Life of Lycurgus
Life of Lycurgus POSC 1030
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Quinn Riley on Tuesday September 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POSC 1030 at Clemson University taught by Dr. Brandon Turner in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 98 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Political Theory in Political Science at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 09/22/15
Life of Lycurgus Pluta rch Sparta some context Historical sources Herodotus 48425 rst historian Location Laconia laconic to the point and pithy Time period Origins 1000 BCE Lycurgus 700630 BCE kingspiritual guru an institution any sort of rules nor norms that changes behavior stemming from the Oracle at Delphi Lycurgus instilled these upon Sparta Unwritten so as to live on the hearts of Spartan citizens nitiay Spartan life centered around the private sphere Lycurgus sserted that a dedication to ones private interests can overwhelm the public mission The private sector ones own economic interests then begins to contribute to the public sphere Government Lycrugus and the institution of a senate or Council of Elders quotFeverishquot government of the kings and by having an equal vote with them in matters of the highest importance Brought safety and due moderation into counsels of state Before this the civil polity was veering and unsteady inclining at one time to favor the kings towards tyranny and at another to follow the multitude the people towards democracy Power of the senate was the highest ruling power of the state It achieved the safest and the most orderly arrangement The twentyeight senators always took the side of the kings when it was a question of curbing democracy and on the other hand always strengthened the people to withstand the encroachments of tyranny Family Chidren boys un t for excellence were discarded at the foot of a mountain Children belonged not only to parents Learned strength endurance speech good poetry with minimal words Learned music their very songs had a stimulus that roused the spirit and awoke enthusiastic and effectual effort Abode city based military training for young children Laconic rhetoric was pithy precise and minimal At 15 or 16 if the child displayed excellence they joined the kryptra Women Given the same education as men Community shares the obligation to train children One must show an active interest in the childrenthe community Older men were often required to take younger men as lovers so as to apprentice them The incentive to participate for younger and older men was the aspect of networking that grew out of the apprenticeship Lycurgus sought to recon gure the family unit Economics Redistribution of the land nitialy there was a dreadful inequality in this regard The city was heavily burdened with indigent and helpless people and wealth was wholly concentrated in the hands of a few THEN determined to banish insolence and envy and crime and luxury and even worse to banish the diseases of the state of poverty and wealth he persuaded his fellowcitizens to make one parcel of all their territory and divide it up They were to live with one another on a basis of entire uniformity and equality in the means of subsistence makehave only what one needs Private sphere Economics oikianomoi management of the house rules of the house Lycurgus minimized trade by introducing iron that had to be carried in vast quantities for trade heavy burdensome inconvenience Somewhat xenophobic afraid of foreigners Minimized work by banning professions arts were eliminated Heots were slaves essentially everyone that wasn t a warrior System of common messes in which everyone ate together so as to limit the prominence of wealth luxury same food same place same feast same furniture etc The only luxury goods that were permitted were furniture and foodsspices all concealed within ones own home Emphasis once again on the public mission
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