Public Speaking SPCM 200
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This 66 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ryder Green on Tuesday September 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SPCM 200 at Colorado State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see /class/210237/spcm-200-colorado-state-university in Speech & Communication at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 09/22/15
Unit 1 Chapter 1 Wednesday August 22 Agenda Civility Ethical Public Speaking Piublic Dialogue Video Public Speaking Model Video Civility Care and concern for others Thoughtful use of words and language Flgxibility to see the many sides of an 1ssue This is What we strive for Ethical Speaking gt Consider the moral impact of your ideas and arguments on others gt Clarify issues and stimulate thinking What are some examples of unethical speaking based on this definition Public Dialogue gt Ethical and civil exchange of ideas and opinions among communities about topics that affect the public democracy gt Thislis the essence of public speaking Video In what ways does this speaker embody Civility Ethical speaking Public dialogue Public Speaking Model Channel Message Feedback Channel Speaker Audience Examples of noise internal external noise Today We Covered Civility Ethical Public Speaking Piublic Dialogue Video Public Speaking Model Video Next Time Communication apprehension Hearing vs listening Willy we fail to listen How to listen carefully critically and ethically D1agnost1c Speech Reminders details on Blackboard gt Coursebook pp 1113 gt Organization T e of S eech and To it gt Extemporaneous speech based on two objects that describe you or something about you Outline Format gt Bare bones gt Turn your outline at the end of class You may turn In the outline you spoke from Time gt 23 minutes No less than 2 minutesno more than 3 minutes note Blackboard comment Timekeeper give you your time at l min 2 min 3 min and 35 min Time yourself at home Grade gt Passfail Unit 1 Chapter 2 Friday August 24 20 112 Last Time We Covered C1V111ty Care concern thoughtful use of words cognitively complex exible Ethical Public Speaking nsiders moral impact stimulates thinking clarifies Public Dialogue Ethical and civil exchange of ideas Public Speaking Model Speaker audience channels messages feedback context noise internal external decoding encoding Agenda Communication apprehension Hearing vs listening Willy we fail to listen video How to listen carefully critically and ethically Speakers as listeners Videoactivity Communication Apprehension The level of anxiety associated with either real or anticipated communication with a person or persons Two types gt Trait anxiety gt Situational anxiety PSA is a type Why do we become nervous How can we combat anxiety Hearing vs Listening gt Hearing is a physical process gt Listening is engaging with the content of what you re hearing Why We Fail to Listen gt Listener interference refers to poor audience listening habits 4 Speaker Interference happens when the content or delivery of a speech makes it hard to listen to VIDEO gt Listening Carefull39yaCriticallyaEthically Listen carefully for the message organization support etc Listen critically from your careful observations to learn something new or question the message Listen ethically to find the moral implications of the speaker s message not just from your standpoint Speakers as Listeners Feedback When did we talk about this How do speakers act as listeners VIDEO What39kind of feedback can you get and What does it mean once you decode it good bad What are you going to do about it ACTIVITY Today We Covered Communication apprehension Hearing vs listening Willy we fail to listen video How to listen carefully critically and ethically Speakers as listeners Videoactivity Next Time Reasons we speak publicly Brainstorming P1J391cpose statements Unit 1 Chapter 3 Monday August 27 2012 Last Time Communication apprehension Hearing vs listening Wihy we fail to listen Speakers as listeners Today We Will Cover Reasons we speak publicly Choose a TopiCBrainstorming Purpose a General and specific Thesis Why We Speak gtgt You want to gt You re asked to gt You re required to In these three instances you will always have to consider your audience and their expectations of you Choose a TopiCBrainstorming gtgt What is a topic gt What is a good topic gt What ifI have no idea what to speak about Brainstorm Purpose Now that I know my topic what is my purpose gt General gt Specific Purpose Continued General purpose broad Informdescribe clarify explain define Inviteunderstand explore discuss Persuade change shape motivate in uence Commemorate praise honor pay tribute Introduce accept check the book out Specific Purpose focused gt What do I want my audience to knowdo think at the end of my speech Thesis The thesis statement summarizes in a single declarative sentence the main ideas assumptions or arguments you will gover in your speech Tell us what you re going to tell us Unit 2 Chapter 4 Wednesday September 5 Agenda Topic specific purpose