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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alejandra Jaramillo on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY101 at University at Buffalo taught by Quinton, W J in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
090215 CHAPTER 1 1 What is Psychology Psyche mind or soul Logos knowledge or study The scienti c study of thoughts feelings and behavior and the relationship between them Directly observable Most of them Thoughts and feelings mental processes not observable Ex Kissing someone 2 Major research areas in contemporary psychology Physiological psychology Experimental psychology motivation emotion perception Cognitive psychology memory reasoning language and information processing Developmental psychology study the human organism throughout the life span not just children Personality Psychology individual personality characteristics Social Psychology study of everyday life how social situations affect people Psychometrics people that de ne measures such as like the IQ test Clinical Psychology Counseling Psychology adjustment to everyday life problems marriage counseling etc Educational and School Psychology education is to help people learn better and school is on problems that kids go through school such as ADH problems at home Industrial and Organizational Psychology make most money how do they increase worker satisfaction EXAMPLES Why can t I recall information that I m sure I know Cognitive Psychologists How do stimulant drugs like cocaine affect the brain and behavior biological and psych pharmaceutical What makes some kids shy and others sociable Developmental and personality psychologist Why do people do the quotwavequot in games Social psychologist How does work stress affect marital satisfaction IndustrialOrgan and Counseling psychologists How can you teach a dog to follow commands Experimental psychologist Why do get sick before every exam Health psychologist Why do people was their hands clinical psychologist What psychology can and can t do for you CAN satisfy curiosity about human nature Help you increase your control over your life Give you insights into political and social issues Better critical thinker CAN39T tell you meaning of life Solve all your problems Provide you with simple answers to complex questions 090415 chapter 1 Psychology s Roots Philosophy nature of thought learning focused on rationality Physiology ways to quantify to measure These two led to psychology The in uence of philosophy Philosophical Issue Psychological Question Free Will vs determinism what causes patients with antisocial personality disorder to commit criminal behavior Ex Ted Kaczynski the Unabomber He is diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia He always saw threats coming at him every time So Was he responsible Is he more responsible than person who has a heart attack while driving and kills a pedestrian Nature vs nurture To what extent is intelligence inherited Reason vs emotion Should people choose mates based on a costbene t or quotgutquot feelings Individualism vs reationaity Do people ever really help others without any bene t to themselves Conscious vs unconscious Do people truly know what motivates their actions The in uence of Physiology Physicians physiologists did rst research on 0 Brain function Nervous system 0 Vision Audition Touch First psychology Lab All started by Wilhelm Wundt Born in Leipzig Germany Focuses on consciousness Historical Schools of Thought Wundtian Psy amp Structuralism18751920 5 Minds elements and structure Method introspection Other player Titchener Functionalism 19001950 What function does the mind serve Method anything that informs Key player James Psychoanalysis 1899stilltoday unconscious motivation con ict Method Therapeutic technique process Key player Freud Behaviorism 1910still today Stimulusresponse Method Manipulate variable observe behavior Key players Watson and Skinner Humanistic Psy 1960 s still today Human uniqueness personal growth Method Therapeutic process measurement Key Players Rogers Magow Contemporary Trends Focus on cognition culture evolution Physiology neuro science positive aspects of human nature
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