Week 2 Notes
Popular in Intro to Social Pysch
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Willa Sharpe on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3430-02 at Tulane University taught by O'Brien, Laurie in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Intro to Social Pysch in Psychlogy at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
Notes Week 2 Social Psychology September 1 2015 Chapter 2 Selfconcept 0 Our selfconcept and esteem are very easily manipulated by others 0 Looking glass theory we see ourselves as others see us Couley O Re ected appraisal 0 How others see us social self is weakly related to how we think they see us perceived self which is strongly related to how we see ourselves self concept I The first and last are also weakly related Why are direct re ections so weak 0 Our selfconcepts shape out perceptions of how others see us 0 We get con icting messages from different people 0 People censor what they say to us 0 Some people have more in uence than others Functions of self 0 Organizational I We are bombarded by emotions and our sense of self helps us find what s important 0 Emotional Regulation 0 Executive decisions I Helps us make decisions on what we should do SelfSchema O Beliefs about self that organize the social world 0 In uence how one processes information 0 Experiment Markus 1977 I 3 schemas of women 0 Those who classified as independent dependent and those who didn t associate themselves with either I Showed series of words related to independence and dependence and measured lengths of time it took to identify with the words I Independent women 0 Short time with words associated with independence I Dependent women 0 Short time with words associated with dependence A schematic 0 Didn t matter Selfconcept 0 Answers to the question Who am I O Origins of selfconcept I In apes I In children 0 Look in mirror and touch themselves instead of touching the mirror 0 Individualism I Thing of our traits mostly when using an I am statement Notes Week 2 Social Psychology Related to western culture 0 Collectivism When using I am statements talked about relationships with others Asia Africa South and Central America Middle East Where does selfconcept come from O Introspection autobiographical O Introspection Look inward Make mistakes when practicing introspection O Nisbett and Wilson 1977 Had people evaluate pantyhose the exact same pantyhose and asked which preferred Chose ones on the right but didn t realized they had and so they made up reasons to explain it 0 Problem People cannot explain their own behavior 0 Problem People cannot predict their feelings Perception on own behavior 0 People gain the most insight by observing their own behavior 0 Facial feedback The face you make in uence what you feel 0 Over justification effect Other people Tendency for intrinsic motivation to decrease when people are rewarded for the behavior 0 Social comparison people evaluated their abilities against others Mr Clean amp Mr Dirty Experiment 0 Participants waiting to be interviewed for a job sat in a room with another person a confederate who was dressed nicely or poorly 0 People evaluated themselves better if they were in the presence of Mr Dirty Interpret feelings from social contagion 0 Memories 0 Culture Strong memories from transition periods Memories can be inaccurate Memories are positively distorted Selfreference effect 0 The tendency to process efficiently and remember information related to yourself Huge on selfconcept Individualism exists more in Europe North America Australia and South Africa Collectivism Everywhere else Overlapping distribution Notes Week 2 Social Psychology 0 The groups are not as separate as we thing and the traits set to separate groups will have a mix of both answers but just a little more of one I Individualistic Culture 0 Separate from others I Collective Culture 0 Define themselves by their relationships with others I The self exists across many contexts Selfcontrol 0 Muscle analogy I If you lift weights you muscles may be tired at first but if you do it everyday you get better 0 Mondo Cane Study I Groups one inhibits reaction to the horrific video another exaggerates their reaction and the third is given no instructions I The ones who were told to inhibit their reaction used the most energy 0 Locus of Control I The extent to which people believe they are in control of their destiny 0 Learned helplessness I Hopelessness learned when people perceive no control over their outcomes I Implications the elderly and prisoners September 3 2015 Selfesteem 0 What is it I Affective component I Includes positive and negative thoughts 0 Have to want 0 Purpose I Need to connect with others and gain approval I Sociometer theory 0 Basically you have a gas tank 0 The better connections you have the better you feel about yourself I Need to better against anxiety 0 Terror management theory I Knowing we are going to die and have no way to avoid it I Selfesteem makes us okay with it Sources of selfesteem 0 Early experiences I Care takers respond to our need if they actually respond to our need then we have good self esteem 0 Success and failures 0 Selfesteem bounces around from low to high Notes Week 2 Social Psychology I Our experiences with success and failure effect this 0 Good and bad traits O Selfstandards and selfguides I Ideal self I Who we want to be I Out self I Duty or obligation I Fall short of ideal self you feel depressed I Higgin s selfdiscrepancy Theory 0 Measuring selfesteem I Selfreport I Rosenberg s selfesteem scale I Implicit method 0 Measuring letter prettiness 0 High rating with the letters in your name 0 Implicit Association Test 0 Faster reaction time to positive me and pleasant How do most people rate themselves 0 North Americans have relatively high esteem 0 Not always affected by devalued group membership Average selfesteem O In general evidence shows that people tend to have positive views of themselves I Implicit egotism I Above average effect I Unreal optimism 0 Consequences I Positive Illusions 0 Compared people with high esteem to those with low selfesteem I More realistic views of themselves I Less likely to make selfserving attributes I Less likely to exaggerate control over the uncontrollable I Less unrealistic views of the future I Mental health issues 0 Consequences of High self esteem I Derogatory evaluations I Deny health problems I Less liked Is narcissism on the rise 0 Narcissism scores increasing across America 0 Why increase I Unknown 0 Is it a concern Motivated self 0 2 primary intrapersonal motives four self I Selfenhancement Notes Week 2 Social Psychology I Selfverification How do we selfenhance 0 Choose situations and tasks in which we can shine O Engage in selfserving attribute bias 0 In ate our contributions to successful joint efforts 0 Avoid high comparisons Selfevaluation maintenance model Tesser 1988 O Selfesteem effected by success and failure of close others 0 Two main processes underline SEM I Re ection basking in glory 0 Bragging in sports 0 of school sweatshirts worn after team had won or lost How do we selfenhance O Selfaffirmation I We remind ourselves of things we are good at or care about I Protects self from threats I Reduce use of selfserving biases Protecting the self 0 Selfhandicapping I Build excuses for anticipated failure I Way to proactively protect the self I Methods of selfhandicapping I Excusemaking 0 Lower other s expectations 0 Selfpresentation I Efforts to control the impressions of our self to others I Goals construct an identity 0 Selfmonitoring I Tendency to regulate behavior to meet demands of the situation
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