Popular in Social Problems (GT-SS3)
Popular in Sociology
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anna Lueth on Tuesday September 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 105 at Colorado State University taught by Joshua Adam Sbicca in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Social Problems (GT-SS3) in Sociology at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 09/22/15
92215 Deviance Crime and the Prison Industrial Complex A Social Norms 1 Behavioral expectations and cues within a society or group 2 Principles of rules people are expected to observe dos and don ts of society 3 Rules may be explicit or implicit a Failure to follow the rules can result in severe punishments including exclusion from the group B Deviance 1 Deviance is a social construction 2 Behavior that does not conform to social expectations it is socially created 3 Societies define norms and failure to follow norms constitutes deviance 4 Not inherent in particular kinds of behavior 5 It s relative not absolute What is Crime 1 No universally accepted definition 2 However most common is breaking the law 3 A violation of law crime is ultimately an expression of group conflict and interest a Categories of Crimes 4 Traditional Street Crime a Robbery rape murder etc 5 Crimes against the moral order a Victimless crimes gambling drug use sodomy 6 Organized Crime a Supplying illegal goods and services in high demand 7 White collar crime a Economic crimes committed by middle to upper class 8 Corporate crime a Unfair labor practices pricefixing safety oversights 9 Political Crime a Illegal act intended to influence political system B Crime Statistics 1 Official crime rates emphasize certain types of crime and minimize others 2 Basic source of crime statistics is the Uniform Crime Reports published yearly by the FBI 92215 C Problems With Official Crime Stats 1 Focus on traditional crimes a Almost exclusively on violent and property crimes 2 Often omit whitecollar corporate organized and political crime 3 Underreport extent of crime because they only list known crime hate crimes 4 Victimization surveys reveal that about 7 in 10 crimes go unreported to police D Who Gets Arrested 1 Age a Young people commit most street crimes b Peak arrest age for violent crime is 1619 years old 2 Sex a More men arrested and imprisoned than women 1 Women more likely to commit property crimes 2 Men commit more violent crimes 3 Women less than 7 of prison population 3 Social Class a Most street crime arrests happen to poor undereducated unemployed and lowlevel workers b officials in criminal justice system assume that lower class people are more likely criminals 4 Race E The New Jim Crow 1 The 13th Amendment Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction F The Prison Industrial Complex 92215 Tll39IIE P liSDlNl IMIDUSTHIHL COMFLESI Ii Eitlmi nl rmpulltim 1 39 m llmw Disen mhissment flouslrig E rlsis limil d t s tE x 39 quotgtH malsmssl Hesourt es lilHFLLiEHEE H 1 773 mason F llwmmd I IDLILEBI39IJEQIIW thwartgm I llmmzlvs I i ickeneeluns n 39 few leirrmaianSng quotu rl l met Malnutrition r 3 Fear Md Hatred of hmmigim39uts I Siam obi2 lgmr mmimr i r FEE quot s E llstmtentmd r r a quot 39 Resistance Unempl umant 39 A Explailtatlm i quot quotIquot quot 39 39 39 39 v I Il l g n 3 n 3 i 51 Debt Debt Ez 39 Piafcm Elem 1 quot 397 E Mll illioutel ml w H illsquot 7 quot39 quot ImMLid39i ln Bmrntu 39 7 gt 39 39 39 N ME t l J g39f mmquot PM tlte hfrieam People Emilia v Human El Pth WHAT IS 39lll ll llE GENT FER TEDEN39S FRISJEEH INDUSTRIAL EDHF LEI l The Prison Industrial Complex A 71 million people in 2010 incarcerated probation or on parole 1 in 33 adults B Prison boom started in 1980s when President Reagan signed bill creating mandatory minimum sentences for drug offenses 1 Resulted in 1200 o increase in the number of people jailed for drug violations C Incarceration is expensive 1 Vera institute of Justice2012 study found the aggregate cost of prisons in 2010 in the 40 states that participated was 39 billion 2 Annual average cost was 31286 per inmate D 5060 of inmates previously been to prison E Return to crimerecidivism proves prison system has problems especially for poor Latinos and blacks F Return to crimerecidivism proves prison system has problems especially for poor Latinos and blacks ll War on Drugs A A war with no rules no boundaries no end has been waged for 40 years 92215 B Since 1980s aggressive law enforcement strategies and criminal justice policies 1 Federal offenders must serve at least 87 of sentence 2 Mandatory minimums based on type and quantity of drug C Tougher sentencing has failed to decrease availability of drugs or drug use War on Drugs Racial Disparity A Blacks constituted 535 of all persons who entered prison because of a drug conviction B Blacks were 101 times for more likely than whites to enter prison for drug offenses
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