Week One Note Bundle
Week One Note Bundle CLAS 1010
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Willa Sharpe on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 1010 at Tulane University taught by Chrisopther Caterine in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 68 views. For similar materials see Rise of Rome in Classical Studies at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
Week 1 Notes Rise of Rome August 26 2015 Italy and the Mediterranean Preliminaries Dealing with 3300 BCE 600 BCE Area stretches from India to Ireland and UK All power and prestige centered near Mesopotamia and Egypt at the beginning of Romans Reason 0 Access to silk road Spice trade become important as hell Italy in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea 0 Cuts Mediterranean Sea in half 0 Any government that controls Italy and Sicily are TOP GUN Geology of Italy 0 Various tectonic plates I Steep mountains from sea Little at land I Mountains made of stuff 0 Tufa Fireproof in Italy 0 Marble in Greece 0 Granite in Egypt Land doesn t connect people it actually diVides them I Sea connects people I Mountains do not allow easy passage 0 Alps are a major diViding feature that cuts Italy off from the rest of Europe 0 Apennines run north to south on the Italian Peninsula curve from the west coast to the east coast then back to the west coast cities on west coast I Sicily is a continuation of the Apennines O Rivers I Po River within the valley between the Alps and the Apennines 0 Airable land good for farming 0 Northern section of Italy in the Po Valley are generally richer and more economic than the Rome area I Tiber River 0 Middle of Apennines to West coast 0 Rome founded on a bend in this river 0 Easiest way to find the mouth is to look for the three lakes in the Apennines 0 River diVides Western coast into two sections the north being Etruria and the South being Latium I Campania the country place is good for growing and is located towards the Naples Bay 0 Climate I 3 distinct seasons 0 Hot dry summers I Cool wet winters 0 Cool rains from September to February PreHistory Week 1 Notes Rise of Rome 0 Rome occasionally gets snow area to the north of Rome gets snow the area south does not 0 Mild Springs 0 Season when crops grow 0 Plant at the end of the summer let the crops get drenched during the winter the crops grow during spring 0 Evidence for transalpine movement Otzi the Iceman c3300 BCE 0 Found by hikers 0 People were moving 0 Life is O Wore animal skins 0 Has stone tools and copper ax most valuable item 0 Tattoos I Help with arthritis 0 Long bow yew and arrows 2nd most valuable item 0 At unleavened bread and meat 0 Italian Food and agriculture NO SUGAR used honey to sweeten things kept bees No tomatoes peanuts pecans corn cocoa or tobacco Limited Grains 0 Grown in Po Valley Campania 0 Plain or Contantia Sicily Fishing and Livestock 0 Chicken later 0 Pork mostly 0 Cows used for plowing fields Small Livestock mountains 0 Sheep and goats O Goats don t fall and die eat ANYTHING I Apennines Small vegetable gardens 0 Persists per family Hunting foraging 0 Poor people usually 0 Early period Grapes and Olives 0 Important in 900 BCE and on Gradual Advancements 0 Early and Middle Bronze Age 1800 1300 BCE Specialists in this area traveled to make items sell them and then leave Limited people Few wealthy 0 Would die and be buried with their wealth O 1300 900 BCE Dark Ages not much information Week 1 Notes Rise of Rome 0 Iron Age 900 725 BCE I Places starting to look like city 0 About 100 people in a city Villanovan Culture 0 Etruria and Campania 0 Similar pottery and housing I Latial Latin Culture in the center c 1000 BCE I Smaller scale 0 Area around Rome less organized and worse off I Social distinction in burial 0 Men buried with weapon I See trade between Greeks and Phoenicians on coast c 1000 BCE 0 Phoenicians Jews and Arabs O Carthage I Greeks 775 BCE 0 Send colonies O S Italy Sicily Marseille France I Romans and Italians not leaving People coming to trade with them 0 Importing Amber from Germany by sea pottery military intelligence writing 0 Lots of Greek and Athenian Pottery I Buried with pottery O Greeks used Phoenician alphabet I Greeks added vowels O Learned military warfare I Formations 0 Exporting raw materials metal wine olives salt 0 Rich in metal ores 0 Wine lasts longer than grapes but you still get the calories 0 Salt is important to preserving food also important to the start of Rome I Southern mouth of Tiber have salt deposits salt can be harvested I Po Valley needs salt 0 Orientalizing 725 580 BCE I Proto cities 0 Distinct social order religion and customs 0 Elites 0 Individuals who are leaders and live nicer O Jockeying for position 0 Community Identity 0 Monumental architecture I 1St with houses 2rld with temples 0 Archaic 580 480 BCE I Warfare Week 1 Notes Rise of Rome 0 More organized formations O Picked up from the Greeks O Burial signifying soldiers O Standardization of weapons I More power and property 0 Elites advertise their social success 0 Wealth distributed more evenly I Defensive walls 0 Indication of thieves I Writing increase and increase of crops used as cash crops such as olives and grapes The Tiber Latium and Rome 0 Rome founded at bend in Tiber river where it was easy to cross I This area was also a key point in the salt road 0 Safe from coastal raids because of the distance up the Tiber river I Still navigable I Similar to the position of Athens 0 Alban Mount I Important site for Latins O Tiber Island I Middle of the Tiber river