New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

HCOM 100 Chapter 3

by: Taylor Conley
Taylor Conley
Cal State Fullerton
Human Communication 100
Tiffany Ruggeri

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Human Communication 100
Tiffany Ruggeri
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Human Communication 100

Popular in Linguistics and Speech Pathology

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Conley on Sunday September 14, 2014. The Class Notes belongs to 100 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Tiffany Ruggeri in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see Human Communication 100 in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at California State University - Fullerton.


Reviews for HCOM 100 Chapter 3


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/14/14
Taylor Conley 91014 Chapter 3 lecture notes Chapter 3 I We must understand the power of language the system of symbols we use to think about and communicate experiences and feelings A Language is symbolic Words a type of symbol form the basis of language B Words have multiple meanings A single word can have many meanings either denotative the consistently accepted definition or connotative the emotional or attitudinal response people have to a word C Thought informs language Cognitive language is used to describe people things and situations and is in uenced by thoughts attitudes cocultures and society at large D Language is ruled by grammar which is the system of rules that ensure communication clarity E Language is bound by context Communicating competently involves understanding relational situational and cultural contexts as much at it means understanding grammar 11 Five functional communication competencies explain how language Works for people A We use language to in uence or control ourselves others and the environment B We use language to give and receive information C We use language to express our feelings D We use language to express creativity and to imagine E We use language to manage conversations and relationships including the process of ritualizing leaming the rules for managing conversations and relationships 111 Language unfortunately can cause problems in communication and relationships A Abstraction and meaning Language can be thought of as a ladder with lowerlevel abstractions that are highly specific and higherlevel abstractions that are very vague Highlevel and lowlevel abstractions affect communication 1 Evasion is language that avoids specific details 2 Equivocation uses words that have unclear or misleading definitions 3 Euphemisms replace offensive words with terms that are thought to be less upsetting 4 Slang is language that is informal nonstandard and particular to a group such as an age group or a geographical group 5 Jargon is technical language that is specific to members of a particular hobby profession or interest group B Situation and meaning Language is affected by semantics the relationship among symbols objects people and concepts and the meanings that words have for people and pragmatics the ability to use the symbol systems of a culture appropriately 1 Placing gender ethnic class occupation and role labels on others often ignores individual differences 2 Biased language employs labels infused with subtle meanings that in uence our perceptions about the subject and can create positive or negative images in our mind 3 Politically correct language attempts to replace biased language with more neutral labels though critics argue that it can sometimes compromise clarity C We sometimes confuse facts opinions and inferences resulting in miscommunication 1 Facts are verifiable as true 2 Opinions involve personal evaluation 3 Inferences are deductions or conclusions that we make about the facts we observe IV Language re ects builds on and determines context A We draw from various language possibilities known as speech repertories in order to nd the most effective and appropriate language for a given relationship situation or cultural environment B We use language to create relationships and re ect the context of relationships C Different situations and different comfort levels in situations call for different speech repertories 1 High language is formal polite or mainstream language that is used in more formal settings 2 Low language frequently involves slang or jargon and is used in informal enviromnents D Culture affects words and thoughts and this relationship in uences how directly we are willing to speak 1 The SapirWhorf hypothesis suggests that words in uence thinking a Linguistic determinism is the idea that language in uences how we see the world around us b Linguistic relativity holds that speakers of different languages have different views of the world 2 The existence of high and lowcontext cultures exempli es the impact that culture has on how direct language is a Highcontext cultures rely on contextual cues such as time place relationship and situation both to interpret meaning and to send subtle messages b Lowcontext culture uses very direct language 3 Language usage differences between men and women are often exaggerated although socially determined expectations for masculinity and femininity may be present in conversation style especially when negotiating power a Interruptions are dependent on status and situation although men do tend to interrupt women more often than women interrupt men b Qualifiers hedges and disclaimers sound hesitant and less powerful and are often associated with women s speech c Tag questions are used to elicit agreement and establish a connection thus associating them with femininity d Women s resistance messages may use indirect language which men may misinterpret 4 Speakers of the same language who hail from different geographical areas nd that the culture of their environment affects their language and their understanding of the world 5 We accommodate others by switching our language tonality pitch and rhythm through code switching and style switching 6 Communicating via email Web sites and blogs removes nonverbal cues facial expression tone of voice and so on so the language used must be very clear in order to be effectivees


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.