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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Toni Ritchie on Tuesday September 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ART 216 at Illinois State University taught by Archana Shekara in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Graphic Design History in Art at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 09/22/15
Thursday September 3 2015 Graphic Design and the Industrial Revolution Graphic Design History Design changed because people changed Prior no labor division England produces quality textiles steam engine invented by James Watt could have factors anywhere not just by rivers employed women and children for cheaper pay division of labor is created causing a middle class to be added Mass Production low quality recession mom and pop shops untrained designers created their own type and posters making low quality designs broad sheet printing posters fatface readable from a distance skinny with thick contrast invented by Robert Thorne British called it Egyptian Antique chunky font with 90 degree angle slabs William Thorowgood modified Egyptian into Clarendon adopted for wanted posters Early San Serifs Thursday September 3 2015 William Caslon IV 1816 took off slabs created the first san serifs used for headlines only Darius Wells 1800 1875 1827 carved letters out of wood router produced economically very cheap and light weight Friedrich Koening 1774 1833 German inventor 1810 invented the cylinder press before 300 sheets per hour after 1100 sheets per hour Linotype Machine 1886 evolved from the typewriter invented by Ottmar Mergenthaler 1854 1899 linebyline instead of letterbyletter John Tenniel drew Alice in Wonderland Henry Matthew and Mark Lennon July 17 1842 British magazine employed cartoonist illustrator Frederick lves 1856 1937 1881 halftones used small dots in grayscale Aloys Senefelder 1771 1834 1876 Lithography changed printing Thursday September 3 2015 draw on limestone using an oil base add water than acid stone gets etched wipe clean add ink and paper then press together Robert Hoe 1784 1833 image and type work together used moveable type cylinder lithography curved corners and type Chromolithography lithography with color Godefroy Englemann layerbylayer first to use color John Buford and sons illustrations used realistic images Louis Prang and Co late 1800 s German in United States of America father of greeting cards forty different colors per card each color was placed on a separate stone Trade cards inserted into packages similar to adds John 0 Brian Show 1866 broad title sheet Emily Levy Thursday September 3 2015 combined chromolithography and letter press Joseph Morse broad sheet posters multi panel used to keep up with the new typography wood cutting with flat colors