Week 2 Notes
Week 2 Notes CLAS 1010
Popular in Rise of Rome
Popular in Classical Studies
This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Willa Sharpe on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 1010 at Tulane University taught by Chrisopther Caterine in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Rise of Rome in Classical Studies at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
Notes Week 2 Rise of Rome August 31 2015 Early Rome through Roman Eyes Sources from the ground 0 Stuff dug up I reliable because unmediated I difficult to interpret and date I decoration may have been because they liked it or it had religious in uence or it was a family seal 0 Archeology I Graves 0 Beliefs 0 Paintings may have been afterlife family s thoughts what painter could do I Monumental buildings 0 Important to community leaders I What about the nonelite O Smaller finds O Coins pottery earrings 0 Flying penis I Religious significance aka bullshit and they don t know I Inscriptions I Grouped with archeology 0 Literary sources 0 Social relics I Linguistic fossils 0 EX Briefcase may be called that because it started out with lawyers bringing important briefs but is now a more general term 0 Sources of this in latin 0 Aka king of sacrifice I Cultural fossils 0 Traditional fossils I Literature itself 0 Livy s 0 Written histories I Not always fact 0 Just had to be plausiable Livy 59 BCE AD 17 0 Ab Urbe Condita in 142 books I Took most of his life I We have 110 2145 I Earliest extensive history of the regal period 0 Pros of Livy s writings Notes Week 2 Rise of Rome I He was socially conservative traditionalist view of society showed us how elite members thought of their forefathers I How Romans saw themselves I Reports upon myth I Sometimes get his opinion I Rarely sites sources I Writing and imaginativerhetorical history I His goal is moral instruction 0 May simplify things and do not pay as much attention to things that do not support his theory For the writing figure out good evidence list more than a paper 0 Livy can only be as good as his sources I Earlier histories 0 None before 200 BCE Family records I Biased and made to make family look good exaggerated 0 History gets white washed Official documents 0 Religious or senate documents 0 Rarer consults I Inscriptions I Who held what offices when 0 Livy doesn t do this Oral history 0 Ever play telephone 0 Everyone knows it but it may not necessarily be true Outline of Livy O Aeneas I Trojan prince who escapes Trojan war and wanders to Italy and merges with the latins 0 Established lavinium l3 monumental alters I Site is interesting because it is built on a cult sire 0 Lavinium Aeneas ancestor of the Roman people I Son founds escannes found Abolonge on the Alban Mount 0 Romulus first king of Rome I Son of Rhea Sylvia and God of war Mars I Important because he founds Rome with his twin Remus I They go to the hills to look for a sign from the Gods in the form of birds 0 Augurium this tradition 0 Extremely important 0 Watch birds I Romulus kills Remus and establishes Rome I Established a core institution Notes Week 2 Rise of Rome 0 Senate council of Elder 0 Asylum place of refuge 0 Anyone can claim citizenship I Great Military leader I Makes sense because God of war was his dad I After death deemed a God and called Quinnus I Probably didn t exist 0 Numa Pompilius second king I Came after an interregnum or a time between kings I Not a Roman but a Sabine I Religious Leader 0 Established the Lunar calendar 0 Established a priesthood I Supposedly married a nymph 0 Spring named Egeria 0 Maybe he just liked to chill at this spring 0 Tullus Hostilius and Ancus Marcius Numa I Grandsons of the first two kings I Virtual Doublets of them I Made up details I Names may be real September 2 2015 Rome and the Etruscans Etruscans have very fertile land Known comes from tombs because no literature References to them from other authors Family burials Began with tumulus little hill Later chamber tombs Men and women were buried together 0 May indicate that women have a more important role 0 Lots of elaborate graves and grave goods I Pottery greek 0 Especially red and black I Jewelry and weapons I Why buried with this Language and cultures 0 Language unrelated to their neighbors I Language is a mystery I Perhaps from the near east 0 Strong military culture I Supported by walls and burial with weapon I Also supported by Greek Histories Religion O O Polytheistic Notes Week 2 Rise of Rome Emphasis on discerning divine will Tages and Vagoia I God s spoke to them directly Revealed religion I God tells someone to spread the message Integrated IndoEuropean Goes I Assimilated deities to those of others Hera Zeus Social life 0 Defining attributes I Family life I Art Prominence of women 0 Sometimes women buried with weapons Social life 0 Women could attend parties and hangout with men as equals When find men buried they aren t only identified by father and grandfather but also mother Spent lots of money on their tombs I PARTIES Light skin in paintings are women Music and lots of it Etruscans at Rome according to Livy O Lucumo L Tarquinius Priscus I Father from Corinth I Wants to succeed but can t in Rome because he has no rights I Moved to Rome from Tarquinii I Befriends Ancus Marcuis then became king I 1St to canvas for election and gets Ancus Marcius kids out of the way I Public works Circus Maximus O Chariot racing most popular sport of the time 0 By palatine hill Drains the swamp and develops forum into a public space Increases size of the military Plans defensive wall Capitaline hill temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus O Servius Tullius I First to seize power no interregnum I Not the one who killed Lucumo I Strong military leader Extends the