general purpose thesis The audience 4 Speaking environment Adapting to audience expectations Possibly some chapter 5 Audience The audience is a complex and varied group of people the speaker addresses Master statuses are significant positions you occupy within society that affect your identity and ho people perceive you ACTIVITY Standpoint is the perspective from which a person views and evaluates society Attitude Belief Value gt gt gt Audience Master statuses standpoints attitudes beliefs and values that make you who you are Ethnocentrism Belief that our own cultural perspectives norms or ways of gganizing society are superior to others Stereotyping A broad generalization about an entire group based on limited knowledge or exposure to only certain members of that group can lead to prejudice and even discrimination Be audience centered Speaking Environment gt Size and physical arrangement Affects how you establish rapport with your audience gt Technology gran affect your credibility positively or negatively Be prepared gt Temporal Factors Understand and when possible maximize your speaking environment to connect with your audience Audience Expectations gt Expectations about the speaker gt Expectations about form of the speech gt Ex ectations about discussion Anticipate expectations as much as possible so that you can remain audience centered Up to Now Topic specific purpose general purpose thesis The audience 4 Speaking environment Adapting to audience expectations Unit ZBrief overview of Chapter 56 Friday September 392 Agenda Sources of support pro and con discussion Source credibility Plagiarism Citing Read ch 6 for more specifics on making your citations purposeful and effective in delivering your message Chapter 5 gt What kinds of supporting materials can you usetii n your speeches gt gt gt gt gt gt gt gt Sources of Support Personal experience Narratives realhypothetica1 Library catalogs librarian Databasesquot Government Documents Reference Works Interview HHmew Internet Source Credibilitv gt Ask gt Reliablecredible source gt Wikis Current omplete Relevant Consistent and Unbiased gt gt Plagiarism What is plagiarism What are some common forms of plagiarism and how can I avoid them z ma mam mm M39Wzakoume murmur vwnmwmsoor la EpcpmruesaAlH amt ms wwglmzzv r Citing gt Adds credibility Examples of in peech Citation gt Cite orally in speechquot The Collegian our campus gt S eel e newspaper reports that According to Dr Greg gt Accurate Dickinson professor of Rhetoric The 2010 Census published gt Works c1ted 6 indicates that MLAAPA We Covered Sources of support pro and con discussion Source credibility Plagiarism Citing Read ch 6 for more specifics on making your citations purposeful and effective in delivering your message Unit ZBrief overview of Chapter 89 Monday September 9 2012 Agenda Organizational patterns for main points and some tips Connectives Outlining Introductions Conclusions Orqanizational Patterns The systematic organization of ideas into a coherent Whole makes speeches listenable gt Main points are not a random collection of ideas Chronological Pattern Spatial Pattern Causal Pattern causeeffect ProblemSolution Pattern Topical Pattern primacyrecency etc Organizational Patterns Tips Make sure your main Qoints Are distinct ideas Are worded consistenth parallel structure Are balanced in development so as not to cover any one point much more less than another gt gt gt gt Connectives Transitions Indicate you re moving on Restate the idea you are finishing and introduce the next one Internal Previews Details What you are going to discuss next like a thesis in used to talk about subject of a main point Internal Summaries Summarizes a point you ve already discussed and reminds the audience of highlights Signposts Indicates where you are in the speech or highlights a main point Outlining gt Label Title of your speech Specific purpose Thesis statemet I troduction Main body points Conclusion Connectives gt Use subordination to order your ideas in order of importance see book for specifics Introduction Catch attention Reveal topic Estpblish credibility Relate the topic to your audience Preview your speech topics Conclusion Signal that the speech is coming to an end words as well as style tone etc Summarize main points summarize your thesis Creative or full circle last line Refer back to the introduction Give a quotation We Covered Organizational patterns for main points and some tips Connectives Outlining Introductions Conclusions Unit 2 Chapter 1 112 Wednesday September 9 2012 Agenda Activity II Visual Aids Ch 12 A Why Visual Aids B Tips for Using VA s 0 Possible Visual Aids III Delivering Your Speech Ch 11 A Methods of Delivery B Verbal Delivery C Nonverbal Delivery Why Visual Aids Gains maintains audience attention Increases audience information recall Increases credibility Reduce nervousness Helps explain and clarify your information gt Ask yourself What purpose your visual aid serves gt Explain highlight clarify recall connect Tips for Usinq VA s If you can set up the VA beforehand please do Use the VA only