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Date Created: 09/22/15
FEDERAL MILESTONES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LAND GRANT UNIVERSITY SYSTEM AND THE COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE 1862 Passage of the Federal Morrill Act 7 Created the LandGrant University System placing instruction in agriculture and home economics in American higher education 1887 Passage of the Federal Hatch Act 7 Created state agricultural experiment stations within the land grant institutions to establish a research base for scienti c agriculture 1880 s 7 1914 Landgrand colleges extended offcampus programs to rural areas via agricultural trains farmer clubs farmers institutes homemaker groups and boys and girls clubs 1890 Passage of the Second Morrill Act Established 1890 LandGrant Colleges 1908 Employment of the first county extension agent forming a partnership in funding and programming between state colleges and county organizations 1914 Passage of the Federal Smith Lever Act 7 Created the Cooperative Extension Service as the third part of the LandGrant System including resident instruction Cooperative State Research and Cooperative Extension Service Provided for 10000 per state plus a formula for distributing the reminder of federal funds to the states on the basis of rural population 7 a formula which continued until 1923 The provisions of the Act as amended through Public Law 107293 November 13 2002 can be found at httpwww csrees Ilsda vabout ffices 1e I Jf quot39 39 vpdf 191720 Cooperative Extension appointed emergency food agents and additional staff under the World War I Emergency Food Act thus demonstrating special roles for this agency in times of national and local emergencies and disasters 1928 Passage of the Federal Capper Ketchum Act 7 Provided for expansion of Cooperative Extension with 15 million in additional federal funds Required 13 of the added funds to be matched within states In subsequent years full matching was required but the formula was still based on rural population 1935 Passage of the Federal Bankhead Jones Act 7 Provided for further expansion with 8 million in 1936 and 1 million additional for each of the next four years Formula change 980000 was distributed equally among states the rest for the first time was based on farm population rather than 211 population 194347 Funds were provided to the states for special additional staff for World War II emergency programs 1945 1953 1953 1955 1961 1962 1965 1968 1969 1972 Passage of the Federal Bankhead Flannagan Act 7 Further expansion For the first time a portion 2 of the federal appropriation was for Federal Administration 4 was set aside for the Secretary for special need allocation and the remaining 94 was distributed based on farm population Congress Amended the Smith Lever Act 7 Consolidated nine existing acts Provided that subsequent increases be allocated 4 to special need 48 based on rural population and 48 on farm population and subject to matching by states Section 3d was added to provide appropriations for Federal Extension staff in USDA Smith Lever Amendment 7 Set aside special funds outside the formula for the first time Funds to be used for benefit of disadvantaged farmers and awarded on proposals from states Section 3d was added to appropriations to provide 700000 for resource and community development Other special 3d programs initiated since 1961 include such programs as Farm Safety Urban Gardening Pest Management Pesticide Impact Assessment Energy Demonstration Nonpoint Pollution and Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program EFNEP Smith Lever Amendment 7 Froze distribution of current federal funds to each state Subsequent increases to be 4 to the Federal Service and of the reminder 20 in equal proportions to all states and 40 each according to rural and farm population Formula remains essentially the same today Section 3d was used to provide pesticide chemical programs in Appalachia Congress shifted all 3d special funds back to formula funding except for 16 million in agricultural marketing Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program EFNEP was established under section 3d and was expanded subsequently from 10 million in 1969 to 656 million in 2008 Passage of the Federal Rural Development Act 7 Title V authorized expanded work in rural communities in nonagricultural as well as agricultural fields Funds were distributed 4 for Federal Administration 10 for multistate work 20 equally divided among states and 33 each according to rural and farm population In 1981 these funds were transferred into SmithLever formula appropriations Appropriation Act 1972 7 1890 LandGrant colleges received earmarked funds 1973 1976 1977 1978 1981 1994 1996 1998 2002 The Congress provided earmarked funds for 4H work in urban areas and for 4H rural community development Passage of the Farmer to Consumer Direct Marketing Act 7 Funded special direct marketing proposals from states Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 7 Re ned the Rural Development Title V formula of 1972 to 4 for federal administration 19 for farm research programs and 77 for small farm extension programs Also provided appropriations each fiscal year for the 1890 LandGrant Colleges and Tuskegee Institute an amount not less than 4 of the amount appropriated under the Smith Lever Act Passage of the Renewable Resources Extension Act 7 Authorized funding for extension forestry and other renewable national resources Two million dollars were appropriated in FY 82 for the first time The Food and Agriculture Act of 1981 7 Amended 1977 Farm Bill to increase 1890 college funding to not less than 5 12 of the total SmithLever appropriations in 1982 and to not less than 6 in 1983 through 1985 The Elementa1y and Secondagy Education Reauthorization Act of 1994 7 Confers landgrant status on 29 Native American Colleges located in 12 states The Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 7 Identifies eight general purposes for agricultural research extension and education establishes 30 member advisory board and 15 member