneth Zucker Kenneth J Zucker Center for Addiction and Mental Health Toronto Canada 0 Set the kids straight o John Money is all Gender is is social and psychological Juin Baize boy dressed as a girl lives with grandma Juin gets suspended grandma throws family out of house Macoby Jacklin Cognitive coassanance o Piaget o Kids are building Schemas o Boys are more social with boys and vice versa with girls o Metaanlysis study of a study
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