while you are discussing it Speak to your audience not the VA Practice with VA s Do not use VA s to impress your audience gt gt gt gt gt gt gt gt gt gt Possible Visual Aids Objects and models Handouts DVDs and Internet Images Power Point Lisfs Charts Graphs bar pie line and picture Photographs Maps Ex Recall After Three Davs gt Without visual aids gt An Audience will recall 10 of the information gt With visual aids gt An audience will recall 65 of the information r t t H x r 37 gull Without VA With VA Agenda Delivering Your Speech Ch 1 l A Methods of Delivery B Verbal Delivery C Nonverbal Delivery II Informative Speeches I Types of informative speeches II Tips for effective informative speeches Methods of Deliverv Extemporaneous gt present carefully prepared and practiced speech from brief notes Impromptu gt present speech you have not planned or pipepared in advance Manuscript gt read to an audience from a written textmust still sound and look extemp Memorize gt Written memorized and delivered word for word Verbal Deliverv Volume Rate Pitch and in ection Pa es Articulation Pronunciation Dialect Nonverbal Deliverv Personal appearance Eye contact Facial expression Po sTure Gestures Proxemics Tvpes of Informative Speeches gt Process Describe how something is done comes to be what it is or how something works gt Events Dtscribe or explain a significant interesting or unusual occurrence gt Places and People gt Describe or explain an aspect of a significant interesting or unusual placeperson Continued Types of Informative Speeches gt Objects gt Describe the components or characteristics of something for understanding of how it works and why it is important gt Concepts About abstractions ideas theories worldviews beliefs To help audience understand your subject its history characteristics and effect on society or individuals Tips for Effective Informative Speeches Engage your audience in a relevant wav gt What do I need to includeleave out so as to not bore or overwhelm them How can I make the information personally relevant toisome aspect of my audience How can I make it clear Be ethical Use inclusive and unbiased language Make sure your information is accurate complete and that you present it in an honest and unbiased way SPCM 200 Public Speaking Final Exam Review Sheet Format The exam will be held on Tuesday December 13 from 620820 pm You MUST take the exam at the scheduled time in the room assigned to your instructor No makeup exams will be given The exam is worth 150 points and will consist of multiple choice short answer and one essay question You will need to purchase a blue book to record all exam answers Question formats are as follows 50 multiple choice questions 100 points Sample The civil exchange of ideas and opinions among communities about topics that affect the public is a public communication b public dialogue c argumentation d civility 7 short answer questions 25 points You choose 5 from a list of 7 questions Sample Your textbook provides a 5step overview of the speaking process List and define each of those five steps Answer Invention choosing your topic and purpose and gathering your materials Arrangement Organizing your ideas Style Considering language and figures of speech Memory Practicing your speech Delivery Giving your speech 1 applicationessay question 25 points Sample List the components of a good introduction then write a sample introduction for an informative speech on dogs Scope The exam is cumulative and covers class discussion coursebook information and textbook reading for the entire semester chapter assignments are listed in your coursebook at the beginning of each unit You should review the following concepts and theories including all the key terms tips and definitions associated with these concepts theories and section headings Ch 1 civility and public dialogue public speaking model Ethical public speaking communication apprehension overcoming nervousness Ch 2 I why we sometimes fail to listen I how to listen carefully critically ethically 3 why we speak publicly brainstorming articulating your purpose stating your thesis 4 llll 9 9 master statuses types of audiences standpointsethnocentrism speaking environment III 9 I evaluatingInternet info I plagiarism Ch 6 I types and tips for using supporting material I patterns of reasoning I reasoning ethically Ch 8 I connectives I the preparation outline I the speaking outline Ch 9 I preparing a compelling introduction Ch 10 I abstract and concrete language I semantic triangle of meaning I imagery I rhythm Ch 11 I Tips for improving your delivery verbal and nonv erbal h 12 I preparing and using visual ai 5 Ch 13 I types and organizational patterns for informative speeches 14 I invitational speaking types and environment I giving effective invitational speec es Ch 15 I types of persuasive speeches Ch 16 I fallacies I evidence credibility emotion and mythos logos ethos pathos mythos Ch 17 I speeches of commemoration Speech Coursebook I policy model need plan practicality possible essay question
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