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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Trinity Ratke DVM on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI130 at Drexel University taught by ChristianHunold in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see /class/212369/psci130-drexel-university in Political Science at Drexel University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
Week 2 Tuesday 452011 Methods of Data Collection and Analysis Research Method Research methods vary by degree of their 0 Predetermined nature 0 Use of closedended vs openended questioning o Numeric vs nonnumeric data analysis A quantitative approach is one in which the investigator primarily uses postpositivist claims for developing knowledge employs strategies of inquiry such as experiments and surveys and collects data on predetermined instruments that yield statistical data A qualitative approach is on in which the inquirer often makes knowledge claims based primarily on constructivist perspectives or advocacyparticipatory perspectives or both The researcher collects openended emerging data with the primary intent of developing themes from the data A mixed methods approach is one in which the researcher tend to base knowledge claims on pragmatic grounds problemcentered Data collection involves gathering numeric information as well as text information so that the final database represents both quantitative and qualitative information Postpositivism Constructivism Determination Reductionism Empirical Understanding Multiple participant observation and measurement Theory meanings Social and historical construction verification Cause and Effect Theory generation Advocacy Participatory Pragmatism Political Empowerment issue oriented Consequences of actions Problem centered Collaborative Change oriented Pluralistic RealWorld practice oriented Week 2 Tuesday 452011 Strategies of Inquiry Quantitative Approach Experiments 7 randomized nonrandomized singlesubject designs Surveys 7 crosssectional amp longitudinal studies using questionnaires or structured interviews for data collection generalize from sample to population Qualitative Approach Ethnographies 7 studying cultural groups in their natural setting over time exible amp contextually evolving research process Grounded Theory 7 researcher attempts to derive a general abstract theory of a process action or interaction grounded in the views of participants in a study Case Studies 7 researcher explores in depth a program an event an activity a process or one or more individuals various data collection procedures Narrative Research 7 researcher studies the lives of individuals and asks one or more individuals to provide stories about their lives the researcher retells these stories following some organizing principle or principles Mixed Methods Approach Sequential Procedures 7 researcher seeks to elaborate on or expand the ndings of one method with another method Concurrent Procedures 7 researcher converges quantitative and qualitative data in order to provide a comprehensive analysis of the research problem Transformative Procedures 7 researcher uses a changeoriented theoretical lens usually empowermentemancipatory theories such as feminism for integrating quantitative and qualitative methods Week 2 Tuesday 452011 Quantitative Methods Mixed Methods Qualitative Methods Predetermined Instrument based questions Performance data attitude data observational data and census data Statistical analysis Statistical interpretation Both predetermined and emerging methods Both open and closed ended questions Multiple forms of data drawing on all possibilities Statistical and text analysis Across databases interpretation Emerging methods Openended questions Interview data observation data document data and audiovisual data and audio visual data Text and image analysis Themes patterns interpretation Week 2 Tuesday 452011 l 2 E 4 0mm gt1 Steps to follow when you need to write a literature review Identify the general research question Find the most important scholarly answers to date to that question by a Consulting your books and notes from related classes to determine the principal authors and schools of thought Thinking on your own about what some possible explanation from different schools ofthought could be Searching the library catalog and premier journals for important works Readings these books and articles and taking careful notes with the speci c goals of identifying i schools of thought ii key authors and iii works that you need Fquot 99 to read Write a draft of your literature review Though it will be integrated into the whole paper it should also make sense as a standalone essay Thus the literature review section has its own introduction body and conclusion Properly document the sources You must give credit to any author who helped you understand the general layout of the field and you must read and cite the major scholars participating in the debate In the body of your literature review each paragraph will have several inteXt citations citing the authors mentioned in the text It is impossible to write a literature review free of plagiarism that lacks citations This section is all about showing the reader that you know the major writer works on the topic Develop a header for the literature review section Do not call it Literature Review Keep in mind that this is your perspective on the literature You should feel free to develop labels and take an unpopular position as long as you can defend it Finally Be sure to conclude with what you believe is the strongest answer to the research question and convince the reader that you have made the best choice Reference Baglione L 2007 Writing a Research Paper in Political Science A Practical Guide to Inquiry Structure and Methods Thomas Wadsworth Week 2 Tuesday 452011 Outline 1 How have important scholars answered my general research question What are the most important schools of thought and who are indenti ed with them What is an appropriate label for this group of authors Why a School 1 i Give it a label and identify its logic and main adherents ii How would this school answer the particular research question iii What are its logical strengths and weaknesses b School 2 i Give it a label and identify its logic and main adherents ii How would this school answer the particular research question iii What are its logical strengths and weaknesses c School 3 i Give it a label and identify its logic and main adherents ii How would this school answer the particular research question iii What are its logical strengths and weaknesses In conclusion which school of thought seems to provide the best answer Why Week 2 Tuesday 452011 Practical Summary 1 Identify a topic that is interesting to you 2 Write down why that topic is interesting to you and think of why it might be interesting to others too 3 Generate some basic questions related to your topic 4 Write down why this topic is interesting to you and others 5 Try to think about genuine puzzles involving this topic and then develop a related research question that is one that starts with why how to what extent etc 6 Be sure that your question is short one relatively simple sentence 7 Identify the type of research question you have posed 8 Have your instructor approve your research question Exercise Think of why you became a Political Science major or consider one of your favorite courses Develop one theoryoriented one publicpolicy and one political theory question based on your own experiences Topic Why interesting Why important Related Questions Research Questions Week 2 Tuesday 452011 RESEARCH QUESTIONS INTERESTING IMPORANT PUZZLING SHORT amp DIRECT Is your topic interesting To start with the topic should be interesting to you 1 What piqued your interest in politics 2 Why did you become a political science major 3 In what current events or news stories are you most interested Is your topic important It s pointless to write about insigni cant topics so you need to justify that your topic is important to academics policymakers citizens l Performa scholarly literature search to determine whether your topic is important to academics 2 Brainstorm to come up with justi cations for your topic s importance 3 Search newspaper oped pages to discover the signi cance of your topic Can you express a research question as a puzzle You need to narrow your tipic to a slice of reality you can analzys or explain why how to what extent or under what conditions Three types of research 1 Theoryorientated empirical Why How To What Extent Under What Conditions 2 Public Policy empirical Why How To What Extent Under What Conditions 3 Political Theory normative Should What does concept X mean for theorist Y Stating your question concisely and directly Why does political power in semiauthoritarian regimes not depend on elections To what extent does Rawl s theory of justice mandate a social welfare state What type of health insurance system insures the greatest number of people Why do green parties have greater electoral success in Europe than in the United States Should illegal immigrants be deported 959P Week 2 Tuesday 452011
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