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How Do We Study Culture

by: Hannah Danho

How Do We Study Culture 101.0

Hannah Danho
GPA 3.1
Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Lauren Downs (P)

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About this Document

Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Lauren Downs (P)
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Intro to Cultural Anthropology

Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Danho on Tuesday September 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 101.0 at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Lauren Downs (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Alabama at Birmingham.


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Date Created: 09/22/15
How Do We Study Culture Research Terminology Hypothesis A tentative explanation of the relation between certain phenomena 0 Theory An explanation of natural phenomena supported by a reliable body of data IT IS AN EXPLANATION SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE Ethnographic Fieldwork Extended onlocation research to gather detailed and in depth information on a society Shared ideas values and practices through participation in its collective social life Basic Flowchart in Studying Culture Research Questiongt Site SelectiongtHypothesisgtBackground ResearchgtData CollectionEthnographic FieldworkgtData AnalysisTest HypothesisgtReport ResultsgtDevelop TheoryEthnology Research QuestionSite Selection Step 1 Ethnographic eldwork must start by devising a research question and a research site Determine a Research Question Personal interest past experience nding a worthy and unaddressed probem funding funding securing research permission etc Site Selection 73picaly anthropologists select eld sites outside of their own cultureoften in a foreign country HypothesisBackground Research Step 2 The second step in ethnographic eldwork is the development of a hypothesis Background Research 1 Existing written and visual information 2 Learning a new language How Do We Study Culture 3 Study relevant theoretical historical ethnographic and other literatures 4 Live among that culture for a period of time having all equipment to do research prep work materials Create a research speci c testable h ypothesis Runs concurrenty not really the last step 0 Data CollectionEthnographic Fieldwork Step 3 After a hypothesis is developed all background research conducted and all eld preparations made data collection at the eld site can begin Data Collection 7ypes of Data 1 Quantitative Statistical or measurable information ex Demography or the types or quantities of crops in a certain area 2 Qualitative Nonstatistical information ex Personal life stories and customary beliefs and practices Participant Observation A research method in Which one learns about a group s beliefs and behaviors through direct social participation and personal observation Within the community over an extended period Key Consultants A member of the society being studied Who provides information that helps researchers understand the meaning of that they observe 1 Informal lnterview An unstructured openended conversation in everyday life 2 Formal lnterview A structured question answer session carefully notates as it occurs and based on prepared questions Additional Data Collection Secondary Forms 1 Surveys 2 Mapping 3 Photography Film How Do We Study Culture 0 Data AnalysisTest HypothesisReport Results Step 4 After all data are collected they must be analyzed and results reported 0 Develop TheoryEthnography Step 5 Only after completion of an ethnography may crosscultural comparisons and theories of culture ethnology be developed Challenges of Ethnographic Fieldwork 1 Mental Challenges 2 SocialPolitical Challenges 3Phy calChaHenges Culture Shock Disorientation anxiety and depression resulting from eldwork Ethical Responsibilities in Ethnographic Research Step 1 Communicate in advance the nature purpose and potential impact of the planned study to research participants Step 2 Receive informed consent from participants Step 3 Protect the identities of the individuals if requested or needed


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