Strategic Planning Task Force details technical requirements and provides appropriation authorizations See httpwwwusdagivfarmbill for more information The Agricultural Research Extension and Education Reform Act of 1998 7 See USDA web site for complete act httpwwwnsda onvl70039 39 hthilOS The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 7 Alters the farm payment program and introduces countercyclical farm income support expands conservation land retirement programs and emphasizes onfarm environmental practices relaxes rules to make more borrowers eligible for Federal farm credit assistance restores food stamp eligibility for legal immigrants adds various commodities to those requiring countryoforigin labeling introduces provisions on animal welfare See httpwwwusdagovfarmbill for more information Additional information on this and other Federal legislation related to Extension and LandGrant Universities can be found at httpwwwcsreesusdagovaboutofficeslegislegis statuteshtml STATE LEGISLATION SPECIFIC TO CSU EXTENSION The first county agent law was passed by the Colorado General Assembly on April 13 1913 This was SB No 227 by Senator Reynolds and authorized Boards of County Commissioners to appoint a county agriculturist upon the petition of one hundred taxpayers within the county The Act speci ed the function and duty of the County Agriculturist and included was to cooperate with and act under the general direction of the State Agricultural College of Colorado and the United States Department of Agriculture This law has not been repealed Colorado accepted provisions of the SmithLever Act on April 9 1915 when the state legislature approved SB No 225 by Senator Barela This bill provided for full and complete acceptance to the provisions terms and condition made and prescribed by the Act of Congress and further provided for funds equal to that available to the State of Colorado under said additional appropriations for the purpose of maintenance of cooperative agricultural extension work as provided for in said Act of Congress In other words state funds were appropriated to match federal funds available to Colorado Extension work in Colorado actually began before passage of the Smithlever Act with the creation of the office of State Leader of Farm Management Field Studies and Demonstration for Colorado The office was the result of a memorandum of understanding between the Bureau of Plant Industry and the Colorado Agricultural College now CSU Although the memorandum was not signed until November 1912 it was made effective as of October 1 1912 so that it would conform to the agreements entered into with Logan and El Paso counties for the employment of extension agents Logan County appointed the first Colorado extension agent on October 1 1912 El Paso County followed two weeks later with the appointment of an agent on October 16 1912 Other counties employed agents prior to passage of the SmithLever Act included the San Luis Valley counties as a group December 1 1912 Pueblo County March 18 1913 Mesa County January 1 1914 Boulder County February 6 1914 Morgan County April 20 1914 and Prowers County May 1 1914 Extension work as we know it today was actually organized by a memorandum of understanding between Colorado Agricultural College now CSU and the United States Department of Agriculture The agreement was signed by President Charles A Lory on July 30 1914 and became effective on August 20 of the same year when Secretary of Agriculture DF Houston signed it President Lory served as Acting Extension Director on June 1 1914 to September 1 1915 and again in 1929 from January 15 to July 1 Stated funds were provided by Colorado General Assembly in 1917 for supplemental Extension work and in 1929 it accepted provisions of the CapperKetchum Act passed by Congress a year earlier to furnish additional Extension funds In 1935 the Colorado Legislature accepted provisions of the BankheadJones Act passed by Congress providing the further support of Extension work The General Assembly in 1963 passed legislation authorizing boards of county commissioners to a Enter into cooperative agreements with the Board of Governors of the Colorado State University System for the assistance of the Colorado State University including all of its agencies in the development and nancing of the projects to be included in the operations of the county agricultural research work each year b Enter into cooperative agreements with the commissioners of other counties to economically carry out the purposes of this article The revised statutes of 1963 quote prior legislation which authorizes the boards of county commissioners of the several counties to appropriate from the county general funds such money as may be necessary to pay the obligations for county agricultural extension and research work as may be authorized In 1979 the state legislature approved and the governor signed into law Senate Bill 77 the Colorado Cooperative Extension Service Act This bill provides the basic statutory authority for the Colorado Cooperative Extension Service The Act acknowledges the responsibility of the Colorado State University Cooperative Extension Service informally renamed Colorado State University Extension CSUE to administer and conduct programs of practical informal education on a statewide basis SENATE BILL 77 AN ACT SENATE BILL NO 77 BY SENATORS H Fowler Hatcher Allshouse Bishop McCormick Nobel Soash Stockton and Zakhem also REPRESENTATIVES Youngland Burns Hamlin Hastings Hilsmeier and Showalter CONCERNING THE COLORADO COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE AND PROVIDING FOR ITS PROGRAMS POLICIES AND ADMINSITRATION Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Colorado SECTION 1 Title 23 Colorado Revised Statues 1973 as amended is amended BY THE ADDITION OF A NEW ARTICLE to read ARTICLE 34 Colorado Cooperative Extension Service 2334101 Short title This article shall be known and may be cited as the Colorado Cooperative Extension Service Act 2334102 Ark 39 J of related federal laws 1 Section 2332112 accepting and assenting to the provisions terms