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Human Origins And Diversity: cont’d...

by: Hannah Danho

Human Origins And Diversity: cont’d... Anth 101

Hannah Danho
GPA 3.1
Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Lauren Downs (P)

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About this Document

Intro to Cultural Anthropology
Lauren Downs (P)
Class Notes
25 ?




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Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Danho on Tuesday September 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Anth 101 at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Lauren Downs (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Alabama at Birmingham.


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Date Created: 09/22/15
Human Origins And Diversity cont d Early Homo Date 25 may to 200000 Location Africa then Eurasia Major Trends in Hominin Evolution Full time bipedalism Increased brain size Flatter face and smaller teeth Increasing reliance on tools production of tools Homo habilis Date 25 to 15 mya Location Africa Fossil Evidence Permanent bipedalism Increased brain size Smaller face Tool production Oldowan O Oldowan Tool I Date Lower PaIeoIithic 25 18 mya I Earliest stone tools I Used for cutting scraping and chopping Homo erectus Movement out of Africa Date 2 mya to 200000 yrs Location Africa and Eurasia Climate Pleistocene Fossile Evidence Body size similar to modern humans Increased brain size Decreased sexual dimorphism FuIIy human dentition Advanced stone tool technology 0 Earliest Use of Fire I Date 10 mya I Location Africa Eurasia I Why is it important 1 Provide heat in a new cold climate 2 Allow for cooked foods and a wider diet 3 Allowed for activity in the dark Human Origins And Diversity cont d 4 Discourage predators Homo neandertalensis Date 200000 to 30000 yrs Location Europe and SW Asia Fossil Evidence Robust bodies and faces 0 Adapted to avery cold climate Modern brain size Advanced too use Culture gt Burial of their dead and care of the ill Debate Did Homo neandertalensis contribute to our human ancestry We really do not know all that much Some say yes and some say no Upper Paleolithic Date 40000 to 10000 yrs Location Global Evidence Body and brain identical to modern humans Widespread complex too industries and cultural expressions 0 Smaller more effective tools 0 Art carving and personal ornaments Homo naledi Skull Hands Longlegs Feet Primitive Shoulders Pelvis Curved Fingers Human Diversity Biological Variation and Race Human Origins And Diversity cont d Race In biology a subgroup or subspecies within a species that is genetically different from other populations within the species 0 Do subspecies exist among currently surviving Homo sapiens I amp and because of this race is not a BIOLOGICALLY How Do Cultural Anthropologist Understand Human Variation The concept of Ethnic Groups People who collectively and publicly identify themselves as a distinct group based on a variety of cultural features including shared ancestry and common origin language customs and traditional beliefs SelfIdenti cation And Ethnographic Research


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