which divides the current essential for easy crossing O 7 hills of Rome I Surround a central swamp I Will become the forum 0 Campus Martius I In bend in river meeting place for battle I Not developed until late 0 Earliest finds on Palatine Hill I Other hills later 0 Swamp was first for burial I Drained in the 7th or 6th century BCE I Becomes a common meeting place after draining I Becomings of Rome 0 Forum Bonium I Place of trade I Temple of Hercules August 28 2015 Romans and the Latins Etruscans 0 Highly in uential on the Italians Greeks very settled in S Italy and Sicily Very few Romans Week 1 Notes Rise of Rome From beginning Romans are on Latin side Ostia 0 City at the mouth of the Tiber River to the Mediterranean Sea 0 Romans control What unites the Latins O Latins emerged from latial culture 0 Regional affinity 0 Common language Latin Other communities had other dialects of Latin but everyone was generally understood 0 Religion IndoEuropean family Stye God controlled thunder and lightning Zeus Thor Jupiter Roman Shared Cult sites Latiar Alban Mount 0 Leaders of the Latin community offered sacrifice to the Stye God Jupiter once a year Temple of Dianna at Orisha 0 Place of challenging the previous head priest O Dianna is the goddess of the hunt 13 Monumental alters at somewhere sacrifices happen here 0 Latin League Unofficial confederacy that share a defensive line Latin states that band together to fight non Latin states Temporary Think Greeks and Persians 0 Legal Privileges Latin Rights All freemen entitiled to Not only in birth state but in all states Conubium 0 Right to contract a legal marriage I Child s rights are respected by both states of both spouses 0 Dual citizenship Commercium 0 Contract recognized in other cities 0 Offending party can be tried in other states 0 All communities in Latium 0 Applies to property as well as ownership Ius Magrandi 0 You can change citizenship within other states 0 Highly unusual 0 Social Structure Familia household Week 1 Notes Rise of Rome 0 All people free and enslaved belonging to the family 0 Basis of society I Groups of people with similar lineage I Gens follows male lineage 0 Kinda like your cousins family 0 Digression of Roman Names I 2 or 3 names I Nomen follows gens gentile name lineage name last name I Prenomen first name usually abbreviated Check Slide for 1st names I Cognomen extra name allows you to differ between cousins 0 Happens later in life generally a nickname I Can be more than one depending on the importance of you family members I Females 0 Given female version of nomen and then were numbered based on the amount of daughters 0 More important father equals more important name Family Structure 0 Pater familias I Oldest freeman father of the household 0 He has Patria Potestas I Absolute paternal power I Responsible for everyone and everything in the household I If he doesn t recognize a child as his own then that child is left to die I Sons only gain power when their father dies I Power holds until death I Can kill anyone at will 0 Rarer used 0 Uxor mulier wife I You can only have one wife I Their job is to make babies I Very important in the household I You want your wife to be virginal when you marry her I Oversee household I Makes wool I Makes sure everyone is clothed O Filius filii sons I Cannot own property as long as his father is alive I Peculium 0 An allowance given by a son s father that allows him financial freedom 0 Money still actually belongs to the father I Cannot marry without approval from father I Started a house hold in the late 20s to early 30s 0 Filia Filiae Daughters 0000 Week 1 Notes Rise of Rome Arranged marriages can legally say no but wouldn t Early teens if elite then early at the first signs of puberty Either stays under her father so she can divorce or can enter the patria potesta of husband Very few made it to adulthood with their father still alive High Infant mortality rate If you made it past five you were probably going to live a long happy life Servus slaves Captured in battle sold into slavery indebted into slavery a foundling illegitimate child or child of a slave Debt slavery abolished early on Legal property of pater familias No legal ancestors If freed you took on owners name pr N n slave name Can have peculium Can buy own freedom Any child born after a slave is freed has full roman rights as a citizen NOT RACIAL Different from American Slaves If freed slaves become clientes O Clientes client Roman house Poor seeks aid of rich or in uential person All slaves become clientes of their former owners patronus Provide military and political support for money or food 0 Buy a vote or provide a lawyer Patronage cornerstone of social life 0 Domus building free family and slaves property all or a combination of 0 Physical design Atrium center of the building not private public or semi public doors or house were usually open war spoils on outside new owner kept these spoils 0 Meeting place for clientes to ask patron what to do 0 Held imagines masks of past fathers made of wax to tell stories Out front shops run by clientes Elite Competition 0 One social ideal to maximize in uence 000000 No need to love thy neighbor Competition is king Not individuals but families mob mentality Dignitas kinda like a point system social standing as generally perceived Auctoritas personal ability to sway others Competition would occur at all levels Retinues of clientes and slaves House structures and decoration Use of cognomia Week 1 Notes Rise of Rome
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