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by: May Smith DDS

ArchitectureandSocietyI ARCH141

Marketplace > Drexel University > Architecture > ARCH141 > ArchitectureandSocietyI
May Smith DDS
GPA 3.57


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Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by May Smith DDS on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH141 at Drexel University taught by MarkBrack in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see /class/212351/arch141-drexel-university in Architecture at Drexel University.

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Date Created: 09/23/15
FINAL EXAM Vocabulary Aedicule 7 properly a canopied niche or shrined frame by 2 columns supporting entablature or pediment Apse 7 semicircular extension to larger rectangular space Arcuated building dependent structurally on use of arches Atrium EtruscanRoman architecture inner court open to sky and surrounded by small rooms covered with tiled roofs sloping inwards Open court in front of church Bay 7 vertical division of exterior interior of building marked not by walls but by fenestration an order buttresses vaulting Cardo principal N S street in Ancient Roman town Decumanus principal E W street in Ancient Roman town Crossing space at intersection of nave chancel and transepts of a church often surmounted by crossing tower or dome Cruciform shaped like cross as in plan of a Christian church Dome vault or even curvature erected on a circular base or drum Elevation external faces of building drawing made in projection on vertical plane to show any one face of building Facade Front or face of building usually emphasized architecturally Fenestration arrangement of windows in the exterior walls of a building Nave main central body of longitudinally planned building Roman basilica Christian church Niche vertical recess in a wall usually arched and containing statue or urn Pendentives concave spandrel leading from the angle of two walls to base of circular dome Peristyle columned porch or open colonnade in building surrounding a court Polychromy Ancient Greek use of many colors in architecture Thermal window semicircular window divided into 3 lights by 2 vertical mullions also known as Diocletian window because of its use in Thermae of Diocletian Transepts transverse arms of a cross shaped church between nave and chancel Villa Roman architecture landowner s residence Voussoirs wedge shaped element typically a stone used in building arch or vault Words from Study Guide Etruscans controlled Rome early in history in uenced general temple forms that Romans adopt as well as engineering accomplishments De Architectura 10 books of Architecture written by Vitruvius Byzantine empire centered around Constantinople ruled by emperors after collapse of Western Roman empire EXisted more than 1000 years Revival in mosaics Early humanism Quincunx square plan with 5 domes Russia Orthodox in 988 AD when King Vladimir of Kiev accepted Christianity Architecture followed Byzantine models quincunX plan l6Lh century tenttype or shatior church Church of Ascension Onion domes dome whose shape resembles onion Russian larger than drum they are set on Mosque building where Muslims gather for community prayer Qiblah wall wall oriented towards Mecca Mihrab niche in wall oriented towards Mecca Minarets towers where singer calls faithful to prayer Chaitya Halls Assembly halls built by Buddhists and Hindus Mandala Hindu and Buddhist art takes circular form Square with 4 gates containing circle to center point Sikhara tall facetedpleated stone tower Gopuras massive pyramidal gateways


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