and conditions of the act of congress known as the SmithLever Act 38 Stat372 providing for Cooperative Extension programs is acknowledged 2 Subsequent congressional enactments including the National Agricultural Research Extension and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 Title XIV Public Law 95113 September 29 1977 the International Food and Agricultural Development Act of 1975 and the Rural Development Act of 1972 Title V Public Law 92419 October 3 1972 are acknowledged as authorizing supplementing expanding and rede ning the federal role in Cooperative Extension programs including those conducted in cooperation with the Colorado Cooperative Extension Service 3 Nothing in this section shall be construed to oblige the state in any way to institute or maintain with state funds any program in contravention of the laws of Colorado or the interest of the General Assembly in providing for the education needs of the people 2334103 Responsibility and objectives 1 Primary responsibility according to section 2323102 for statewide programs of educational noncredit informal extension conducted through cooperative federal state and county relationships and as more particularly authorized in this article shall continue to lie with the Colorado State University Cooperative Extension Service referred to in this article as the service 2 The objectives of the service s programs shall continue to be the dissemination of information to the people of this state in order to assist them in applying the results of scienti c research and technological developments as well as lessons from practical experience to the solution of individual family and community problems drawing on relevant knowledge from various fields including but not limited to agriculture natural resources home economics nutrition health citizenship and community and economic development 2323104 0 I quot icnnnermive 39 quot 39 39 l The service is an organizational unit of the Colorado State University under the supervision and control of the University s administration and the Board of Governors of the Colorado State University System 2 Programs of the service shall re ect and respond to problems needs and opportunities in the state and its regions as formulated and articulated through the participation and involvement of the people and said programs shall be conducted in accordance with program plans pursuant to agreements with federal and state agencies and with local governments and shall be consistent with authorizations of the Congress the General Assembly and local governments 3 In support of program objectives the service is authorized pursuant to the policies of the university and the service s governing board to enter into contracts and agreements with the United Stated Department of Agriculture other federal departments and agencies state departments agencies and institutions county and other local governments and private organizations and associations to further extension programs and to provide for funding and administration of said programs 4 The service is authorized to establish a state advisory committee to assist in the planning implementation and evaluation of the extension programs statewide is authorized to cooperate with boards of county commissioners in the creation of county or area advisory committees to assist local extension personnel in planning developing implementing and evaluating programs and performance may establish administrative standards operating procedures and methods for utilizing such advisory committees and may make the utilization of said standards operating procedures and methods for utilizing such advisory committees a basis for program cooperation and coordination 2334105 Authoritv to quot 39 purposes of article 1 The service is authorized pursuant to applicable university state and federal policies and procedures to spend appropriated funds to collect and expend reasonable and proper service fees to employ personnel purchase materials and supplies and to take other necessary action to facilitate the accomplishment of the purposes of this article including but not limited to the following a Training of group leaders and directing of group educational activities b Conduct of workshops institutes conferences and noncredit short courses at Colorado State University or at convenient locations in the state c Use of demonstrations and other appropriate educational methods and dissemination of information by appropriate means including press radio television and other forms of communication d Cooperation with federal state and local agencies other universities and colleges private organizations and institutions to further program objectives and e Development of interstate and multicounty administrative or program arrangements memoranda of understanding and agreements to achieve state extension objectives 2323106 Reporting and accountability 1 In addition to such reports as may be required under federal laws and agreements the service shall a Provide annual reports to the Governor reviewing activities and goal accomplishments assessing the value and significance of extension program activities and indicating problems needs and opportunities especially such as might require the attention of the General Assembly and the Governor Six copies of each report shall be filed with the Legislative Council b Prepare such other information as may be requested by the General Assembly on the Governor in areas of the service s concern and responsibility SECTION 2 Safety clause The General Assembly hereby finds determines and declares that this act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace health and safety s Fred E Anderson s Robert F Burford Fred E Anderson Robert F Burford PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES s Marjorie L Rutenbeck s Lorraine F Lombardi Marjorie L Rutenbeck Lorraine F Lombardi SECRETARY OF THE SENATE CHIEF CLERK OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES APPROVED May 25 1979 1209 pm s Richard D Lamm Richard D Lamm GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF COLORADO