Public Speaking SPCM 200
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KNS 332 003
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ryder Green on Tuesday September 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SPCM 200 at Colorado State University taught by Jennifer Bone in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see /class/210230/spcm-200-colorado-state-university in Speech & Communication at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 09/22/15
27 August Delivery Action and manner of speaking to an audience Methods of Delivery Impromptu Manuscript word of word must be accurate Memorized Extemporaneous Conversational style Every style has advantages and disadvantages Verbal Components of Delivery Vocal variety changes in the volume rate and pitch of a speaker s voice Volume loudness of a speaker s voice Rate speed at which a speaker speaks If information is review or simple can speed up Pitch highness or lowness of a speaker s voice Inflection manipulation of pitch Monotone not altering pitch End of statement low End of question higher Pauses hesitations and brief silences in speech Vocalized pauses pauses filled with words or sounds llUmquot quoterquot or quotuhquot Articulation producing specific speech sounds to make language intelligible How clearly you are saying your words Pronunciation saying words correctly according to accepted standards of a language Dialect pattern of speech that is shared among ethnic groups or people from specific geographical locations Nonverbal Components of Delivery Personal appearance Eye contact Facial expression Posture Gestures Proxemics use of space 22 August Additional Due Dates Informative proposal due Friday 97 Invitational proposal due Monday 101 Policy proposal due Wednesday 1024 Selfevaluation TBD after informative speech Midterm Friday 1019 Multiple choice and short answer Why Speak in Public Choose to speak Asked to speak Required to speak A Public Speaking Model Speaker Message encodingdecoding Speaker encodes ideas transferred into words examples stories visuals Audience decodes translates message into meaning Audience Channel how message is delivered Noise internalexternal nterferes with message distractions Internal is part of person hungry uncomfortable other thoughts External is talking in hallway ampc Feedback Context Time of day what s occurring in the world 5 Sources of Communication ntrapersonal communication with ourselves In personal communication with other people One or two other people Group communication communication among members of a team or a collective Often members have a common goal Mass communication communication generated by media organizations to reach large audiences Public communication one person gives a speech to other people most often in a public setting Communication Apprehension Trait anxiety apprehension about communicating with others in any situation State or situational anxiety apprehension about communicating with others in a particular situation Public Speaking Anxiety PSA when we learn we have to give a speech or take a public speaking course Overcoming Nervousness Do research Practice speech Have realistic expectations Practice visualization and affirmations Find connections with audience Be a good audience member Diagnostic Speech Pick 2 objects that represent you Article of clothing photograph award childhood items etc Speak for 2 3 minutes Include an introduction body conclusion Speak from notecards if necessary Speak extemporaneously 24 August Listening to Others Hearing vibration of sound waves on our eardrums followed by impulses sent to the brain Listening giving attention and understanding another person s words Listener Interference Anything that hinders a listener from receiving a message External auditory or visual distractions Internal distracting thoughts or feelings What are your listening faults Two Broad Categories for Speaker Interference Caused by language Caused by differences Speaker Interference Caused by Language Too formal or technical Jargon language used by a special group or for a special activity Too casual Slang informal nonstandard vocabulary Colloquialism a local or regional informal dialect or expression Euphemism substitutes an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend Noninclusive Genderinclusive language Culturally inclusive language Spotlighting Too cluttered Verbal clutter extra words that pad sentences and claims but don t add meaning Speaker Interference Caused by Differences Speech style Background and occupation Appearance Values Careful Listener Overcomes listener interference to better understand a speaker s message How to Listen Carefully Listen for speaker s purpose main ideas sources Listen for consistence of delivery and content Write down new words ideas and questions Offer nonverbal feedback Critical Listeners Listen for the accuracy of a speech s content and the implications of a speaker s message Listen for strengths and weaknesses of reasoning and supporting materials Remain open to new ideas Ethical Listening Considers the moral impact of a speaker s message on one s self and one s community