pomerium sacred line of the city 0 Important to power I Builds the servian wall Encloses all seven hills Notes Week 2 Rise of Rome 0 Makes Rome a city I Building program 0 Temple of Dianna on the Aventine Hill Open to all Latins I Social and military reform 0 Census division of citizens into classes based on wealth 0 Century military and voting unit I The census and centuriate system 0 Citizens organize according to wealth 0 Military purpose 0 O The wealthier you were the better arms you had Wealthiest citizens at the front line 0 Voting procedure 0 O O Richest to poorest All votes within a century require a simple majority 183 Result military and political decision is controlled by the wealth 0 The Centuriate System 0 O O O O Equites knights I 18 Centuries compromised of the wealthiest First Class I 80 Centuries All wealth 100000 a Second I 20 c 75000 a Third I 20 c 50000 a Fourth I 20 c 25000 a Fifth I 30 c 11000 a Proletani I 1 c No wealth Qualification 0 L Tarquinius Superbus I Takes kingship by force I Competent General I Extensive Public works I Cloaca Maximus 0 system of forum 0 Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus I Acts like a tyrant 0 Eventually deposed but not replaces as king END OF KINGSHIP Reading thru Livy O Etruscan in uence was real I Divination 0 Au gurium Notes Week 2 Rise of Rome 0 Bird watching I Haruspicy 0 Looking at the entails of animals 0 Brontology 0 Study of lightning bolts I Marks of social rank 0 Toga mark of citizenship I Fasces and Lictor I Fasces are sticks surrounding an ax 0 Lictors carry fasces I Pronomia I Technology I Cloaca Maxima I Civil concepts 0 Imperium describes power I Pomerium 0 Separate war zone from civil life I Sanding armies cannot enter 0 NO WEAPONS I Monuments and architecture 0 Clear front I 3 rooms I Limits of Etruscan In uences 0 Latin was never something 0 Rome maintains the Latin League I Etruscans stay independent September 4 2015 5th and 6th BCE O Decline of Kingship 0 Mountain dwellers raid plains and run back to the mountains I Mountains are very protected 0 Plain dwellers hand together I Local village leaders become important because immediate aid to the raids 0 Result equals diffusion of power I Look for closest for help 0 Suodales of Poplios Valesios I Joint sacrifice to Mars 0 God of War and Fertility I Beginnings of Patronage 0 Fall of Kings according to Livy I L Tarquinius Superbus 0 Bad Qualities 0 Notes Week 2 Rise of Rome Coup Body Guard I What s wrong with that I Not Roman norm I Why would you need a body guard in your home unless you ve done something wrong Lots of execution on elites as well as criminals Smaller senate I Senators refused to participate I BIG SENATE good I Small senate bad Weaker senate Alliances with people outside the community I Trying to gain clientes I If Rome turns on him then he will have an outside army to defeat Rome Took throne by deceit I UNROMAN 0 Good qualities 0 O Fall of the Kings 0 Not anything Tarquinius Superbus did 0 Rape of Lucretia Stayed up all night making wool Good because she didn t party Sextus Excellent General to build public worksactive building program I Romans thought that free citizens should not build sewers I Goes back to Lucretia and rapes her I Hot and bothered about her wool making Lucretia doesn t want Roman woman to use her as an example for cheating on their husbands so she offs herself even though she did nothing wrong 0 Leads to res publica common wealth O Leaders of revolution L Junius Brutus L Tarquinius Collatinus Consuls Problems with Livy s story 0 Suspicious details Tyranicall qualities 0 Coup bodyguard ect Similar to Greek Tyrants Good qualities 0 Counterbalance Notes Week 2 Rise of Rome 0 Also the qualities of tyrants in Greek histories 0 More suspicious details Doublet story later Book 3 Probability 0 How often is there really a revolt because of the rape of a free woman 0 Value of the story Important because of patria protestas 0 Sextus betrays that shit 0 Do not want that shit to be challenged Explains the hatred of Kings 0 Killed and driven out if you re thought to be looking at kingship Constitutional Crisis 0 Regal power is absolute Imperium Use of augury and haruspicy Vows on behalf of plebs Binding legal judgements Special marks of office 0 Problem concept of power is fixed 0 Solution divide the power 0 2 consuls Hold executive power of kings Elected in pairs split the power of the king Serve for just one year Can veto one another BUT 0 Receive half the fasces of a king 0 Wear a different toga 0 Rex Sarcorum Takes on religious powers of the king Only king in regard of sacrifice Position held for life Reoccurring themes in Livy 0 Social Harmony Senate restored to 300 Plebs plunder Tarquin s land Rewards to defenders of the state Plebs and elite respect one another 0 Taxes adjusted and cap on goods 0 Binds them together Kingship is still a fear L Tarquinius Collatinus is expelled because of his nomen P Valerius publicola 0 Accused at aiming at regnum Notes Week 2 Rise of Rome 0 Builds a house on a hill at the high point then moves it lower to show he isn t aiming at regnum 0 Does not replace other leader immediately I You can religiously kill someone if they are aiming at regnum with no remorse A model of republicanism O O O 0000 Political in uence exists in a free market Competition hedges against kingship Rules develop over time 39 Good valor in war political and religious office help I Bad assassinate rivals retain office with FEAR armed body guard diminish of belittle the senate If you limit in uence you lower their attempt at kingship If you do good ways no one can say you re aiming at regnum Concordia desire Fights with another citizen are only criticized if they disrupt the harmony
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