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Week 3 Notes

by: Willa Sharpe

Week 3 Notes CLAS 1010

Willa Sharpe
Rise of Rome
Chrisopther Caterine

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About this Document

Hey guys! This is week three notes just in case you missed anything or need information for an upcoming test! Notice there is no Monday because this is from Labor day! Thanks :)
Rise of Rome
Chrisopther Caterine
Class Notes
CLAS 1010, Christopher Caterine, Rise of Rome, Rome, CLAS 101
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Willa Sharpe on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 1010 at Tulane University taught by Chrisopther Caterine in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Rise of Rome in Classical Studies at Tulane University.


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Date Created: 09/23/15
Notes Week 3 Rise of Rome September 7 2015 Con icts of Orders Systematic Issues 0 O 0 Problems for Rome s subsistence farmers Military engagements at outside territories I Subsistence farms effect by this I Long campaigns lead to debt I Can t plant Fields Die I Because of this a lot of people were in debt I Lots of people sold into slavery I Raids effect more than others Ousting kings is only a partial solution I Oligarchies are more prone to con ict I Oligarchy when more than one person runs a country I Rich families try to monopolize consulship New question facing states I To what extent are magistrates accountable I Do you act absolutely I Can you punish I What limits exist on power held for just one year I If held jointly and the population elects you what power really exists Class Dispute I Social class not economic class I Patricians I Oldest families I They think they should hold all of the power I Claim magistracies I Only these people can hold priesthood I Imperium is tied to them 0 When a consul is given imperium by a courii vote 0 It reverts to these people during interregnum I Plebians 0 Everyone else How does con ict play out I Series of successions I Plebians ask for stuff from patricians I Denied so they leave the city and will not fight on Rome s behalf I Lots of this because of debt bondage I 1St Succession I Plebians refuse military service I Rome is nearly destroyed I Resolution I Tribunes of the Plebs created Notes Week 3 Rise of Rome 0 Protectors of plebians O Recognized by the patricians 0 Beginning of selfgovemance Plebian Government 0 Concilium plebis council of the plebs Organized by tribe with patricians excluded Resolutions binding on plebians only Elects tributes of the plebs 0 Tribune of the plebs 10 Elected for a year Elected in concilium plebis Possess sacrosanctity 0 If you assault a tribune you can die legally and religiously Plebs are the only ones who can be tribunes Protect rights of people with veto 0 Physically stand between 0 Can call concilium plebis to order 0 2 tribunes can veto one another 0 A consul cannot veto the concilium plebis O Aediles of Plebs 2 Elected at concilium plebis Assistant to tribunes Tend to plebian shrines A government divided 0 Rome now has two governments Main system consuls 0 Dominated by patricians 0 Governs the entire populous 0 More plutocratic ruled by wealthcomitia centuriara is core Plebian system 0 Managed by plebs 0 Binding only on plebs 0 More democratic concilium plebis is core 0 Belong to two tribes Romulus driven ones and Servius Tullius The second was more important Continued disputes 0 Twelve Tables 451 449 BCE First written law code Prevents the situation of magistrates making up laws Attempt to protect those with less power Most concerns with faming animals fruit trees veggies Strict penalties formulate procedures Written in verse poetry probably to make it so the illiterate people could read Becomes basis of Napoleonic code 0 Lex law canuleia 445 Notes Week 3 Rise of Rome I Changed law or intermarriage between patricians and plebs from illegal to legal 0 Lex Genucia 342 I One consul must be a pleb I Barred magistrates from holding two offices at one time I Cannot hold the same office again within ten years 0 Lex Hortensia I Any law passed in the concilium plebis applies to ALL romans I Patricians cannot hold office in concilium plebis I Concilium plebis is the main way to make laws Is this an example of a Marxist success story No not between rich and poor 0 Support I Steady advancement of nonpatrician did occur 0 Counter evidence I Lives of poor people never really improve I Legislative power still concentrated with the rich 0 Other explanation I Change social landscape I Some plebians get rich I Some patricians lose money Laws in con ict re ect phases in social life of Rome Re ecting con icts of first century on past 0 Until Lex Hortensia you probably couldn t have passed plebian law without rich plebians September 11 2015 Expansion and a Setback Mountain dwellers raid the plains Kingship is abandoned 0 Competition between the elite The Republican experiment 0 Benefit of Consuls I Elected in pairs 0 Rome can now field two Armies Problems with Consuls O The vetoes or disagreements are paralyzing 0 Rome often faced more than two enemies Crisis demands exibility Experiment with many types of leaders 0 Tribuni militum consulari potestaes I Tribunes of the soldiers with consular power I Spreads imperium more widely I Helps limit power 0 Dictator I Created intimes of emergency I Appointed not elected by a consul cannot be vetoed 0 Notes Week 3 Rise of Rome I Chooses an assistant magister equitum I Not really powerful I If dictators dies or retires then they re not replaced I Has all the power of the old king 24 fasces I Plebians cannot veto I Six month term or until crisis ends I Do not want to be known for having this office Results I Romans survive crisis though many neighbors do not I Repopulation of old cities as coloniae independent state and renounce Roman citizenship if you move there I Automatically allies of Rome I Basically clientes of Rome Sack of Veii 396 BCE A Case Study 0 O O 0 Rome s first major victory City 10 miles from Rome Dealt with differently eliminates Veii as an independent state I People killed or enslaved if they did not go to Rome and become citizens I Romans more to Veii stay Roman citizens I Punishment as eliminating Veii as an independent state I Softens blow by allowing citizen of Veii to be citizen of Rome Rome now stretches into Etruria Gallic Sack of Rome 4 and 3rd c BCE O O O IndoEuropean Central European No city no agriculture nomadic Cross the Alps in the early 4th century I End up in Po Valley Next push is across the Apennines I Overrun Etruscan Battle of Allia Gallic Sack of Rome 387 BCE I Romans pay for protection Camillus comes and saves the city How bad was it really I No evidence that the city was burnt down I Rome s status not effected I Probably actually paid the Guals Less tangible effects I City planning I Roman Trauma I Scared of Guals I Ethnic makeup of Italy Insight into Roman Identity I Children and Women went to Veii I Young men were sent to the Capital line Notes Week 3 Rise of Rome I Elderly men stay put unprotected in Rome Put on Regalia of highest office they held sat in atrium Guals didn t understand and thought they were statues so one of them tugged on the beard of one of the elderly men and the old Roman bopped him on the head Better to be dead than a hindrance Confidence Value Politics DO NOT TOUCH ME Elite Romans tried to look like Statues 0 Look larger than life


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